Longest flights

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Over time, commercial airlines have established a number of scheduled ultra long-haul non-stop flights. These exceptionally long routes reduce the travel time between distant city pairs as well as the number of stops needed for passengers' travels, thereby increasing passenger convenience.[1] For an airline, choosing to operate long flights can also build brand image as well as loyalty among a set of flyers.[2] Thus there is competition among airlines to establish the longest flight.[3]

Definition[edit]

The length of a flight can be defined in different ways. Typically, the great-circle distance between the origin and destination is used, but alternative metrics include the duration of the flight, and the actual distance flown (when a longer route can use the jet stream to reduce the total travel time). Also, although the term is most commonly used to compare between different non-stop flights, direct flights with stops (same flight number used for full journey) might also be compared on some occasions.

There are numerous different types of flights globally operated by different aircraft for different industries and purposes. The term "longest flight" is most commonly used in reference to flights that are commercial, passenger, and scheduled, such that the flight details are published and tickets are available for purchase.[4]

Current longest route[edit]

The "world's longest flight" has disputed status because it is a non-specific claim. While the distance between two cities is constant, aircraft don't always follow straight paths but adjust their flight paths based on headwinds, tailwinds, and other weather events and to avoid flying over certain countries because of politics or war.[5]

By great-circle distance[edit]

Since November 9, 2020, the longest active scheduled passenger flight by great-circle distance is Singapore Airlines’ Flights SQ23/SQ24[6] using an Airbus A350-900ULR between Singapore and New York–JFK at 15,349 kilometres (9,537 mi; 8,288 nmi).[7]

The longest ever scheduled passenger flight was Air Tahiti Nui's flight TN64 using a Boeing 787-9, flying non-stop from Faa'a International Airport in Papeete, Tahiti to Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport,[8] a distance of 15,715 kilometres (9,765 mi; 8,485 nmi) in a schedule duration of 16 hours, 20 minutes.[9] This route was operated from March to April 2020.

This route was previously operated with a refuelling stop at Los Angeles International Airport, where all passengers would disembark the aircraft and pass through U.S. Customs and Border Protection before reboarding and continuing to Paris. However, to comply with COVID-19 pandemic restrictions banning European travelers from entering the United States,[10] this service opted not to stop at Los Angeles during its flights in March–April 2020. The route was also made possible by the aircraft's reduced passenger load of about 150 passengers,[11] which eliminated the need to refuel. This route also set a record for the world's longest domestic passenger flight, as it flew between French territories.

An illustration of the great-circle route versus an optimized jetstream route between Los Angeles and Tokyo. Note the eastbound (to Los Angeles) route, opting to take a longer route (by ground distance) that uses the jetstream to save time and fuel.

By ground distance traveled[edit]

Routings may avoid great-circle routes, despite their shorter ground distance, in order to avoid headwinds and/or use tailwinds to save time and fuel, shortening the equivalent still-air distance.

Since November 9, 2020, the two longest flights (measured by ground distance traveled) are Singapore Airlines' flights SQ23 (second longest) and SQ24 (longest) between Singapore-Changi and New York–JFK in the U.S. Both of these flights have a geometrically optimal great-circle route near the North Pole of approximately 15,350 km (9,540 mi; 8,290 nmi). However, SQ24 to New York is typically flown a ground distance of around 17,250 km (10,720 mi; 9,310 nmi)[12] over the Pacific Ocean where jet streams can assist; while SQ23 back to Singapore sometimes opts, instead of the westward polar route, to fly a ground distance of 16,500 km (10,300 mi; 8,900 nmi)[13] eastward, across the Atlantic Ocean, when favorable jet streams winds are available to save both flying time and fuel.

Similarly, the two Air India flights from New Delhi to San Francisco, AI173[14] and AI183,[15] fly an eastward ground distance of about 15,110 km (9,390 mi; 8,160 nmi) over the Pacific Ocean instead of a shorter westward great-circle route of about 13,300 km (8,300 mi; 7,200 nmi) over the Atlantic Ocean, to avoid prevailing westerly headwinds and save almost two hours of flying time.[16] Both these flights can travel with some variation in ground distance, with a report of 15,300 km (9,500 mi; 8,300 nmi) for the first such flight in 2016,[17] and it is not unheard of for particular flights to cover more than 16,000 km (9,900 mi; 8,600 nmi).[18]

Cathay Pacific flights from Hong Kong to New York–JFK will also sometimes fly 15,000 km (9,300 mi; 8,100 nmi) ground routes, instead of a 12,984 km (8,068 mi; 7,011 nmi) great-circle route, for the same reason.[19]

History[edit]

The Pan Am Martin M-130 'Hawaii Clipper' that flew the first commercial transpacific flight

Since the first scheduled commercial passenger flight in 1914 that covered 34 kilometres (21 mi; 18 nmi),[20] records for the longest flight (by great-circle distance) were rapidly set and continue to be set today.

1930s[edit]

The longest non-stop commercial flights of the 1930s were operated by flying boats which were the predominant aircraft type of the time for long-range flight, in part as they didn't require large airports capable of receiving large aircraft.[21]

1940s and 1950s[edit]

PBY Catalina G-AGKS of the Double Sunrise service
  • June 29, 1943 (1943-06-29) – July 17, 1945 (1945-07-17): Qantas operated "The Double Sunrise", a weekly 5,652-kilometre (3,512 mi; 3,052 nmi) flight between Perth, Australia and Koggala in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) with average flight times of around 28 hours, using a Consolidated PBY Catalina.[35] The flight from Ceylon to Australia on Aug 30, 1943 remains the record holder for longest time airborne (for a commercial passenger flight) at 32 hours, 9 minutes.[36][37][38][39][40][41][42][note 1]
  • November 1952 (1952-11): Utilizing the recently better understood phenomenon of the Polar jet stream, Pan Am launched non-stop passenger service from Tokyo-Haneda to Honolulu aboard a Boeing 377 Stratocruiser, covering a great-circle distance of 6,202 kilometres (3,854 mi; 3,349 nmi) in 11 hours 30 minutes.[43][44] It would go on to be flown in as short as 9 hours 48 minutes.[45]
  • September 29, 1957 (1957-09-29): A Trans World Airlines Lockheed L-1649A Starliner, the ultimate piston-engine airliner in terms of range and endurance, flew the inaugural 8,780 kilometres (5,456 mi; 4,741 nmi) Los Angeles to London–Heathrow polar route in 18 hours and 32 minutes.[46]
  • October 2, 1957 (1957-10-02): Trans World Airlines' L-1649A, set the record for the longest-duration, non-stop passenger flight aboard a piston-powered airliner on the inaugural London–Heathrow to San Francisco Flight 801 where the aircraft, having encountered strong headwinds, stayed aloft for 23 hours and 19 minutes covering 8,638 kilometres (5,367 mi; 4,664 nmi).[47][48]
  • October 3, 1957 (1957-10-03): Trans World Airlines broke their own longest flight record with the launch of TW850's non-stop flight from San Francisco to Paris–Orly[49][50][51] covering 9,001 kilometres (5,593 mi; 4,860 nmi) in a scheduled flight time of 19 hours, 45 minutes.[52][53][54]

1960s and 1970s[edit]

An El Al Boeing 707 (4X-ATB) that flew the longest flight in 1961 between New York City and Tel Aviv
A Pan Am 747SP that operated the longest flight in 1976 between New York City and Tokyo
  • April 26, 1976 (1976-04-26): Using the newly launched Boeing 747SP, Pan American World Airways set a new record with its 10,899 kilometres (6,772 mi; 5,885 nmi) New York–JFK to Tokyo-Haneda route.[59][60]
  • December 12, 1976 (1976-12-12): Pan Am set another record with its 747SPs when it launched the first non-stop service between North America and Australia on its new route of Sydney–San Francisco, covering 11,937 kilometres (7,417 mi; 6,445 nmi) in a scheduled 13 hours 15 minutes.[61][62][63]

1980s and 1990s[edit]

  • November 4, 1982 (1982-11-04): Pan Am set a further record using a 747SP to launch its new non-stop route connecting Sydney to Los Angeles, covering 12,051 kilometres (7,488 mi; 6,507 nmi).[64][65][66]
South African Airways' first 747-400, that launched the longest non-stop flight in 1991 from New York City to Johannesburg
  • November 3, 1991 (1991-11-03): South African Airways sets a new record, using a Boeing 747-400 to connect New York–JFK to Johannesburg non-stop (eastbound): a distance of 12,824 kilometres (7,968 mi; 6,924 nmi).[67][68]

2000s[edit]

  • February 1, 2000 (2000-02-01): South African Airways set another record, connecting Atlanta to Johannesburg non-stop (eastbound) with a 747-400: a distance of 13,581 kilometres (8,439 mi; 7,333 nmi)[69][70][71]
  • March 1, 2001 (2001-03-01): With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, commercial overflights over Russia were now possible, allowing new circumpolar routes to come into use for airlines.[72] Continental Airlines launched a 12,980-kilometre (8,065 mi; 7,009 nmi) non-stop service from Newark to Hong Kong flying Boeing 777-200ER aircraft. This set a new distance record for a round trip route, flown non-stop in both directions. The duration of the non-stop flight exceeded 16 hours.[72]
  • April 1, 2001 (2001-04-01): Within a month, United Airlines started its own New York–JFK to Hong Kong service with Boeing 747-400 aircraft, adding 10 kilometers to the distance for a distance of 12,990 kilometres (8,072 mi; 7,014 nmi).[72]
  • June 28, 2004 (2004-06-28): Singapore Airlines introduced Flight SQ 21, using the Airbus A340-500 on a 15,344 kilometres (9,534 mi; 8,285 nmi) great-circle route from Newark to Singapore, passing within 130 kilometres (81 mi; 70 nmi) of the North Pole and taking a little under 18 hours.[73] The return flight SQ 22, then flew a record ground distance of 16,600 kilometres (10,315 mi; 8,963 nmi) back to Newark.[74] Despite the greater distance, SQ 22 averaged a slightly shorter 17 hours, 45 minutes because of prevailing high-altitude winds.[75][76]

2010s and 2020s[edit]

A Singapore Airlines A350-900ULR: one of only seven in the world. This plane is used on the currently-active, longest commercial flight from Singapore to New York JFK

In the late 2000s/early 2010s, rising fuel prices coupled with the Great Recession caused the cancellation of many ultra long-haul, non-stop flights.[77] This included the services provided by Singapore Airlines from Singapore to both Newark and Los Angeles that were ended in late 2013.[78][79] But, as fuel prices have since decreased and more fuel-efficient aircraft have come into service, many ultra long-haul routes were reinstated or newly-scheduled.[77]

Other record flights (non-scheduled)[edit]

Qantas 747-400 City of Canberra (VH-OJA) flew from London to Sydney non-stop during its 1989 promotional flight, flying 17,000 kilometers in about 20 hours.
Boeing 777-200LR (N6066Z) flew a demonstration flight from Hong Kong to London non-stop in 2005 in an unusual east-bound route, setting a new world record at the time for a commercial airliner at 21,602 kilometers covered in 22 hours 42 minutes.[87]

Promotional and delivery flights[edit]

A number of promotional or delivery flights have extended the record of longest non-stop flights by a commercial aircraft:

  • In August 1989, the first Qantas Boeing 747-400, VH-OJA, the City of Canberra, set a non-stop distance record for a commercial aircraft by flying 17,016 kilometres (10,573 mi; 9,188 nmi) between London and Sydney in 20 hours, 9 minutes. The purpose was to publicize the airline's "Longreach" services with the 747-400.[88]
  • This record held until June 16, 1993, when an Airbus A340-200, dubbed the World Ranger, flew from the Paris Air Show to Auckland, New Zealand, in 21 hours 32 minutes and back in 21 hours 46 minutes after a 5-hour layover. This was the first non-stop flight between Europe and New Zealand.[89] The 19,277 kilometres (11,978 mi; 10,409 nmi) leg from Paris to Auckland had 22 people on board. The aircraft had five center tanks.[90]
  • The record was extended in July 1997, when a Boeing 777-200ER flew 20,044 kilometres (12,455 mi; 10,823 nmi) from Seattle to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on delivery to Malaysia Airlines.[91]
  • The record was further extended on November 9, 2005, by a Boeing 777-200LR demonstrator aircraft. It traveled 21,602 kilometres (13,423 mi; 11,664 nmi) eastward from Hong Kong to London–Heathrow in 22 hours, 42 minutes as opposed to a normal westward routing for that sector, which is much shorter at 9,648 kilometres (5,995 mi; 5,210 nmi).[92][29] Eight pilots and twenty-seven passengers were on board.[93]

