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Long Thanh International Airport

Coordinates: 10°46′21.4″N 107°02′43″E / 10.772611°N 107.04528°E / 10.772611; 107.04528
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Long Thanh International Airport

Sân bay Quốc tế Long Thành
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Vietnam
OperatorAirports Corporation of Vietnam
ServesHo Chi Minh City metropolitan area
LocationBình Sơn, Long Thành District, Đồng Nai Province, Vietnam
Hub forVietnam Airlines[1]
Built2026; 2 years' time (2026) (Phase–I)[2]
2035; 11 years' time (2035) (full completion)[3]
Elevation AMSL45 m / 148 ft
Coordinates10°46′21.4″N 107°02′43″E / 10.772611°N 107.04528°E / 10.772611; 107.04528
VVLT is located in Vietnam
Location of the airport in Vietnam
VVLT is located in Southeast Asia
VVLT (Southeast Asia)
VVLT is located in Asia
VVLT (Asia)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 4,000 13,123 Concrete
N/A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
N/A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
N/A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
The being-constructed Phase 1 projection with its associated facilities

Long Thanh International Airport (IATA: none, ICAO: VVLT) is an international airport under construction in Long Thành District, Đồng Nai Province, Vietnam, approximately 40 km (25 mi) east of Ho Chi Minh City. It will be the second airport to serve the Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area, after the existing Tan Son Nhat International Airport. It is being built as an alternative to the existing airport, in order to relieve its increasing traffic, demand and congestion, as it could not be further expanded due to urban growth around it. The Government of Vietnam approved its construction on 4 January 2021. Construction began the next day on 5 January, and its first phase was scheduled to be finished by September 2025, but now it is expected to be finished by the first half of 2026.[4][5][6][2] The airport will serve over 100 million passengers and five million tonnes of cargo annually when built to the maximum designed capacity, making it the largest airport in Vietnam, Southeast Asia and one of the largest in the world. The project is the most expensive infrastructure project in Vietnam's history.[7] Once open, both airports will operate together. The national carrier, Vietnam Airlines, is suggested by the project consultants as the only Vietnamese carrier to operate flights from Long Thanh, while other airlines will wholly stay at the existing airport.[1]

The project is being developed in four phases, of which the first phase at a cost of about US$ 4.6 billion, with an area of around 5,580 ha (13,800 acres), a capacity of 25 million passengers and 1.2 million tonnes of cargo per year, one terminal and one 4,000 m (13,000 ft)-long and 60 m (200 ft)-wide runway, was officially approved by the Prime Minister of Vietnam, Nguyễn Xuân Phúc, on 11 November 2020, with completion planned in 2025, which will now be completed in the first half of 2026.[8][2] It is slated to be fully completed with the remaining three phases at a cost of US$ 18.7 billion, consisting of another three terminals and runways covering an area of more than 10,000 ha (25,000 acres), by 2035.[3][9]



The existing Tan Son Nhat International Airport is the only international airport in the Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area, covering an area of 30,404 square kilometres (11,739 sq mi), that serves an estimated population of around 25 million inhabitants, of which 18-19 million are urban inhabitants, accounting for about 80% of total population.[10] Due to urban growth around it and safety issues, it is difficult to expand to meet the increasing annual growth of passengers. The maximum design capacity of the airport is around 30 million passengers per annum, but in 2023, it handled 40.7 million.[11][12]

The flow of international tourists to the south of Vietnam is increasing dramatically, by 15 to 20 percent annually. Thus, promoting the domestic market of more than 100 million by building a new airport that can adapt to future needs got necessary. The existing airport will serve the international and domestic flights until the completion of the new Long Thanh International Airport. The airport will be able to handle the world's biggest commercial aircraft types, like the Airbus A380. Under current plans by the Government of Vietnam, the Airports Corporation of Vietnam (ACV) will be the main investor and operator of the airport.[13]


