|Territorial authority||Manawatu District, Palmerston North City|
Longburn (or Karere) is a rural settlement just outside Palmerston North in the Manawatu-Wanganui area of New Zealand. Made up of large dairy processing plants Longburn is often mistaken to be a small township and not seen as a large satellite town of Palmerston North. The township is home to both Longburn School and Longburn Adventist College.
The population was 651 in 2006.
Originally a forest clearing before settlement , some of the region's earliest settlers settled in the Longburn area. Among them, the former Prime Minister of Denmark, Bishop Ditlev Monrad and his family.
1884 saw a butter factory open and this was followed by a meat freezing works in 1890.
Longburn Freezing Company Limited began their substantial operation in November 1889 on a 26 acres site beside the railway line. It soon experienced severe financial difficulties and, the under capitalised business having borrowed large sums from them, the National Mortgage and Agency Company of New Zealand took control of the business during 1896. Sold by NMA in 1940 to Manchester's Co-operative Wholesale Society it finally closed in October 1987.
Longburn is significant in railway history, as it was the northern terminus of New Zealand's most prominent private railway, the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company (WMR). Its line between Longburn and Wellington was completed in 1886 and at Longburn, passengers and goods transferred between the WMR and the New Zealand Railways Department (NZR) network. On 8 December 1908, the WMR was absorbed into the NZR and Longburn lost its significant interchange status. However the branch line to Foxton was retained and only closed in the 1940s. The branch line resulted in the official name of the station being Longburn Junction. This name was adopted by the then Junction Hotel opposite the station. The line through Longburn is now part of the North Island Main Trunk Railway.
In an attempt to attract growth to the Manawatu region, the Manawatu District Council agreed to cede part of its territory to Palmerston North City. Longburn was a part of this, however, only to the eastern side of the NIMT, effectively cutting the settlement in half.
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- Page 2, Feilding Star, Volume XVIII, Issue 99, 23 October 1896
- Page 4, Auckland Star, Volume LXXI, Issue 96, 23 April 1940