Non-scheduled commercial flights[edit]

  • On March 25, 2006, British Airways (BA) used a similar Boeing 777-200ER to fly the longest commercial non-stop flight with paying passengers, when chartered by UK Prime Minister Tony Blair and his entourage of staff and journalists to fly from meetings in Brussels, traveling non-stop to ensure their attendance at the closing ceremonies of the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne.[94] The flight, covering 17,157 kilometres (10,661 mi; 9,264 nmi) and lasting 18 hours, 45 minutes, included a BA staff of 20 to facilitate cockpit and cabin crew rotation during the flight.[94]
  • On March 28, 2021, a Comlux 787-8, registered P4-787, set a new record for the longest commercial non-stop flight with paying passengers. It flew a non-scheduled (chartered), non-stop flight between the nearly antipodal points of Seoul Incheon and Buenos Aires.[95][96] The flight departed at 12:47 local time on March 28 and arrived on March 28 at 21:26 local time, having covered a total of 19,483 kilometres (12,106 mi; 10,520 nmi) in 20 hours 19 minutes.[97][98]

Future routes[edit]

Scheduled services[edit]

New and soon to be launched non-stop flights with distances exceeding 12,776 kilometres (7,939 mi; 6,898 nmi), placing them on the top 30 list, have been announced:

From To Airline Flight number Distance Scheduled duration Aircraft First flight
United States San Francisco India Bengaluru Air India AI 176[99] 14,004 km (8,702 mi; 7,562 nmi) 17:45 777-200LR Oct 31, 2022[100]
United Airlines UA 152[101] 17:25 787-9 Mar 25, 2023[102]
United States Dallas/Fort Worth Australia Melbourne Qantas QF 22 14,472 km (8,992 mi; 7,814 nmi) 17:35 787-9 Dec 3, 2022[103][104]
South Africa Cape Town United States Atlanta Delta Air Lines DL 238 13,084 km (8,130 mi; 7,065 nmi) 16:10 A350-900 Dec 3, 2022[105]
India Bengaluru United States Seattle–Tacoma American Airlines AA 181 13,000 km (8,078 mi; 7,019 nmi) 16:50 787-9 Mar 26, 2023[106]
United States New York–JFK New Zealand Auckland Qantas QF 4 14,207 km (8,828 mi; 7,671 nmi) 17:30 787-9 June 14, 2023[107]

Envisioned services[edit]

  • According to a report published in September 2015, Miami International Airport (Florida) was in talks with EVA Air and China Airlines of Taiwan to launch before 2018 a non-stop 13,922 km (8,651 mi; 7,517 nmi) flight to Taipei.[108] In June 2016, a chartered China Airlines Boeing 777-300ER carrying Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen flew non-stop from Taipei to Miami before continuing to Panama. The airport director spoke with President Tsai about the opportunity for scheduled service between Miami and Taipei.[109] The airport has been actively pursuing a non-stop flight to East Asia since 2015. There are no non-stop passenger flights between Florida, the third-most populous state in the U.S., and East Asia.[110][111] In May 2017, the region's aviation department director predicted such a flight would happen within the next 24 months.[112] In November 2020, Starlux Airlines applied for rights to operate this Taipei – Miami route along with 14 others.[113] In May 2021, Starlux announced postponement of Transpacific flights to "end of 2022 or beginning of 2023".[114]
  • On August 25, 2017, Qantas announced "Project Sunrise" aiming to launch new ultra-long-haul non-stop "Kangaroo Routes" from Australia to major destinations including London, New York, and Paris.[115] On October 20, 2019, Qantas demonstrated the New York City to Sydney flight using a Boeing 787-9.[116] The flight took 19 hours, 15 minutes and the 49 people on the plane were staff and selected guests. In order to make the flight possible, the weight had to be precisely trimmed by limiting the number of passengers and cargo weight. Two months later, departing on November 14, 2019 and landing on November 15, Qantas demonstrated another "Project Sunrise" route using a 787-9 to fly from London–Heathrow to Sydney Airport non-stop with 52 passengers on board. The flight lasted 19 hours, 19 minutes and traveled a distance of 17,750 kilometres (11,029 mi; 9,584 nmi).[117] In December 2019, Qantas announced they had selected an Airbus A350-1000 (with some potential modifications) for Project Sunrise if the flights proceed.[118] The Airbus A350-1000 entered into service in February 2018 with a range of 16,100 kilometres (10,004 mi; 8,693 nmi)[119] and is capable of flying non-stop both Sydney – London and Sydney – New York City.[120][118]
  • In 2018, Turkish Airlines announced it was planning an Istanbul – Sydney route, a great-circle distance of 14,967 km (9,300 mi; 8,082 nmi) with their Boeing 787-9 Dreamliners.[121] Turkish Airlines' chairman stated in June 2022 that it is now evaluating using either A350-1000 or 777X aircraft for economical operation of this route.[122]
  • In 2020, El Al announced it was planning a Tel AvivMelbourne route, a great-circle distance of 13,736 km (8,535 mi; 7,417 nmi),[123] and has already tested it with an actual flight distance of 14,594 km (9,068 mi; 7,880 nmi).[124] The flight distance was longer because flights to and from Israel were not allowed to traverse Saudi Arabian airspace. As of July 2022, Saudi Arabia opened its airspace to all Israeli carriers for the first time,[125] thus enabling the theoretical operation of this route along the great-circle routing. In July 2022, El Al announced that they are looking to launch scheduled flights on this route "in the coming months".[126]
  • In February 2020, American Airlines announced flight AA180/181 between Seattle–Tacoma and Bengaluru, covering a great-circle distance of 13,000 km (8,078 mi; 7,019 nmi).[127] Its launch was announced for October 2020. American Airlines subsequently announced because of global travel restrictions amid the global COVID-19 pandemic it would be pushed back to October 2021. Further delayed launch dates for 2021 were subsequently announced, until American Airlines definitely stated it would not launch in 2021 and would instead launch in March 2022,[128][129] In January 2022, American Airlines announced that the service will start in October 2022 and started selling tickets,[130] before announcing in May 2022 that will not launch in 2022 either, stating: "We have paused the launch of scheduled service between Seattle and Bengaluru, India until summer 2023 [...] as this route requires flying through airspace currently involved in a military conflict, we postponed the flight out of an abundance of caution."[131] The airline has now confirmed that they will begin the service from March 26, 2023.[132]
  • In May 2021, Vietnam Airlines has received Vietnam Government approval[133] to use its A350-900 and 787-9 aircraft on multiple non-stop North American routes including the long routes of Ho Chi Minh City to New York–JFK, a great-circle distance of 14,307 km (8,890 mi; 7,725 nmi) and Ho Chi Minh City to Dallas-Fort Worth, a great-circle distance of 14,557 km (9,045 mi; 7,860 nmi).[134][133] In November 2021, Vietnam Airlines launched the first of such transpacific flights flying between Ho Chi Minh City and San Francisco.[135]
  • In April 2022, Delta Airlines' application to operate the triangle route of Atlanta-Johannesburg-Cape Town-Atlanta was approved by South African authorities,[136] Delta subsequently has announced their intention to start this service "later this year".[137] The Cape Town – Atlanta route will cover a great-circle distance of 13,084 km (8,130 mi; 7,065 nmi). Independently Delta continues to pursue launching an ATL-CPT nonstop route as well.[138] On 14 July 2022, the United States Department of Transportation approved Delta's application to start service between Cape Town and Atlanta, to begin within 90 days of 17 November 2022.[139] On 29 July 2022, Delta announced the commencement of ATL-CPT nonstop service, to begin on 17 December 2022.[140]
  • In September 2022, Air India announced it will be launching a new route between Mumbai and San Francisco (covering a distance of 13,529 km (8,407 mi; 7,305 nmi) ) using leased 777-200LR aircraft that "will be joining their fleet between December 2022 and March 2023".[141]

Services that never began[edit]

In August 2015, Emirates announced that non-stop flights between Dubai and Panama City, Panama would begin on 1 February 2016, covering 13,821 km (8,588 mi; 7,463 nmi)[142] in 17 hours, 35 minutes westbound. In January 2016, the start was postponed to 31 March 2016. In early March 2016, Emirates postponed the route until the end of 2016 or early 2017 or "as soon as conditions allow." Emirates latest public update on this route was in April 2018 where Emirates' CCO stated "We are still looking at Panama. We had some conversations recently with a delegation from Panama".[143] In 2015, it would have been the world's longest non-stop flight.

In July 2019, Qantas announced and began selling tickets for new non-stop flights between Brisbane and Chicago-O'Hare that would begin operation in April 2020 covering 14,325 km (8,901 mi; 7,735 nmi) in 16 hours, 20 minutes eastbound using a Boeing 787-9 aircraft. (Flight number QF 85 and 86 in reference to the Chicago Bears 1986 Super Bowl Championship team).[144][145] However, in March 2020, because of the COVID-19 pandemic Qantas announced it was delaying the route's launch to September 2020. In July 2020, as part of Australia's pandemic response, almost all international flights were canceled until March 2021, including this new route.[146] In January 2021, Qantas reopened its international flights for booking for 2021 and this new route was no longer included in their schedules for the foreseeable future/the rest of 2021. It would have been the world's fourth longest non-stop flight.

Airliners[edit]

The longest-range Airbus jetliner in service is the Airbus A350-900ULR, which is capable of flying 18,000 kilometres (11,000 mi; 9,700 nmi).[147][148] The A380 is capable of flying 15,200 kilometres (9,400 mi; 8,200 nmi) with 544 passengers. The standard A350-900 can fly 15,000 kilometres (9,300 mi; 8,100 nmi) with 325 passengers.

The longest-range Boeing airliner in service is the 777-200LR, which can cover 17,205 kilometres (10,691 mi; 9,290 nmi) with 314 passengers.[149] The announced Boeing 777-8 will be capable of flying 16,170 kilometres (10,050 mi; 8,730 nmi) with 350 to 375 passengers.[150] The Boeing 787-9 can fly 14,140 km (7,635 nmi) with 290 passengers.[151]

Many long-haul, non-stop routes that used to be uneconomical to operate are being made viable by the Airbus A330neo, the Airbus A350 XWB, and the Boeing 787 Dreamliner.[152]

Longest passenger flights[edit]

Non-stop flights (top 30, by great-circle distance)[edit]

The following table lists the world's longest non-stop scheduled passenger routes by great-circle distance. The actual distance flown, however, can be longer than the great-circle distance for a variety of reasons, such as avoiding severe weather, taking advantage of favorable winds aloft, detouring around closed airspace, and diverting around war zones.

For the purposes of this table, multiple flights operated by the same airline between the same airports are counted as one flight, while different airlines operating between the same airports are counted separately. Also, each airport pair is counted separately, even though some cities have multiple airports supporting long-range flights (e.g. Heathrow and Gatwick airports serving London, and Haneda and Narita serving Tokyo).