The Prime Minister of Vietnam, Nguyễn Tấn Dũng, approved the project in June 2011. Construction works were initially planned under three phases, of which the Phase I consisted two sub-phases, which now increased to three, Phases 1A, 1B and 1C. Under Phase 1A, the construction of the main terminal and one runway was to be done by 2023, allowing the airport to initially serve 17 million passengers a year, which was later changed 25 million as part of Phase 1C. Then, Vietnam’s National Assembly’s Economic Committee approved the construction of the airport in October 2014. The construction was supposed to begin from 2017, but was delayed due to land acquisition issues and environmental concerns due to its location in a forested area. To rehabilitate the 28,500 residents of the Loc An-Binh Son area, a new settlement near to the airport's site began construction in April 2020,[7] and by December 2020, the mine clearance of the airport site started.[14] On 5 January 2021, construction on the airport officially began, and three days later, on 9 January, while clearing and grubbing, workers found several unexploded mortar shells at the site, which were used during the Vietnam War.[15] On 30 March 2022, construction of the terminal building started.[16] The terminal was scheduled to be completed by September 2025, but was rescheduled to the first half of 2026 in March 2024.[6][2]


The total investment on the Long Thanh International Airport is estimated to be US$ 18.7 billion. The project is being developed in four phases. The first phase will cost approximately US$ 7.8 billion, which later changed to about US$ 4.66 billion, whereas the second and third phases are estimated to cost US$ 3.8 billion and US$ 7 billion respectively.

The ACV has invested US$ 235.34 million on the project. The government has borrowed US$ 2.25 billion of official development assistance (ODA) loans for the first phase. The Government funding and ODA loans is being used to build the airport infrastructure, while private funding is being used to build the passenger terminal.[3]

Master plan[edit]

The master plan for Long Thanh International Airport was approved by the Prime Minister of Vietnam, Phan Văn Khải, in 2006, and several adjustments have been made over time. The project faced mixed public reaction for its expensive cost and far distance from the center of Ho Chi Minh City.[17]

Based on the demand of transportation, the investment has been divided in three phases, along with a fourth sub-phase. The Southern Airports Corporation, a company under the Ministry of Transport, is in charge of development of this project.

Phase 1 (2021 – 2025)[edit]

The first phase is estimated to cost US$7.8 billion and is divided into 3 sub-phases.[18]

Phase 1A (2021–2023)[edit]

According to the original plan, the airport would handle 17 million passengers per year after this phase is completed. However, the proposed capacity was later increased to 25 million passengers per year to reduce construction cost.[19] The cost was later changed to about US$ 4.66 billion.[3] One terminal is being built along with a single runway.[20]

Phase 1B (2023–2025)[edit]

In this, a second runway will be built, threby increasing the total capacity to more than 25 million passengers per annum.

Phase 1C (2025)[edit]

The rest of necessary facilities will be built and land-clearance for future phases will be made. With an area of about 5,880 ha (14,500 acres), a capacity of over 25 million passengers and 1.2 million tonnes of cargo per year, the airport will begin operating in the first half of 2026.[2][3]

Phase 2 (2025–2035)[edit]

An estimated cost of about US$ 3.8 billion will be invested to double the capacity to 50 million passengers and 1.5 million tonnes of cargo per annum, and two more terminals along with the third runway will be added when the phase is finished, which is scheduled to be in 2030.[3]

Phase 3 (After 2035)[edit]

The airport will reach its maximum designed capacity at 80-100 million passengers and 5 million tonnes of cargo per year. By investing an estimated US$ 7 billion, the fourth terminal and the fourth runway will be constructed between 2030 and 2035, and will be operational after the third phase, making it the largest and busiest airport in Vietnam, Southeast Asia and among the largest in the world, with an area of more than 10,000 ha (25,000 acres), four terminals and runways.[3]


All the four terminals, including the under-construction Terminal 1, were designed by a Korea-based architecture firm, Heerim Architects,[21] and are said to be shaped like a lotus flower, the national flower of Vietnam. The design was based on feedback from the Vietnamese public and experts.[22][23] The terminals will have a floor area of 399,987 m2 (4,305,420 sq ft) each, divided over four floors with a capacity of 25 million passengers for each annually.[24][25]

Ground transportation[edit]