The table rows shaded in gray denote flights that are scheduled, but currently unticketable during a pause in operations in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Rank From To Airline Flight number Distance Scheduled

duration

Aircraft First flight
1 United States New York–JFK Singapore Singapore Singapore Airlines SQ 23 15,349 km (9,537 mi; 8,288 nmi) 18:50 A350-900ULR Nov 9, 2020[153]
2 United States Newark SQ 21 15,344 km (9,534 mi; 8,285 nmi) 18:45 A350-900ULR Mar 27, 2022[154][note 2]
3 Australia Perth United Kingdom London–Heathrow Qantas QF 9 14,499 km (9,009 mi; 7,829 nmi) 17:25 787-9 Mar 24, 2018[157][note 3]
4 United States New York–JFK New Zealand Auckland Air New Zealand NZ 1 14,207 km (8,828 mi; 7,671 nmi) 17:50[159] 787-9 Sep 17, 2022[160][161]
5 New Zealand Auckland United Arab Emirates Dubai Emirates EK 449 14,200 km (8,823 mi; 7,667 nmi) 17:10 777-200LR Mar 2, 2016
6 United States Los Angeles Singapore Singapore Singapore Airlines SQ 37, SQ 35 14,114 km (8,770 mi; 7,621 nmi) 17:50 A350-900[80] Nov 2, 2018[162][note 4]
7 United States Houston Australia Sydney United Airlines UA 101 13,834 km (8,596 mi; 7,470 nmi) 17:35 787-9 Jan 18, 2018[164]
8 United States Dallas/Fort Worth Qantas QF 8 13,804 km (8,577 mi; 7,454 nmi) 17:20 787-9[165] Sep 29, 2014[note 5][167][168]
9 Philippines Manila United States New York–JFK Philippine Airlines PR 126 13,712 km (8,520 mi; 7,404 nmi) 16:35 A350-900 Oct 29, 2018[169][note 6]
10 United States San Francisco Singapore Singapore United Airlines UA 1, UA 29 13,593 km (8,446 mi; 7,340 nmi) 17:25 787-9 Jun 1, 2016[171]
Singapore Airlines SQ 31, SQ 33 17:35 A350-900
A350-900ULR
Oct 23, 2016[172]
11 South Africa Johannesburg United States Atlanta Delta Air Lines DL 201 13,581 km (8,439 mi; 7,333 nmi) 16:20 A350-900 Aug 1, 2021[173][note 7]
12 United Arab Emirates Dubai United States Los Angeles Emirates EK 215 13,420 km (8,339 mi; 7,246 nmi) 16:20 A380-800 Oct 26, 2008[176]
13 Saudi Arabia Jeddah Saudia SV 41 13,409 km (8,332 mi; 7,240 nmi) 16:25 777-300ER Mar 31, 2014[177]
14 Qatar Doha Qatar Airways QR 739, QR 741 13,367 km (8,306 mi; 7,218 nmi) 16:25 A350-1000 Jan 1, 2016
15 Australia Perth Italy Rome–Fiumicino Qantas QF 5 13,354 km (8,298 mi; 7,211 nmi) 16:25 787-9 June 22, 2022[178][179]
16 India Hyderabad United States Chicago–O'Hare Air India AI 107 13,301 km (8,265 mi; 7,182 nmi) 16:45 777-200LR Jan 13, 2021[180]
17 Philippines Manila Canada Toronto Philippine Airlines PR 118 13,230 km (8,221 mi; 7,144 nmi) 16:05 A350-900 Feb 2, 2019[note 8]
18 United States Chicago–O'Hare New Zealand Auckland Air New Zealand NZ 27 13,170 km (8,183 mi; 7,111 nmi) 16:30 787-9 Nov 30, 2018[182]
19 United Arab Emirates Dubai United States Houston Emirates EK 211 13,144 km (8,167 mi; 7,097 nmi) 16:15 777-200LR Dec 3, 2007[183]
20 United Arab Emirates Dubai United States San Francisco Emirates EK 225 13,041 km (8,103 mi; 7,042 nmi) 16:00 A380-800 Dec 15, 2008[184]
21 Qatar Doha Qatar Airways QR 737 13,014 km (8,087 mi; 7,027 nmi) 15:40 A350-1000 Dec 15, 2020[185]
22 United States New York–JFK Hong Kong Hong Kong Cathay Pacific CX 831, CX 841, CX 843, CX 845 12,990 km (8,072 mi; 7,014 nmi) 16:15 A350-900
A350-1000
777-300ER
Jul 1, 2004[186][note 9]
23 United States Seattle Singapore Singapore Singapore Airlines SQ 27 12,988 km (8,070 mi; 7,013 nmi) 16:10 A350-900 Jun 2, 2022[188][note 10]
24 United States Newark Hong Kong Hong Kong United Airlines UA 179 12,980 km (8,065 mi; 7,009 nmi) 16:00 777-200ER Mar 1, 2001[189]
25 Qatar Doha United States Houston Qatar Airways QR 713 12,952 km (8,048 mi; 6,994 nmi) 16:15 A350-1000 Mar 31, 2009[190]
26 United Arab Emirates Dubai United States Dallas/Fort Worth Emirates EK 221 12,940 km (8,041 mi; 6,987 nmi) 16:15 777-200LR Feb 2, 2012[191]
27 South Africa Johannesburg United States Newark United Airlines UA 187 12,858 km (7,990 mi; 6,943 nmi) 15:45 787-9 June 3, 2021[192]
28 United States Boston Hong Kong Hong Kong Cathay Pacific CX 811 12,826 km (7,970 mi; 6,925 nmi) 16:55 A350-1000 May 3, 2015[193]
29 Canada Vancouver Singapore Singapore Singapore Airlines SQ 47 12,821 km (7,967 mi; 6,923 nmi) 16:05 A350-900 Dec 2, 2021[194]
30 United States Houston Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan EVA Air BR 51 12,776 km (7,939 mi; 6,898 nmi) 16:30 777-300ER Jun 20, 2015[195]

Direct flights with stops[edit]

An illustration of a San Francisco to Singapore "non-stop" flight (green) versus a "direct" flight (purple)

A direct flight between an origin and final destination has an intermediate stop, with all segments having the same flight number and using the same aircraft.[196] In the following table, the "Origin – Destination" column lists the great-circle distance between the origin and final destination, excluding the stop. The "All Sectors" column lists the total great-circle distance from the origin to the stop to the final destination.

Rank Origin Stop Destination Airline Flight number Origin – Destination All sectors Scheduled

duration

Aircraft
1 Australia Sydney Singapore Singapore United Kingdom London–Heathrow British Airways BA 16 17,016 km (10,573 mi; 9,188 nmi) 17,176 km (10,673 mi; 9,274 nmi) 22:00 787-9
Qantas QF 1 22:15 A380-800[165]
2 Australia Melbourne Australia Perth QF 9 16,904 km (10,504 mi; 9,127 nmi) 17,205 km (10,691 mi; 9,290 nmi) 23:05 787-9
3 Australia Sydney Italy Rome–Fiumicino QF 5[179] 16,342 km (10,154 mi; 8,824 nmi) 16,638 km (10,338 mi; 8,984 nmi) 22:50
4 Singapore Singapore United Kingdom Manchester, UK United States Houston Singapore Airlines SQ 52 15,981 km (9,930 mi; 8,629 nmi) 18,545 km (11,523 mi; 10,013 nmi) 24:45 A350-900
5 France Paris–Orly United States San Francisco French Polynesia Papeete French Bee BF 710 15,728 km (9,773 mi; 8,492 nmi) 15,742 km (9,782 mi; 8,500 nmi) 19:55
6 France Paris–CDG United States Los Angeles Air Tahiti Nui TN 7 15,715 km (9,765 mi; 8,485 nmi) 15,715 km (9,765 mi; 8,485 nmi) 19:55 787-9
Air France AF 76 20:40 777-200ER
7 Singapore Singapore Germany Frankfurt United States New York–JFK Singapore Airlines SQ 26 15,348 km (9,537 mi; 8,287 nmi) 16,488 km (10,245 mi; 8,903 nmi) 22:20 A380-800
8 New Zealand Auckland Australia Adelaide Qatar Doha Qatar Airways QR 915 14,535 km (9,032 mi; 7,848 nmi) 14,572 km (9,055 mi; 7,868 nmi) 20:15 777-300ER
9 United Arab Emirates Dubai Spain Barcelona Mexico Mexico City Emirates EK 255 14,345 km (8,914 mi; 7,746 nmi) 14,680 km (9,122 mi; 7,927 nmi) 20:20 777-200LR
10 New Zealand Auckland Malaysia Kuala Lumpur United Arab Emirates Dubai EK 449 14,200 km (8,823 mi; 7,667 nmi) 14,253 km (8,856 mi; 7,696 nmi) 18:00 777-300ER
11 United States Los Angeles Japan Tokyo–Narita Singapore Singapore Singapore Airlines SQ 11 14,113 km (8,769 mi; 7,620 nmi) 14,122 km (8,775 mi; 7,625 nmi) 19:25
12 New Zealand Christchurch Australia Sydney United Arab Emirates Dubai Emirates EK 413 14,050 km (8,730 mi; 7,586 nmi) 14,168 km (8,804 mi; 7,650 nmi) 17:50 A380-800
13 United States San Francisco Hong Kong Hong Kong Singapore Singapore Singapore Airlines SQ 1 13,593 km (8,446 mi; 7,340 nmi) 13,702 km (8,514 mi; 7,398 nmi) 19:10 777-300ER

Discontinued non-stop flights[edit]

Rank From To Airline Flight number Distance Scheduled

duration

Aircraft Final flight
1 French Polynesia Papeete France Paris–CDG Air Tahiti Nui TN 64 15,715 km (9,765 mi; 8,485 nmi) 16:20 787-9 Apr 19, 2020[197][198]
2 New Zealand Auckland Qatar Doha Qatar Airways QR 921 14,535 km (9,032 mi; 7,848 nmi) 18:05 777-200LR Apr 19, 2020[199]
3 United States San Francisco India Bengaluru Air India AI 176 14,004 km (8,702 mi; 7,562 nmi) 17:45 777-200LR March 26, 2022[200][201][202]
4 United States New York–JFK Thailand Bangkok Thai Airways TG 793 13,965 km (8,677 mi; 7,540 nmi) 17:45 A340-500
A340-600
Jul 1, 2008[203]
5 Australia Darwin United Kingdom London–Heathrow Qantas QF 1 13,872 km (8,620 mi; 7,490 nmi) 17:25 A380-800
787-9
Jun 18, 2022[204]
6 India Mumbai United States Atlanta Delta Air Lines DL 185 13,696 km (8,510 mi; 7,395 nmi) 17:55 777-200LR Oct 21, 2009[205][note 11]
7 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi United States Los Angeles Etihad Airways EY 171 13,502 km (8,390 mi; 7,290 nmi) 16:40 777-200LR
777-300ER
A340-500
Apr 20, 2020
8 United States Dallas/Fort Worth Australia Brisbane Qantas QF 8 13,364 km (8,304 mi; 7,216 nmi) 16:05 747-400ER Sep 28, 2014[note 12]
9 United States Los Angeles Thailand Bangkok Thai Airways TG 795 13,309 km (8,270 mi; 7,186 nmi) 17:20 A340-500
A340-600
Apr 30, 2012
10 Canada Vancouver Australia Melbourne Air Canada AC 37 13,183 km (8,192 mi; 7,118 nmi) 16:20 787-9 Mar 27, 2020[208][209]
11 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi United States San Francisco Etihad Airways EY 183 13,129 km (8,158 mi; 7,089 nmi) 16:00 777-200LR Oct 28, 2017
12 United States Washington–Dulles Hong Kong Hong Kong Cathay Pacific CX 861 13,121 km (8,153 mi; 7,085 nmi) 15:55 A350-1000 Feb 14, 2020[210]
13 South Africa Johannesburg United States Washington–Dulles South African Airways SA 208 13,091 km (8,134 mi; 7,069 nmi) 17:00 A340-600 Apr 30, 2009[211]
14 United States Dallas/Fort Worth Hong Kong Hong Kong American Airlines AA 125 13,072 km (8,123 mi; 7,058 nmi) 16:50 777-300ER Jul 13, 2020
15 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi United States Dallas/Fort Worth Etihad Airways EY 161 12,990 km (8,072 mi; 7,014 nmi) 16:30 777-200LR Mar 24, 2018[212][213]
16 China Shanghai–Pudong Mexico Mexico City Aeroméxico AM 99 12,916 km (8,026 mi; 6,974 nmi) 15:10 787-8
787-9
Dec 14, 2019
17 United States New York–JFK China Guangzhou China Southern CZ 300 12,878 km (8,002 mi; 6,954 nmi) 16:00 787-9 Jul 31, 2021[214][215]
18 South Africa Johannesburg United States New York–JFK South African Airways SA 203 12,824 km (7,968 mi; 6,924 nmi) 16:00 A340-600
A350-900
Mar 19, 2020[216]
19 United States Detroit Hong Kong Hong Kong Delta Air Lines DL 187 12,645 km (7,857 mi; 6,828 nmi) 15:45 777-200LR Aug 30, 2012[217]
20 United Arab Emirates Dubai United States Fort Lauderdale Emirates EK 213 12,594 km (7,826 mi; 6,800 nmi) 15:50 777-200LR Mar 12, 2020[note 13]
21 India Mumbai United States New York–JFK Air India
Delta Air Lines
AI 105
DL 25
12,570 km (7,811 mi; 6,787 nmi) 16:15 777-200LR Mar 15, 2019[218]
Mar 17, 2020
22 United States Chicago–O'Hare Hong Kong Hong Kong/Kowloon United Airlines UA 895 12,534 km (7,788 mi; 6,768 nmi) 15:50 747-400 Jul 5, 1998[219][note 14]
23 United States New York–JFK China Fuzhou Xiamen Airlines MF 850 12,505 km (7,770 mi; 6,752 nmi) 15:30 787-9 Mar 27, 2020
24 United States Atlanta China Shanghai–Pudong Delta Air Lines DL 185 12,326 km (7,659 mi; 6,656 nmi) 16:07 777-200ER
777-200LR
Jan 30, 2020
25 United Arab Emirates Dubai United States Atlanta Delta Air Lines DL 7 12,230 km (7,599 mi; 6,604 nmi) 15:45 777-200LR Feb 11, 2016[220]
26 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos Etihad Airways EY 191 12,122 km (7,532 mi; 6,545 nmi) 15:00 777-200LR
777-300ER
A340-500
A340-600
Mar 25, 2017[221]
27 United States Minneapolis/Saint Paul Hong Kong Hong Kong/Kowloon Northwest Airlines NW 97 12,062 km (7,495 mi; 6,513 nmi) 15:00 747-400 Jul 5, 1998[222]

Longest passenger flights (by aircraft type)[edit]

The sections below gives two separate views. The first one lists all the commercial passenger aircraft types and their currently scheduled and operating longest non-stop flight. The second section lists the longest non-stop flight ever regularly scheduled and operated by that commercial passenger aircraft type.

Current[edit]

The table below lists the current longest (by great-circle distance) non-stop flights operated by different types of aircraft.

Aircraft Type Origin Destination Distance Scheduled

duration

Airline Flight
Airbus A220-100 Jetliner United States Washington Dulles United States Seattle/Tacoma 3,710 km (2,305 mi; 2,003 nmi) 5:56 Delta Air Lines DL 1096[223]
Airbus A220-300 Jetliner India Chennai Réunion Réunion 4,618 km (2,869 mi; 2,494 nmi) 6:10 Air Austral UU 738[223]
Airbus A300-600 Jetliner Turkey Istanbul Iran Tehran 2,058 km (1,279 mi; 1,111 nmi) 3:05 Iran Air IR 718 IR 768
Airbus A310 Jetliner Italy Rome-Fiumicino Iran Tehran 3,431 km (2,132 mi; 1,853 nmi) 4:50 Iran Air IR 738
Airbus A318 Jetliner Romania Bucharest United Kingdom London–Heathrow 2,110 km (1,311 mi; 1,139 nmi) 3:45 TAROM RO 391
Airbus A319 Jetliner Russia Khabarovsk Russia Yekaterinburg 4,862 km (3,021 mi; 2,625 nmi) 7:05 Ural Airlines U6 174
Airbus A320 Jetliner Russia Moscow–Domodedovo Russia Chita 4,744 km (2,948 mi; 2,562 nmi) 5:50 Ural Airlines U6 93
Airbus A320neo Jetliner Russia Moscow–Domodedovo Russia Blagoveshchensk 5,620 km (3,492 mi; 3,035 nmi) 7:20 Ural Airlines U6 349
Airbus A321 Jetliner United States Boston United States San Francisco 4,352 km (2,704 mi; 2,350 nmi) 7:00 JetBlue B6 33/133/333/633/1833
Airbus A321neo Jetliner Italy Milan–Malpensa United States Newark 6,453 km (4,010 mi; 3,484 nmi) 9:10 La Compagnie B0 300
Airbus A330-200 Jetliner United States Los Angeles Australia Brisbane 11,525 km (7,161 mi; 6,223 nmi) 14:20 Qantas QF 16
Airbus A330-300 Jetliner Mauritius Mauritius Germany Frankfurt 9,177 km (5,702 mi; 4,955 nmi) 11:50 Eurowings Discover 4Y 153
Airbus A330-800 Jetliner United Arab Emirates Dubai Uganda Entebbe 3,723 km (2,313 mi; 2,010 nmi) 5:30 Uganda Airlines UR 445
Airbus A330-900 Jetliner Mauritius Mauritius United Kingdom London–Heathrow 9,765 km (6,068 mi; 5,273 nmi) 12:00 Air Mauritius MK 53
Airbus A340-300 Jetliner Singapore Singapore Germany Frankfurt 10,281 km (6,388 mi; 5,551 nmi) 13:25 Lufthansa LH 779
Airbus A340-600 Jetliner Iran Tehran Venezuela Caracas 11,772 km (7,315 mi; 6,356 nmi) 13:30 Conviasa V0 730[224]
Airbus A350-900 Jetliner United States Los Angeles Singapore Singapore 14,114 km (8,770 mi; 7,621 nmi) 17:50 Singapore Airlines SQ 37
Airbus A350-900ULR Jetliner United States New York–JFK Singapore Singapore 15,349 km (9,537 mi; 8,288 nmi) 18:40 Singapore Airlines SQ 23
Airbus A350-1000 Jetliner Qatar Doha United States Los Angeles 13,367 km (8,306 mi; 7,218 nmi) 16:00 Qatar Airways QR 739/741
Airbus A380 Jetliner United Arab Emirates Dubai United States Los Angeles 13,420 km (8,339 mi; 7,246 nmi) 16:20 Emirates EK 215
ATR 42 Turboprop French Polynesia Totegegie French Polynesia Papeete 1,655 km (1,028 mi; 894 nmi) 4:00 Air Tahiti VT 951/953/954/955
ATR 72 Turboprop Russia Volgograd Russia Tyumen 1,680 km (1,044 mi; 907 nmi) 3:50 Utair UT 207
Boeing 737-200 Jetliner Canada Yellowknife Canada Resolute 1,560 km (969 mi; 842 nmi) 2:35 Canadian North (charter) MPE 9201
Boeing 737-300 Jetliner Canada Edmonton United States West Palm Beach 4,047 km (2,515 mi; 2,185 nmi) 5:35 Canadian North (charter) MPE 9750
Boeing 737-500 Jetliner Canada Ottawa Canada Yellowknife 3,108 km (1,931 mi; 1,678 nmi) 4:40 Air North 4N 842
Boeing 737-600 Jetliner Algeria Algiers Senegal Dakar 3,163 km (1,965 mi; 1,708 nmi) 4:55 Air Algérie AH 5010
Boeing 737-700 Jetliner Russia Yakutsk Russia Moscow–Vnukovo 4,926 km (3,061 mi; 2,660 nmi) 7:00 Yakutia R3 473/479
Boeing 737-800 Jetliner Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza Panama Panama City 5,331 km (3,313 mi; 2,879 nmi) 7:24 Copa Airlines CM 364
Boeing 737-900 Jetliner Israel Tel Aviv Netherlands Amsterdam 3,315 km (2,060 mi; 1,790 nmi) 5:00 KLM KL 462
Boeing 737-900ER Jetliner United States Chicago–O'Hare United States Anchorage 4,580 km (2,846 mi; 2,473 nmi) 6:38 Alaska Airlines AS 353, AS 542
Boeing 737 MAX 8 Jetliner Brazil Brasília United States Orlando 6,079 km (3,777 mi; 3,282 nmi) 8:20 Gol Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes G3 7602
Boeing 737 MAX 9 Jetliner Panama Panama City Uruguay Montevideo 5,447 km (3,385 mi; 2,941 nmi) 7:35 Copa Airlines CM 283, CM 368
Boeing 747-400 Jetliner Germany Frankfurt United States Seattle/Tacoma 8,222 km (5,109 mi; 4,440 nmi) 10:10 Lufthansa LH 490
Boeing 747-8 Jetliner Germany Frankfurt Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza 11,477 km (7,131 mi; 6,197 nmi) 13:50 Lufthansa LH 510
Boeing 757-200 Jetliner Iceland Reykjavik United States Portland 6,016 km (3,738 mi; 3,248 nmi) 8:00 Icelandair FI 665
Boeing 757-300 Jetliner Iceland Reykjavik United States Chicago–O'Hare 4,738 km (2,944 mi; 2,558 nmi) 6:35 Icelandair FI 853
Boeing 767-200 Jetliner United States Miami Nicaragua Managua 1,637 km (1,017 mi; 884 nmi) 2:45 Eastern Airlines 2D 191
Boeing 767-200ER Jetliner Russia Anadyr Ugolny Russia Moscow–Vnukovo 6,241 km (3,878 mi; 3,370 nmi) 8:25 Utair UT 534
Boeing 767-300 Jetliner United States Miami Paraguay Asunción 6,155 km (3,825 mi; 3,323 nmi) 8:00 Eastern Airlines 2D 161
Boeing 767-300ER Jetliner Germany Frankfurt United States Los Angeles 9,344 km (5,806 mi; 5,045 nmi) 12:35 Condor DE 2080
Boeing 767-400ER Jetliner Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza United States Atlanta 8,045 km (4,999 mi; 4,344 nmi) 10:35 Delta Air Lines DL 110
Boeing 777-200 Jetliner United States Houston United States Honolulu 6,282 km (3,903 mi; 3,392 nmi) 8:08 United Airlines UA 253
Boeing 777-200ER Jetliner Israel Tel Aviv United States San Francisco 11,944 km (7,422 mi; 6,449 nmi) 15:05 United Airlines UA 955
Boeing 777-200LR Jetliner United Arab Emirates Dubai United States Houston 13,145 km (8,168 mi; 7,098 nmi) 16:15 Emirates EK 211
Boeing 777-300 Jetliner Russia Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Russia Moscow–Sheremetyevo 6,662 km (4,140 mi; 3,597 nmi) 8:40 Rossiya Airlines SU 6284
Boeing 777-300ER Jetliner Saudi Arabia Jeddah United States Los Angeles 13,409 km (8,332 mi; 7,240 nmi) 16:25 Saudia SV 41
Boeing 787-8 Jetliner United States Chicago–O'Hare Ethiopia Addis Ababa 12,194 km (7,577 mi; 6,584 nmi) 13:45 Ethiopian Airlines ET 575
Boeing 787-9 Jetliner Australia Perth United Kingdom London–Heathrow 14,499 km (9,009 mi; 7,829 nmi) 17:25 Qantas QF 9
Boeing 787-10 Jetliner Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan France Paris–CDG 9,805 km (6,093 mi; 5,294 nmi) 13:50 EVA Air BR 87[225]
Bombardier CRJ-200 Jetliner United States Denver United States Santa Rosa 1,572 km (977 mi; 849 nmi) 3:11 United Airlines UA 5805
Bombardier CRJ-700 Jetliner United States Chicago–O'Hare United States Salt Lake City 2,011 km (1,250 mi; 1,086 nmi) 3:38 American Eagle
(opby SkyWest Airlines)
AA 3196
Bombardier CRJ-900 Jetliner South Africa Johannesburg Uganda Entebbe 2,931 km (1,821 mi; 1,583 nmi) 4:15 Uganda Airlines UR 711
Embraer ERJ-140 Jetliner United States New York–LaGuardia United States Memphis 1,550 km (963 mi; 837 nmi) 3:00 American Airlines AA 3473
Embraer ERJ-145 Jetliner United States Denver United States Knoxville 1,870 km (1,162 mi; 1,010 nmi) 3:20 United Airlines AA 4760
Embraer E170 Jetliner Russia Novosibirsk Russia Voronezh 2,858 km (1,776 mi; 1,543 nmi) 4:45 S7 Airlines S7 5049
Embraer E175 Jetliner United States Washington–Dulles United States Bozeman 2,854 km (1,773 mi; 1,541 nmi) 4:46 United Express
(opby Mesa Airlines)
UA 6225
Embraer E190 Jetliner Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena South Africa Johannesburg 3,685 km (2,290 mi; 1,990 nmi) 4:45 Airlink 4Z 132
Embraer E190-E2 Jetliner Norway Bergen Spain Alicante 2,481 km (1,542 mi; 1,340 nmi) 3:40 Widerøe WF 222
Embraer E195-E2 Jetliner Spain Gran Canaria Italy Venice 3,126 km (1,942 mi; 1,688 nmi) 4:15 Binter Canarias NT 9400
Fairchild Dornier 328JET Jetliner United States Atlanta–Peachtree United States Cincinnati–Lunken 580 km (360 mi; 313 nmi) 1:06 Ultimate Air Shuttle P1 433
Fokker 100 Jetliner Australia Adelaide Australia Perth 2,120 km (1,317 mi; 1,145 nmi) 3:25 Virgin Australia VA 715/717/719
Ilyushin Il-96 Jetliner Cuba Havana France Paris–Orly 7,752 km (4,817 mi; 4,186 nmi) 9:30 Cubana de Aviación CU 444

Records[edit]

The table below lists the longest (by great-circle distance) regularly scheduled non-stop revenue flights ever operated by different types of aircraft. The table does not include special promotional or delivery flights, such as shown above.