The airport will be accessible via the National Highway 51 and Ho Chi Minh City–Long Thanh–Dau Giay Expressway, construction is expected be completed before the airport opens in 2025. A third road is planned east of the airport and will connect with the Dau Giay–Phan Thiet Expressway as part of the second phase of the airport plan from 2025. The airport will also be accessible via the under-construction Bien Hoa–Vung Tau Expressway, to be completed by 2025/26.[26][27]


Light rail[edit]

A light rail line connecting the airport to Thu Thiem, just east of Ho Chi Minh City is proposed.[26] This line was initially planned to be at least 38 km (24 mi) long.[28] In March 2024, it was finalised to run at a length of 37.35 km (23.21 mi), with 20 stations. This includes an 11.8 km (7.3 mi) section passing through Ho Chi Minh City and a 25.55 km (15.88 mi) section through Dong Nai Province. The Thu Thiem Station, as Thu Duc city, will serve as the starting station, and the Long Thanh International Airport Station will serve as the last station. It has been also planned to add a preceding station before Thu Duc city station at Ben Thanh to link to the Ho Chi Minh City Metro, in order to provide direct connectivity to the airport through the metro as well. The estimated investment for the project is VNĐ 40.5 trillion (US$1.6 billion). It will be primarily designed for passenger transportation between the city centre and Long Thanh International Airport, and will operate at a maximum speed of 80 km/h (50 mph), with an operational speed of 60 km/h (37 mph). The Ministry of Transport aims to invest in the railway project by 2025, with construction scheduled for 2025-2030.[29][30][31]

High-speed rail[edit]

A new high-speed railway service is proposed to be connected to the new airport as part of the Ho Chi Minh City–Nha Trang section of the North-South high-speed railway line. The airport planners have suggested to build the high-speed railway line by keeping a station at the airport, as it will give passengers a more direct and efficient transit option to Ho Chi Minh City than by road, which is already congested closer to the city centre. The project is overseen by the Transportation Design and Engineering Corporation (TEDI). The station will be positioned 220 m in front of and towards the Terminal 1 of the airport, and will be situated 35 m away from the Terminal 1 parking area, according to the proposed feasibility study. Upon operation, the railway station will be linked by a pedestrian bridge connecting Terminal 1, the parking area, and the railway station.[31]

Environmental concerns[edit]

As the airport is being built on a forested area, various concerns have been raised by environmentalists regarding the location, and called for change in the location to a plain area. However, ACV states that a change in the location would cause the airport to be located too far from the Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area, leading to inefficiency and further traffic, congestion and pollution on roads while travelling to and from the city centre. Therefore, the ACV has pledged to ensure adequate greenery in the airport premises to compensate for the lost green cover during construction.[32]