Aircraft Type Origin Destination Distance Scheduled

duration

Airline Flight number
Airbus A220-100 Jetliner United States Washington–Dulles United States Seattle/Tacoma 3,710 km (2,305 mi; 2,003 nmi) 5:57 Delta Air Lines DL 1087[223]
Airbus A220-300 Jetliner India Chennai Réunion Réunion 4,618 km (2,869 mi; 2,494 nmi) 6:10 Air Austral UU 738[223]
Airbus A300-600 Jetliner Senegal Dakar-Senghor United States New York–JFK 6,125 km (3,806 mi; 3,307 nmi) 7:35 Air Afrique RK 531, 541, 551, 571[note 15]
Airbus A310 Jetliner Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza United States New York–JFK 8,500 km (5,282 mi; 4,590 nmi) 11:05 Aerolineas Argentinas AR 1300
Airbus A318 Jetliner United States New York–JFK United Kingdom London–City 5,569 km (3,460 mi; 3,007 nmi) 7:30 British Airways BA 2, BA 4
Airbus A319 Jetliner Russia Khabarovsk Russia Yekaterinburg 4,862 km (3,021 mi; 2,625 nmi) 7:05 Ural Airlines U6 174
Airbus A319LR Jetliner Germany Düsseldorf United States Chicago–O'Hare 6,808 km (4,230 mi; 3,676 nmi) 9:15 Lufthansa LH 436[226][227]
Airbus A320neo Jetliner Australia Melbourne Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 5,646 km (3,508 mi; 3,049 nmi) 7:10 Royal Brunei Airlines RB 6
Airbus A321 Jetliner Iceland Reykjavik United States St. Louis 5,151 km (3,201 mi; 2,781 nmi) 7:15 WOW Air WW 167[228]
Airbus A321neo Jetliner Philippines Manila Australia Melbourne 6,339 km (3,939 mi; 3,423 nmi) 8:30 Philippine Airlines PR 210
Airbus A321LR Jetliner United States Oakland Portugal Terceira 7,874 km (4,892 mi; 4,251 nmi) 9:49 Azores Airlines S4 236[229]
Airbus A330-200 Jetliner United States Los Angeles Australia Melbourne 12,778 km (7,940 mi; 6,900 nmi) 15:50 Qantas QF 94
Airbus A330-300 Jetliner India Mumbai Australia Sydney 10,152 km (6,308 mi; 5,482 nmi) 11:15 Qantas QF 124
Airbus A340-200 Jetliner Venezuela Caracas Iran Tehran 11,772 km (7,315 mi; 6,356 nmi) 13:45 Conviasa V0 729
Airbus A340-300 Jetliner United States New York–JFK South Africa Johannesburg 12,824 km (7,968 mi; 6,924 nmi) 15:20 South African Airways SA 204
Airbus A340-500 Jetliner United States Newark Singapore Singapore 15,345 km (9,535 mi; 8,286 nmi) 18:50 Singapore Airlines SQ 21
Airbus A340-600 Jetliner United States New York–JFK Thailand Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 13,963 km (8,676 mi; 7,539 nmi) 17:45 Thai Airways TG 790
Airbus A350-900 Jetliner Singapore Singapore 15,349 km (9,537 mi; 8,288 nmi) 18:40 Singapore Airlines SQ 23
Airbus A350-900ULR Jetliner Singapore Singapore 15,349 km (9,537 mi; 8,288 nmi) 18:40 Singapore Airlines SQ 23
Airbus A350-1000 Jetliner Qatar Doha United States Los Angeles 13,367 km (8,306 mi; 7,218 nmi) 16:00 Qatar Airways QR 739
Airbus A380 Jetliner New Zealand Auckland United Arab Emirates Dubai 14,203 km (8,825 mi; 7,669 nmi) 17:15 Emirates EK 449
Boeing BBJ1 Jetliner Netherlands Amsterdam United States Houston 8,058 km (5,007 mi; 4,351 nmi) 10:40 KLM KL 663[230]
Boeing BBJ2 Jetliner Switzerland Zurich United States Newark 6,349 km (3,945 mi; 3,428 nmi) 8:50 Swiss LX 18[231][232]
Boeing 727-100 Jetliner United States New York–JFK United States Los Angeles 3,983 km (2,475 mi; 2,151 nmi) 6:00 MGM Grand Air MG 300[233]
Boeing 737-200 Jetliner RussiaYuzhno-Sakhalinsk China Beijing–Capital 2,229 km (1,385 mi; 1,204 nmi) 3:50 SAT Airlines HZ 171
Boeing 737-400 Jetliner India Mumbai Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 3,623 km (2,251 mi; 1,956 nmi) 5:20 Malaysia Airlines MH 152
Boeing 737-700 Jetliner Uruguay Montevideo Panama Panama City 5,447 km (3,385 mi; 2,941 nmi) 7:25 Copa Airlines CM 782[234]
Boeing 737-800 Jetliner Brazil Brasília United States Orlando 6,079 km (3,777 mi; 3,282 nmi) 7:50 Gol Transportes Aéreos G3 7602
Boeing 737-900 Jetliner United States Miami United States Seattle/Tacoma 4,384 km (2,724 mi; 2,367 nmi) 6:57 Alaska Airlines AS 17[235][236]
Boeing 737-900ER Jetliner Turkey Istanbul Tanzania Dar es Salaam 5,438 km (3,379 mi; 2,936 nmi) 7:05 Turkish Airlines TK 604
Boeing 737 MAX 8 Jetliner Brazil Brasília United States Orlando 6,079 km (3,777 mi; 3,282 nmi) 8:20 Gol Transportes Aéreos G3 7602
Boeing 737 MAX 9 Jetliner Iceland Reykjavik United States Seattle/Tacoma 5,830 km (3,623 mi; 3,148 nmi) 7:50 Icelandair FI 681
Boeing 747SP Jetliner Australia Sydney United States Los Angeles 12,051 km (7,488 mi; 6,507 nmi) 14:25 Pan Am PA 816[237]
Boeing 747-200 Jetliner Japan Tokyo–Narita United States New York–JFK 10,854 km (6,744 mi; 5,861 nmi) 12:45 Japan Airlines JL 6[238]
Boeing 747-300 Jetliner Hong Kong Hong Kong/Kowloon United States San Francisco 11,127 km (6,914 mi; 6,008 nmi) 11:00 Singapore Airlines SQ 1[239]
Boeing 747-400 Jetliner United States New York–JFK Hong Kong Hong Kong 12,983 km (8,067 mi; 7,010 nmi) 15:50 United Airlines UA 821
Boeing 747-400D Jetliner Japan Tokyo—Haneda Japan Okinawa-Naha 1,554 km (966 mi; 839 nmi) 2:50 All Nippon Airways NH 127
Boeing 747-400ER Jetliner Australia Sydney United States Dallas/Fort Worth 13,804 km (8,577 mi; 7,454 nmi) 15:25 Qantas QF 7
Boeing 747-8 Jetliner South Korea Seoul–Incheon United States Atlanta 11,510 km (7,152 mi; 6,215 nmi) 13:05 Korean Air KE 35
Boeing 757-200 Jetliner Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza Mexico Mexico City 7,378 km (4,584 mi; 3,984 nmi) 9:50 Mexicana Airlines MX 1690
Boeing 757-300 Jetliner United States Denver United States Honolulu 5,415 km (3,365 mi; 2,924 nmi) 7:30 United Airlines UA 328[240]
Boeing 767-300ER Jetliner Canada Toronto Japan Tokyo–Narita 10,323 km (6,414 mi; 5,574 nmi) 14:58 Air Canada AC 1
Boeing 767-400ER Jetliner Germany Munich United States Houston 8,718 km (5,417 mi; 4,707 nmi) 11:30 United Airlines UA 105
Boeing 777-200 Jetliner Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos United States Chicago–O'Hare 8,404 km (5,222 mi; 4,538 nmi) 10:15 United Airlines UA 845
Boeing 777-200ER Jetliner United States Newark Hong Kong Hong Kong 12,980 km (8,065 mi; 7,009 nmi) 15:30 to 15:50 Continental Airlines
United Airlines
CO 98
UA 179
Boeing 777-200LR Jetliner New Zealand Auckland Qatar Doha 14,535 km (9,032 mi; 7,848 nmi) 17:40 Qatar Airways QR 921
Boeing 777-300 Jetliner Russia Moscow–Vnukovo United States Los Angeles 9,817 km (6,100 mi; 5,301 nmi) 14:35 Transaero UN 557
Boeing 777-300ER Jetliner New Zealand Auckland United Arab Emirates Dubai 14,200 km (8,823 mi; 7,667 nmi) 17:25 Emirates EK 449
Boeing 787-8 Jetliner Mexico Mexico City China Shanghai–Pudong 12,917 km (8,026 mi; 6,975 nmi) 16:40 Aeromexico AM 97/99
Boeing 787-9 Jetliner French Polynesia Papeete France Paris–CDG 15,715 km (9,765 mi; 8,485 nmi) 16:20 Air Tahiti Nui TN 64
Boeing 787-10 Jetliner South Africa Johannesburg United States Newark 12,858 km (7,990 mi; 6,943 nmi) 15:50 United Airlines UA 187
Bombardier CRJ-200 Jetliner Canada Calgary United States Houston 2,813 km (1,748 mi; 1,519 nmi) 3:54 Air Canada AC 8103
Bombardier CRJ-700 Jetliner United States Atlanta United States Tucson 2,480 km (1,541 mi; 1,339 nmi) 4:45 Delta Air Lines
(opby SkyWest Airlines)
DL 1976
Bombardier CRJ-900 Jetliner South Africa Johannesburg Uganda Entebbe 2,931 km (1,821 mi; 1,583 nmi) 4:15 Uganda Airlines UR 711
Consolidated PBY Catalina Seaplane Australia Nedlands British Ceylon Koggala 5,625 km (3,495 mi; 3,037 nmi) 27:15-32:09[241][242] Qantas 1Q / 2Q[243][note 16]
Concorde Super Sonic Transport Singapore Singapore BahrainBahrain[244] 6,332 km (3,935 mi; 3,419 nmi) 4:25 Singapore Airlines SQ 301, SQ 17[245]
Embraer ERJ-145 Jetliner United States Los Angeles Mexico Acapulco 2,665 km (1,656 mi; 1,439 nmi) 4:00 Delta Air Lines
Embraer E170 Jetliner United States Newark United States Oklahoma City 2,132 km (1,325 mi; 1,151 nmi) 3:38 United Airlines UA 3532
Embraer E175 Jetliner United States Washington–Dulles United States Bozeman 2,854 km (1,773 mi; 1,541 nmi) 4:46 United Express
(opby Mesa Airlines)
UA 6225
Embraer E190 Jetliner Nigeria Lagos Kenya Nairobi 3,835 km (2,383 mi; 2,071 nmi) 5:00 Kenya Airways KQ 533, KQ 535
Embraer E190-E2 Jetliner Norway Bergen Cyprus Larnaca 3,486 km (2,166 mi; 1,882 nmi) 4:23 Widerøe WF 7700
Lockheed Constellation L-1649A Propliner United States San Francisco France Paris–Orly 9,001 km (5,593 mi; 4,860 nmi) 19:45 Trans World Airlines TW 850[49][54]
Tupolev Tu-114D Propliner Soviet Union Murmansk Cuba Havana 8,592 km (5,339 mi; 4,639 nmi) 14:00-15:00[246] Aeroflot SU 047[247][248]
Tupolev Tu-204-300 Jetliner Russia Vladivostok Russia Moscow–Vnukovo 6,452 km (4,009 mi; 3,484 nmi) 8:50 Vladivostok Air XF 459[249]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Note The "Double Sunrise" route continued to be operated from July 18, 1945 until April 6, 1946 by Qantas Liberators (loaned from BOAC) and Qantas Avro Lancastrians, but with shorter flown distances (departing what is now PER, stopping for refuelling at the RAF base at Minneriya, and landing at what is now CMB) and shorter flight times (faster cruise speeds).[39]
  2. ^ Service began on June 28, 2004, at which point it was the longest non-stop commercial flight. This flight was operated using an A340-500 in an all business class configuration of 100 seats from 2008 until the route's cancellation on November 23, 2013.[155][156]
    The route was revived on 11 Oct 2018 using an A350-900 operating until 25 Mar 2020 when it was ended due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
    The route was subsequently restarted on March 27, 2022 using an A350-900ULR with 67 business class and 94 premium economy seats.
  3. ^ The PER-LHR flight was originally launched on March 24, 2018, it paused its operations during COVID with its last flight operated on September 22, 2021, (and a replacement QF9 flight was subsequently temporarily operated from DRW). The PER-LHR Route was subsequently resumed on 23 May 2022.[158]
  4. ^ This route was first launched on February 3, 2004 by Singapore using an A340-500, at which point it was the world's longest non-stop commercial flight.[163]
  5. ^ The date given for the start of Qantas Flight 8 is when it began flying non-stop after switching to the Airbus A380-800 from the Boeing 747-400ER. Previously, QF 8 required a stop in Brisbane, though the eastbound QF 7 from Sydney was always non-stop. The first flight of QF 7 was May 16, 2011.[166]
  6. ^ The quicker PR126 is shown in this table as PR127 JFK-MNL (westbound) is currently making a fuelstop in YVR due to not possible for Russia Overflight routing at the present time.[170]
  7. ^ DL201 originally began on June 9, 2009 operated by a 777-200LR.[174] It ended on April 20, 2020 prior to relaunching 16 months later on August 1, 2021 operated by an A350-900.[175] This route was first operated (in an eastbound direction, ATL-JNB only) non-stop by South African Airways with a Boeing 747-400 on Feb 1, 2000, which was the longest commercial flight at the time.
  8. ^ The quicker PR118 is shown in this table as PR119 YYZ-MNL (westbound) is currently making a fuelstop in YVR due to not possible for Russia Overflight routing at the present time.[181]
  9. ^ Service on this route previously began on April 1, 2001 by United Airlines, at which time it was the world's longest daily non-stop commercial flight. United subsequently ended the route on Sep 1, 2001.[187]
  10. ^ This is a relaunch of the SIN-SEA route operated by Singapore Airlines from Sep 3, 2019 – Mar 22, 2020.
  11. ^ This was the longest flight ever operated by Delta Air Lines.[206]
  12. ^ On Sep 29, 2014 by changing the plane type to an A380, it had the distance to no longer require a stop at Brisbane (a "triangle route") thus ending this route. QF8 continues to operate direct between DFW-SYD.[207]
  13. ^ EK 213 now operates to nearby Miami International Airport with the Boeing 777-300ER aircraft.
  14. ^ This was the world's longest flight from its commencement in 1996 until its cancellation in 1998. Now operates to nearby Hong Kong International Airport with the Boeing 777-200ER aircraft.
  15. ^ The flight number appears to have corresponded to each day of the week that the flight operated.
  16. ^ The Double Sunrise flight numbers were 1Q[*] (eastbound to Perth eastbound), and 2Q[*] (westbound to Koggala), the number after the Q was sequential and used for both directions once from 1Q1 and 2Q1 through to 1Q133[243]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Airline industry recovery from COVID-19". McKinsey. Archived from the original on December 4, 2021. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  2. ^ "The New Entrants in the Competitive Long-Haul Airline Race". Skift. March 1, 2016. Archived from the original on May 16, 2021. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  3. ^ smart, Map Happy Travel (March 16, 2016). "Length or Duration? The Fight for the World's Longest Flight". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on April 13, 2017. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  4. ^ "ICAO Glossary of Definitions download" (doc). ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organisation. Archived from the original on November 10, 2021. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  5. ^ "Do 'longest flight' records matter?". BBC News. February 6, 2017. Archived from the original on February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017. By distance now the longest route is SQ21/SQ22, the inaugural flight from Newark to Singapore was recorded in full by world aviation had (a total of 17 hours 30 minutes, 1 hour 15 minutes shorter than scheduled)
  6. ^ Pallini, Thomas. "Inside the new world's longest flight: What it's like to fly on Singapore Airlines' new route between Singapore and New York". Business Insider. Archived from the original on November 25, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  7. ^ "Great Circle Map Distance SIN-JFK". www.gcmap.com. Archived from the original on October 8, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  8. ^ Street, Francesca (March 18, 2020). "Virus creates world's longest passenger flight". CNN. Archived from the original on December 3, 2021. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  9. ^ "Air Tahiti Nui Will Fly Another Nonstop Papeete To Paris Flight". Simple Flying. April 12, 2020. Archived from the original on December 26, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  10. ^ Amaro, Silvia (March 12, 2020). "Trump bans travel from Europe to US — here's what you need need to know". CNBC. Archived from the original on November 14, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  11. ^ "Moins de 150 passagers pour le premier vol sans escale Tahiti-Paris • TNTV Tahiti Nui Télévision". TNTV Tahiti Nui Télévision (in French). March 15, 2020. Archived from the original on September 9, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  12. ^ "SQ24 (SIA24) Singapore Airlines Flight Tracking and History 25-May-2021 (SIN / WSSS-KJFK)". FlightAware. Archived from the original on June 2, 2021. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
  13. ^ "SQ23 (SIA23) Singapore Airlines Flight Tracking and History 15-Jan-2021 (KJFK-SIN / WSSS)". FlightAware. Archived from the original on January 28, 2021. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  14. ^ "Air India 173 (AIC173 / AI173)". FlightAware. Archived from the original on January 22, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  15. ^ "Air India 183 (AIC183 / AI183)". FlightAware. Archived from the original on January 22, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  16. ^ Reed, Ted. "World's Longest Flight Is Now A Matter Of Dispute -- Is It Doha-Auckland Or Delhi-San Francisco?". Forbes. Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  17. ^ Morris, Hugh (October 24, 2016). "Air India breaks record for world's longest flight - by swapping direction of Delhi-San Francisco service". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 27, 2016. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  18. ^ "AI173 (AIC173) Air India Flight Tracking and History 21-Oct-2016 (DEL / VIDP-KSFO)". FlightAware. Archived from the original on October 25, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  19. ^ "Cathay Pacific (CX) #830". FlightAware. Archived from the original on January 4, 2017. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  20. ^ May 2018, Tim Sharp 22. "World's First Commercial Airline | The Greatest Moments in Flight". Space.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  21. ^ "Quest for Performance: The Evolution of Modern Aircraft". NASA.gov. Archived from the original on April 27, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  22. ^ "Historical First Flights of Pan American Clippers". University of Miami Digital Collections. Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  23. ^ "Time tables, passenger tariffs: Havana, Nassau, Mexico, West Indies, Central and South America, Hawaii, Philippines, Alaska, China, December 1, 1936". University of Miami Digital Collections. Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  24. ^ "Pan Am Across the Pacific". Pan Am Clipper Flying Boats. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  25. ^ "Great Circle Map of San Francisco to Pearl Harbor (Ford Island)". Great Circle Mapper. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  26. ^ "R.F. Bradley's Traveler Tale | National Air and Space Museum". June 9, 2021. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
  27. ^ "Pan Am Spans the Pacific". National Air and Space Museum. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  28. ^ "The First Transpacific Passenger Flight". airandspace.si.edu. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  29. ^ a b c "Glamorous Crossing: How Pan Am Airways Dominated International Travel in the 1930s". Longreads. February 10, 2015. Archived from the original on May 13, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  30. ^ "Pan Am Across the Atlantic". Pan Am Clipper Flying Boats. Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  31. ^ "Long Island and The History of Transatlantic Flight". Academy of Aviation. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  32. ^ "Soaring success: Port Washington made aviation history". Newsday. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  33. ^ "A Great Circle map of Port Washington Seaport to Horta". Great Circle Mapper. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  34. ^ "1st Transatlantic Pax Flight". www.panam.org. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  35. ^ "The Catalinas". History. Qantas. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  36. ^ "The Role of Catalinas in Australia's War in the Pacific". Australian War Memorial. Archived from the original on May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  37. ^ "Flying boats in the Second World War, 1939–45". History – colonial, conflict and modern. Australian government. 30 October 2016. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  38. ^ Ratwatte, Suren (August 23, 2020). "The world's longest flight". Medium. Archived from the original on May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  39. ^ a b "GEOFF GOODALL'S AVIATION HISTORY SITE". www.goodall.com.au. Archived from the original on March 30, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  40. ^ Eames, Jim (December 14, 2017). "Double sunrise: How Qantas preserved vital link to Britain during World War II". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  41. ^ Fysh, Wilmot Hudson (1968). Qantas at War. Angus and Robertson. p. 185.
  42. ^ "Qantas Founders Museum, Longreach, Queensland". www.facebook.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  43. ^ Taylor, Frank J (October 1953). "Riding the Earth's Mighties Tail Wind". Popular Science. pp. 110–113, 260.
  44. ^ "Pan American World Airways system time table, December 1, 1953 :: Pan American World Airways Records". merrick.library.miami.edu. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  45. ^ The 1953 Aircraft Year Book (PDF). 1953. p. 244. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 16, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  46. ^ "From The Archives: Bob Buck Flies a Connie from LA to London". Air Facts Journal. September 10, 2014. Archived from the original on June 8, 2021.
  47. ^ Peter J. Marson, The Lockheed Constellation. Tonbridge, Kent, England: Air-Britain (Historians), 2007
  48. ^ JP (September 16, 2019). "The Cadillac of the Constellation Line". TheAvGeeks. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  49. ^ a b "TWA Skyliner Magazine, 1957-08-15_01". digital.shsmo.org. Archived from the original on June 8, 2021. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  50. ^ "TWA Skyliner Magazine, 1957-09-26_01". digital.shsmo.org. Archived from the original on June 8, 2021. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  51. ^ "TWA Skyliner Magazine, 1957-10-10_03". digital.shsmo.org. Archived from the original on June 8, 2021. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  52. ^ "TWA 1957 Schedule". Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  53. ^ "TWA 1957 Route Map". Archived from the original on December 15, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  54. ^ a b "TWA 1959 Published Timetable". Archived from the original on January 16, 2021. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  55. ^ "EL AL Fleet – Historic – Boeing 707s | Israel Airline Museum". www.israelairlinemuseum.org. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  56. ^ "EL AL Israel Airlines celebrates its 65th anniversary". El Al. November 15, 2013. Archived from the original on February 8, 2018. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  57. ^ "Buenos Aires-Madrid advertisement". ABC.es. September 28, 1967. p. 20. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
  58. ^ Potenze, Pablo Luciano (1987). Aviación comercial argentina, 1945-1980. p. 220. ISBN 9789509067288.
  59. ^ "Pan Am clipper, Vol. 2, No. 1, April 1976 :: Pan American World Airways Records". merrick.library.miami.edu. No. April 1976. Pan Am. Pan Am Clipper Newsletter. Archived from the original on July 12, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  60. ^ "Pan Am system timetable, April 25 - September 13, 1976 :: Pan American World Airways Records". merrick.library.miami.edu. Archived from the original on July 11, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  61. ^ "SP Nonstops slated for South Pacific". digitalcollections.library.miami.edu. Vol. 2, no. 8. Pan Am. Pan Am Clipper. November 1976. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  62. ^ "Pan Am clipper, Vol. 2, No. 9, December 1976 :: Pan American World Airways Records". merrick.library.miami.edu. Vol. 2, no. 9. Pan Am. Pan Am Clipper. December 1976. Archived from the original on July 11, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  63. ^ "1977/78: PanAm Routes". Routesonline. Archived from the original on May 24, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  64. ^ "Fall Schedule Packs New Profitability Punch". merrick.library.miami.edu. Vol. 8, no. 10. Pan Am Airways. Pan Am Clipper. October 1982.
  65. ^ "Vol. 102 No. 5339 (9 Nov 1982)". Trove. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved June 14, 2021.
  66. ^ "Pan Am schedules, effective October 31, 1982 :: Pan American World Airways Records". merrick.library.miami.edu.
  67. ^ "What's Up in Trekking Tours to Mt..." Los Angeles Times. November 3, 1991. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  68. ^ "Other Airline notes: Flagship Express Inc". No. October 29, 1991. Chicago Tribune.
  69. ^ "Delta Air Lines, South African Airways to Codeshare On Flights from Atlanta, New York to Johannesburg". web.archive.org. Delta Air Lines. October 29, 1999. Archived from the original on November 28, 1999. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  70. ^ "More freight forwarders like Atlanta's reach". Atlanta Business Chronicle. December 20, 1999. Archived from the original on August 18, 2000. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
  71. ^ "Deal With Delta Air Lines Gets the Go-Ahead". Business Day. January 10, 2000. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
  72. ^ a b c "From Newark Over the North Pole". The New York Times. March 30, 2001. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  73. ^ "Singapore Airlines 21". FlightAware. November 23, 2013. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  74. ^ Agence France Presse (June 28, 2004). "SIA sets new world record with direct flight to New York". Singapore Window. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  75. ^ "Singapore Airlines 22". FlightAware. November 23, 2013. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  76. ^ "Travel Advisory; Code-Share Plan Adds South Africa Flights". The New York Times. January 30, 2000. Archived from the original on July 10, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  77. ^ a b Tanya Powley; Peggy Bollinger (November 6, 2015). "A new era of 'ultra-long-haul' aviation". Financial Times. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  78. ^ Andrew Doyle (October 24, 2012). "SIA to drop nonstop USA flights as Airbus buys back A340s". flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on April 27, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  79. ^ Mike Tierney (November 25, 2013). "Last Call for the Long Haul From Singapore to Newark". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 23, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  80. ^ a b c "Singapore Airlines To Launch World's Longest Commercial Flights". www.singaporeair.com. Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  81. ^ "Singapore Airlines Makes Significant Capacity Cuts And Grounds Aircraft". www.singaporeair.com. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  82. ^ "To All Passengers Bound for French Polynesia | Air Tahiti Nui". March 11, 2020. Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  83. ^ @flightradar24 (March 15, 2020). "Because of COVID-19 flight restrictions, Air Tahiti Nui is operating its service to Paris non-stop from Papeete—without its normal stop at LAX" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  84. ^ "Singapore Airlines To Begin Non-Stop Services To New York's JFK International Airport". www.singaporeair.com. Archived from the original on November 2, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  85. ^ "Singapore Airlines Expands U.S. Flight Schedule". Travel Agent Central. December 18, 2020. Archived from the original on August 3, 2021. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  86. ^ "January 2021 SQ23 Flights from New York to Singapore". Flightera.net. Archived from the original on January 20, 2022. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
  87. ^ "Boeing 777-200LR Sets New World Record for Distance". MediaRoom. Archived from the original on November 11, 2021. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  88. ^ "First Non-stop England-Australia Flight 1989". Archived from the original on May 9, 2017. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  89. ^ "Record-breakers (1993-2000) - Airbus Commercial Aircraft". Airbus. Archived from the original on 5 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  90. ^ Guy Norris; Mark Wagner (2001). Airbus A340 and A330. pp. 73–74. ISBN 0-7603-0889-6.