During construction, the ACV has been criticised by farmers and residents living in the Dong Nai Province, where the airport is situated in Long Thanh District, due to inadequate measures to protect the environment and impact on agriculture and settlements from pollution. The construction has been generating red dust, which causes significant disease in cereal crops, like on wheat, barley and species of trees like Rambutan, Durian, Mangosteen, Lychee and others like and jackfruit and banana cultivated and grown in the province. This has led to a dramatic decline in the production of many crops and produces, especially wheat, which has provoked opposition from farmers and agriculturists against the project. On 5 April 2023, an inspection team of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment announced their inspection results in compliance with environmental protection laws by the ACV during the construction of the airport. The inspection found that the process of constructing the airport caused red dust to spread far and wide, affecting many communes and towns in Long Thanh District and Dong Nai Province. The dust was due to the ACV's failure to adequately water certain locations, as specified in the approved environmental impact assessment report. The team requested the ACV to water the transportation routes, especially the paths used by construction vehicles, more frequently, install speed limit signs, and strictly control the use of uncovered soil transport vehicles. They must also tightly pack the filled areas and surplus excavation landfills to reduce the red dust caused by winds. Since then, although the ACV has implemented to sprinkle water in the entire site to reduce dust, it has yet to find out a solution to eliminate pollution from the construction units to fully bring pollution under control.[33][34][35][36]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b NLD.COM.VN (2018-10-23). "Vietnam Airlines là hãng hàng không nội duy nhất khai thác sân bay Long Thành?". Người lao động (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  2. ^ a b c d e Nga, Minh (1 March 2024). "PM demands Long Thanh airport open in first half of 2026". VnExpress International. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Long Thanh International Airport". Airport Technology. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  4. ^ "New airport in Dong Nai expected to open by 2020". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  5. ^ "Work on Long Thanh Airport can begin in May 2021: ACV - VnExpress International".
  6. ^ a b Duy, Anh (12 September 2022). "Long Thanh airport set to serve first flight in September 2025". VnExpress International. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  7. ^ a b VietnamPlus (2020-07-28). "Dong Nai intensifies site clearance for Long Thanh Int'l Airport | Videos | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)". VietnamPlus. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  8. ^ "Thủ tướng phê duyệt Dự án Sân bay Long Thành giai đoạn 1 trị giá 4,664 tỷ USD (PM approved the project first phase costed US $4.664 billion)". Vietnam Investment Review. 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2020-11-12.
  9. ^ "Construction work begins at Vietnam's Long Thành International Airport". Airport Technology. 5 January 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  10. ^ "Planning for Saigon Metropolitan Area". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
  11. ^ "Overcapacity And The Investment Capital Headache". Archived from the original on 2017-12-26. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
  12. ^ Long Thanh Airport on Dong Nai government official website
  13. ^ "Long Thanh airport will operate by 2025: transport minister". Vietnam News Agency (VNA). 25 October 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Clearing bombs and mines, starting the project of Long Thanh airport in December -". 2020-12-07. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  15. ^ "Phát hiện nhiều bom mìn tại mặt bằng sân bay Long Thành". zingnews.vn. 9 January 2021. Retrieved 2021-01-09.
  16. ^ "Work begins on passenger terminal of Long Thanh airport project". The Saigon Times. 2022-03-30. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  17. ^ Kiên, Cường; Hoàng, Thư. "Ý kiến trái chiều trong việc xây sân bay Long Thành". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  18. ^ "Gánh nặng 8 tỷ USD với dự án sân bay Long Thành". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  19. ^ "Thu hẹp Sân bay Long Thành giai đoạn 1". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  20. ^ "Sân bay Long Thành trông đợi vào ngân sách nhà nước". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  21. ^ "Heerim Architects & Planners creates design solutions for future". South China Morning Post. 2020-04-19. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  22. ^ "Long Thanh Airport lotus design criticised for high cost - News VietNamNet". english.vietnamnet.vn. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  23. ^ "Vietnamese spirit in Long Thanh airport designs - Culture - Sport - Dong Nai Newspaper". baodongnai.com.vn. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  24. ^ "Heerim Architects & Planners". www.heerim.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  25. ^ "Heerim Architects & Planners". www.heerim.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  26. ^ a b The Saigon Times Daily (9 October 2019). "ACV proposes two road projects for Long Thanh airport". Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  27. ^ Tuan, Phuoc (26 October 2023). "Completed handover of Bien Hoa - Vung Tau expressway this year". Vietnam.VN. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  28. ^ Viet, Thuan (2022-03-30). "Light rail transit to link HCMC urban area with new airport". VnExpress International.
  29. ^ Clark, James (10 July 2023). "Thu Thiem – Long Thanh Light Rail". Future of Southeast Asia. Retrieved 12 April 2024.
  30. ^ "Thu Thiem – Long Thanh Light Rail to finish in 2030". SGGP. 26 July 2023. Retrieved 12 April 2024.
  31. ^ a b "ACV responds to concerns about Long Thành Airport project underground station". Vietnam News. 1 March 2024. Retrieved 12 April 2024.
  32. ^ Ha, Thanh (27 August 2023). "Entire cleared site handed over for 1st phase of Long Thanh airport project in southern Vietnam". Tupi Tre News. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  33. ^ Tuan, Phuoc (31 December 2022). "Long Thanh airport construction causes excessive air pollution". VnExpress International. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  34. ^ "Dust pollution from Long Thanh Airport construction, Vietnam". EJAtlas. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  35. ^ "Đồng Nai farmers lose harvest due to Long Thành Airport red dust". Vietnam News. 21 April 2023. Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  36. ^ "Construction units at Long Thành Airport urged to address dust pollution". Vietnam News. 20 March 2024. Retrieved 11 April 2024.

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