  91. ^ "Boeing 777 Distance and Speed World Records Confirmed" (Press release). Boeing. July 29, 1997. Archived from the original on February 24, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  92. ^ Phillips, Don (November 10, 2005). "Flight of Boeing's 777 Breaks Distance Record". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 11, 2021. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  93. ^ Associated, Press (November 11, 2005). "A record nonstop flight". Deseret News. Archived from the original on November 11, 2021. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  94. ^ a b Kingsley-Jones, Max (April 3, 2006). "BA Boeing 777-200 breaks non-stop commercial flight record, Brussels to Melbourne". Flight International. Archived from the original on September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  95. ^ "Behind the longest 787-8 flight: interview with Comlux's CEO, Andrea Zanetto". Aviacionline.com (in Spanish). April 6, 2021. Archived from the original on June 2, 2021. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
  96. ^ "Mammoth Journey: Comlux 787 Business Jet Operates 20 Hour Flight". Simple Flying. March 29, 2021. Archived from the original on May 17, 2021. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
  97. ^ "Comlux B787 Set Record 20 Hour Non-Stop Flight". www.samchui.com. March 31, 2021. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  98. ^ "Buenos Aires – Seoul: a Boeing 787 made the model's longest non-stop flight ever recorded". www.aviacionline.com. March 30, 2021. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  99. ^ "Air India Plans More US Routes Following Fleet Revamp". Routes. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  100. ^ "Air India Plans More US Routes Following Fleet Revamp". Routes. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  101. ^ "UA824 schedule. (United Airlines flight: San Francisco -> Bengaluru)". info.flightmapper.net. Archived from the original on September 12, 2021. Retrieved September 11, 2021.
  102. ^ "United Airlines delays new SFO international destination — again". www.bizjournals.com. August 2, 2022. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  103. ^ "Qantas to fly non-stop between Melbourne and Dallas Fort Worth - Executive Traveller". www.executivetraveller.com. March 27, 2022. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  104. ^ "Qantas NW22 Melbourne – Dallas Service Adjustment". AeroRoutes. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  105. ^ Casey, David. "Delta To Offer Daily Cape Town Flights". Routes Online. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  106. ^ "American Airlines NW22 Intercontinental Operation Update - 29MAY22". Aeroroutes. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  107. ^ "QANTAS RESUMES NEW YORK SERVICE FROM JUNE 2023". AEROROUTES. August 25, 2022. Retrieved August 5, 2022.
  108. ^ "Taiwan airlines in talks for direct Miami flights". Miami Today. September 15, 2015. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  109. ^ "MIA Welcomes President of Taiwan on Historic Flight" (Press release). Miami International Airport. 27 June 2016. Archived from the original on 7 February 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  110. ^ Emon Reiser (May 16, 2016). "South Florida airport leaders report "positive talks" with airlines for nonstop Asia-Miami flight". South Florida Business Journal. Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  111. ^ John Herrick (June 7, 2016). "Could Miami be getting a non-stop flight to Asia?". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  112. ^ "Asian Passenger Airline To Serve MIA Within 24 Months, Will Make 'A Bundle'". Archived from the original on May 12, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
  113. ^ "StarLux applies for 15 North America routes in expansion plan - Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw (in Chinese). Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  114. ^ "StarLux mulling further postponement of U.S. service - Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw (in Chinese). Archived from the original on July 15, 2021. Retrieved July 15, 2021.
  115. ^ Craig Platt (August 25, 2017). "Qantas non-stop flights to New York, London: Plan to launch flights from Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane by 2022". Traveller. Archived from the original on August 25, 2017. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  116. ^ Neate, Rupert (October 20, 2019). "Qantas hails 'historic' moment after Dreamliner completes 19-hour non-stop flight". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on October 22, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  117. ^ "Qantas Flew Non-stop from London to Sydney in Less Than 20 Hours". www.qantas.com. Archived from the original on July 23, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  118. ^ a b "QANTAS UPDATE ON PROJECT SUNRISE". Qantas.au. December 13, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  119. ^ "A350-900ULR range figure not a revision: Airbus". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  120. ^ "A350-1000". Airbus. Archived from the original on April 25, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  121. ^ "Turkish Airlines wants Istanbul-Sydney flights by June 2019 - Executive Traveller". Archived from the original on July 15, 2020. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  122. ^ "Turkish Airlines Targets Nonstop Australia Flights". Routes. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  123. ^ David Flynn (March 4, 2020). "El Al readies non-stop flights to Melbourne". Executive Traveller. Archived from the original on March 6, 2020. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  124. ^ "El Al (LY) #85".
  125. ^ Kaminski-Morrow2022-07-15T10:07:00+01:00, David. "Saudi Arabia opens airspace to all civil airlines including Israeli carriers". Flight Global. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  126. ^ "El Al ready to launch non-stop flights to Melbourne - Executive Traveller". www.executivetraveller.com. July 29, 2022. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  127. ^ "American Airlines to start Seattle – Bangalore; big connectivity over Seattle". anna.aero. February 18, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  128. ^ "American Airlines Delays Launch Of Bangalore And Tel Aviv Flights". Simple Flying. November 7, 2021. Archived from the original on November 8, 2021. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  129. ^ Rains, Taylor. "American Airlines is dropping 5 international destinations from its summer 2022 schedule because it doesn't have enough planes". Business Insider. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  130. ^ "Airlines are expanding their international networks as the world's borders slowly open after nearly 2 years of uncertainty — here are 13 high-profile long-haul routes coming in 2022". www.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on January 5, 2022. Retrieved January 5, 2022.
  131. ^ Rains, Taylor. "American is dropping 7 international routes and resuming 2 others as it adjusts its network — see the full list". Business Insider. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  132. ^ "American Airlines NW22 Intercontinental Operation Update - 29MAY22". AeroRoutes. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  133. ^ a b VnExpress. "Vietnam Airlines cleared to fly to the US - VnExpress International". VnExpress International – Latest news, business, travel and analysis from Vietnam. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  134. ^ VnExpress. "Vietnam Airlines on threshold of regular direct flights to US - VnExpress International". VnExpress International – Latest news, business, travel and analysis from Vietnam. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  135. ^ AirlineGeeks (November 7, 2021). "Vietnam Airlines vs. Bamboo Airways: The Quest to Launch Direct Flights to the US". Aviacionline.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on November 18, 2021. Retrieved November 18, 2021.
  136. ^ Villamizar, Helwing (April 23, 2022). "Delta Air Lines Cape Town Route Approved". airwaysmag.com. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
  137. ^ "Delta gets OK for Atlanta-Johannesburg-Cape Town route: Travel Weekly". www.travelweekly.com. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
  138. ^ "Delta Hits Back at United's Cape Town Plans". Routes. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
  139. ^ Klapper, Ethan. "Surprise: Delta and United both win the right to fly to Cape Town". The Points Guy. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  140. ^ "Delta bolsters direct offerings to international mainstays Cape Town, Tel Aviv and Tahiti". Delta News Hub. Delta Air Lines. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  141. ^ "Air India Plans More US Routes Following Fleet Revamp". Routes. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  142. ^ "DXB-PTY". Great Circle Mapper. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  143. ^ "Emirates revives prospect of world's longest flight to Panama". Reuters. April 18, 2018. Archived from the original on October 24, 2021. Retrieved October 24, 2021.
  144. ^ "QANTAS SETS SIGHTS ON DIRECT FLIGHTS FROM BRISBANE TO CHICAGO AND SAN FRANCISCO". Qantas News Room. Archived from the original on January 24, 2021. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  145. ^ "QANTAS FLIGHTS FROM BRISBANE TO CHICAGO AND SAN FRANCISCO OPEN FOR BUSINESS". Qantas News Room. Archived from the original on July 23, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  146. ^ Turak, Natasha (July 14, 2020). "Qantas is set to cancel nearly all its international flights until March 2021 as pandemic batters air travel". CNBC. Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  147. ^ "Airbus launches new Ultra-Long Range version of the A350-900" (Press release). Airbus. October 13, 2015. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2016.
  148. ^ "Airbus A350-900ULR comes with a 9700 NM flight range". Archived from the original on May 13, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  149. ^ "777-200LR/777-300ER Backgrounder" (PDF). Boeing.co.kr. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 3, 2021. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  150. ^ "Boeing 777X Airplane". newairplane.com. The Boeing Company. Archived from the original on April 1, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  151. ^ "Boeing: 787 By Design". www.boeing.com. Archived from the original on October 7, 2021. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  152. ^ Max Kingsley-Jones (September 22, 2014). "New widebodies are 'network-planning game changers'". Flightglobal. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on October 10, 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  153. ^ "Singapore Airlines To Begin Non-Stop Services To New York's JFK International Airport". Singapore Airlines. October 20, 2020. Archived from the original on November 2, 2021. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  154. ^ Andrew (January 12, 2022). "Singapore Airlines goes triple daily to New York, with the return of non-stop Newark flights". Mainly Miles. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  155. ^ "SIA To Make Network Adjustments In Northern Summer Schedule" (Press release). Singapore Airlines. December 18, 2012. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  156. ^ "Singapore Airlines beats its own long-haul record". Airways.ch. 29 June 2004. Archived from the original on 22 July 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  157. ^ Robert Upe (January 14, 2018). "Qantas to take off on non-stop Perth to London flights". The New Daily. Archived from the original on January 14, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  158. ^ "Qantas Perth-London flights take off again after 2 years". Australian Aviation. May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 23, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  159. ^ "Flight Timetables - Flight information - Plan | Air New Zealand". www.airnewzealand.com. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
  160. ^ "Start spreading the news – Air New Zealand is off to the Big Apple - Media releases | Air New Zealand". www.airnewzealand.co.nz. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
  161. ^ Villamizar, Helwing (September 17, 2022). "Air New Zealand's First Direct JFK Flight en Route". airwaysmag.com. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  162. ^ "Singapore Airlines W18 US West Coast service changes". RoutesOnline. July 11, 2018. Archived from the original on July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  163. ^ "Singapore Airlines A340-500 Flies Into The Record Books". Airbus. February 4, 2004. Archived from the original on October 17, 2021. Retrieved October 17, 2021.
  164. ^ "United Airlines Strengthens Commitment to Houston with Nonstop Service Between Houston and Sydney". United Airlines. September 7, 2017. Archived from the original on September 28, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  165. ^ a b "Qantas Replaces Iconic A380 With 787 On London-Sydney Route". Simple Flying. January 4, 2021. Archived from the original on January 5, 2021. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  166. ^ "Qantas flight from Dallas/Fort Worth has to make fuel stop on Pacific island". Dallas News. May 31, 2011. Archived from the original on November 23, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  167. ^ "QANTAS to Start A380 Service to Dallas from late-Sep 2014". Airline Route. May 13, 2014. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  168. ^ "DFW-SYD". Great Circle Mapper. Archived from the original on February 7, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  169. ^ "Philippine Airlines plans nonstop New York JFK service from Oct 2018". airlineroute. April 8, 2018. Archived from the original on June 14, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  170. ^ "JFK-MNL and TORONTO-MNL flights to stop over in Vancouver". phlippineairlines.com. 21 March 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  171. ^ "United Airlines to Operate Longest Scheduled Flight Between San Francisco and Singapore". United Airlines. January 28, 2016. Archived from the original on January 15, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  172. ^ Cynthia Drescher (June 16, 2016). "Singapore Airlines Brings Back 17-Hour Flight, Minus the Jet Lag". Conde Nast Traveler. Archived from the original on June 16, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  173. ^ "Delta restores routes to all pre-COVID African markets". Routesonline. Archived from the original on August 2, 2021. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  174. ^ "Delta to Offer Customers Service to More Unique International Destinations in 2009". Delta Air Lines. November 12, 2008. Archived from the original on November 19, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  175. ^ "Delta restores routes to all pre-COVID African markets". Routes Online. 21 June 2021. Archived from the original on 2 August 2021. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  176. ^ "Emirates Terminal 3 at Dubai International Launches Phase Two". emirates.com (Press release). October 19, 2008. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  177. ^ "Saudia to Launch Los Angeles Service from late-March 2014". Airlineroute.net. October 12, 2013. Archived from the original on January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
  178. ^ "QANTAS SAYS 'BUONGIORNO' WITH DIRECT FLIGHTS FROM AUSTRALIA TO ITALY". Qantas Newsroom. December 15, 2021. Archived from the original on December 15, 2021. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  179. ^ a b "Qantas to launch non-stop flights from Perth to Rome - Executive Traveller". www.executivetraveller.com. December 15, 2021. Retrieved June 22, 2022.
  180. ^ "Air India launches direct non-stop Chicago-Hyderabad service". @businessline. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  181. ^ "JFK-MNL and TORONTO-MNL flights to stop over in Vancouver". phlippineairlines.com. 21 March 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  182. ^ "New nonstops to New Zealand will be O'Hare's longest flights". Chicago Tribune. March 28, 2018. Archived from the original on March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  183. ^ "Emirates forges new Houston – Dubai route". AsiaTravel Tips.com. January 26, 2007. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  184. ^ "Emirates Airline Launches San Francisco Service with World's Longest Green Flight". NewsWireToday. December 9, 2008. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
  185. ^ "Discover a timeless beauty in San Francisco". Qatar Airways. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
  186. ^ "Cathay Pacific to open non-stop New York air route from July 1". PeopleDaily.com.cn. June 12, 2004. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  187. ^ "United to Begin Daily Nonstop Service Between New York–JFK and Hong Kong". Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  188. ^ "Seattle Non-Stop: Singapore Airlines Ditches Its Vancouver Stop". Simple Flying. March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  189. ^ "Continental Airlines Makes Aviation History with First New York-Hong Kong Nonstop" (Press release). New York: Contintental Airlines. February 28, 2001. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  190. ^ "Qatar Airways Launches Inaugural Flight To Houston" (Press release). Qatar Airways. 31 March 2009. Archived from the original on 26 June 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  191. ^ "Emirates upgrades United States network with new services to Seattle and Dallas". Airline Route. September 28, 2011. Archived from the original on November 19, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  192. ^ "FlightMapper UA 188".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  193. ^ "Cathay Pacific Launches Flights Between Boston and Hong Kong, Expanding North American Gateways to Eight". news.cathaypacific.com. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  194. ^ "Singapore Airlines To Launch Seasonal Flights From Vancouver And Seattle". AVIATOR. October 11, 2021. Archived from the original on October 11, 2021. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  195. ^ "EVA to Launch Houston Flights in June 2015 | Houston Airport System". www.fly2houston.com. Retrieved August 19, 2022.
  196. ^ "PRACTICAL TRAVELER - Understanding Travelspeak - NYTimes.com". New York Times. September 20, 1992. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  197. ^ "TN64 Flight Status / Air Tahiti Nui THT64 / TN 64 Flight Tracker". airportinfo.live. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  198. ^ "Air Tahiti Nui Will Fly Another Nonstop Papeete To Paris Flight". Simple Flying. April 12, 2020. Archived from the original on December 26, 2021. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  199. ^ "Qatar Airways coming to NZ - confirmed". New Zealand Herald. March 10, 2016. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  200. ^ "Air India to fly to San Francisco & Chicago from January". Times of India. December 30, 2020. Archived from the original on December 31, 2020. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  201. ^ "Air India begins Bengaluru-San Francisco flight". aviationnews.info. Archived from the original on November 2, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
  202. ^ "AI176 (AIC176) Air India Flight Tracking and History".
  203. ^ "Thai Airways to cancel direct flight to New York". Forbes. August 6, 2008. Archived from the original on December 28, 2011. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  204. ^ Flynn, David. "Qantas Sydney-Singapore-London A380 flights to restart June 19". Executive Traveller. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
  205. ^ "Delta Ends Nonstop Flights to India". Archived from the original on October 31, 2012. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  206. ^ "Delta ends nonstop flights to India". Global Atlanta. July 9, 2009. Archived from the original on October 31, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
  207. ^ "Qantas A380 lands at Dallas/Fort Worth". AustralianAviation.com. September 30, 2014. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  208. ^ "Air Canada NW20 International network suspensions as of 03SEP20". Routes. Archived from the original on September 5, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  209. ^ "Air Canada Official Timetable Feb - May 2022" (PDF). February 10, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 7, 2022. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  210. ^ "CX861 (CPA861) Cathay Pacific Flight Tracking and History". FlightAware. Archived from the original on March 1, 2014. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  211. ^ "South African Airways Announces New Non-Stop Service from New York JFK to South Africa". Business Wire. Fort Lauderdale, Florida. December 17, 2008. Archived from the original on September 7, 2018. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  212. ^ Jim Liu (November 2, 2017). "Etihad ends Dallas service in March 2018". Routes Online. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  213. ^ "Etihad Airways to suspend Abu Dhabi - Dallas/Fort Worth route in 2018". Archived from the original on April 1, 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  214. ^ "CZ300 Flight Status / China Southern CSN300 / CZ 300 Flight Tracker". airportinfo.live. Archived from the original on November 2, 2021. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
  215. ^ "China Southern Airlines Official Timetable" (PDF). China Southern Airlines. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 2, 2021. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
  216. ^ "March 2020: South African Airways SA203 from Johannesburg to New York". Flightera. March 24, 2022. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  217. ^ "Delta to drop Detroit-Hong Kong service". Business Traveller. June 26, 2012. Archived from the original on June 10, 2016. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  218. ^ "Air India shuts down Mumbai-New York flight service". The Times of India. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  219. ^ "United Makes Historic Flight: Chicago To Hong Kong Nonstop". Archived from the original on September 23, 2016. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  220. ^ "Subsidized Gulf carrier competition forces Delta to cancel ATL-Dubai". Delta News Hub. Archived from the original on September 8, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  221. ^ "Etihad Airways closes Sao Paulo reservations from late-March 2017". Routes. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  222. ^ "NWA Seattle - Hong Kong Route". airliners.net. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  223. ^ a b c d Pearson, James (December 20, 2021). "The US Remains Vital: Inside The Airbus A220's Operations". Simple Flying. Retrieved October 4, 2022.
  224. ^ Spotters, Sebastián Polito-Vuelos y (June 20, 2022). "Conviasa resumes flights between Caracas and Tehran". Aviacionline.com (in Spanish). Retrieved June 21, 2022.
  225. ^ "EVA Air W20 Long-Haul aircraft changes as of 11SEP20". Routesonline. Archived from the original on November 29, 2020. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  226. ^ "Lufthansa Business Jet - Now with "lie-flat" seats from Munich!". Lufthansa. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006.
  227. ^ "Aviation Strategy - Premium transatlantic airlines: how important are they?". aviationstrategy.aero. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  228. ^ Prosperi, Max. "After 15 Year Drought, St. Louis Reconnected to Europe – WOWAir Inaugural Event". TravelUpdate.
  229. ^ "Azores Airlines performed the longest direct flight". www.azoresairlines.pt. Archived from the original on February 8, 2022. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  230. ^ "KLM to launch business class service to Houston". Financial Times. August 30, 2005. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  231. ^ Staff, A. I. N. "PrivatAir to offer Zurich-Newark BBJ flights". Aviation International News. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  232. ^ "CNN.com - New business jet to fly Zurich-NYC - Jul 23, 2004". edition.cnn.com. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  233. ^ "MGM Grand Air Schedule". TheAirchive.net. September 8, 1994. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  234. ^ "Diario EL PAIS - Uruguayos". El Pais. March 16, 2006. Archived from the original on March 14, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  235. ^ Selman, Jay. "N320AS - Boeing 737-990 - Alaska Airlines - Jay Selman". JetPhotos. JetPhotos. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  236. ^ "Alaska Airlines Published Timetable (2003)" (PDF). alaskair.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 23, 2003.
  237. ^ "PA042780p44". www.departedflights.com. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  238. ^ "Japan Airlines Timetable 1988". Archived from the original on December 17, 2018.
  239. ^ "1985/86: Singapore Airlines Network". Routesonline. Archived from the original on December 18, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  240. ^ "26. Feb 2021: United Airlines UA328 from Denver to Honolulu". Flightera.net. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  241. ^ "Our History (Qantas)". Qantas. May 18, 2021. Archived from the original on May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  242. ^ Museum, Qantas Founders (August 12, 2015). "QANTAS DOUBLE SUNRISE". Qantas Founders Museum. Archived from the original on May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  243. ^ a b "G-AGFL Consolidated PBy-5B Catalina". www.aussieairliners.org. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  244. ^ IAD-NCE is chartered operation, CCS-CDG is one-off, IAD-CDG is shorter than this. The SIN-BAH-LHR flight is jointly operated by BA/SQ but the SIN-BAH segment is under SQ callsign
  245. ^ Andrew (June 3, 2021). "Singapore Airlines Concorde: The full story". Mainly Miles. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  246. ^ Peter G Dancey (2017). Soviet Aircraft Industry. Fonthill Media. p. 276.
  247. ^ "Archive: Aeroflot W63/64 network". Routesonline. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  248. ^ "Aeroflot 1963 Timetable". Time Table Images. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  249. ^ "Vladivostok Air Moves Moscow Operation to Sheremetyevo from Feb 2012". Routesonline. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 10, 2021.