Longevity claims

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Longevity claims are unsubstantiated cases of asserted human longevity. Those asserting lifespans of 110 years or more are referred to as supercentenarians. Many have either no official verification or are backed only by partial evidence. Cases where longevity has been fully verified, according to modern standards of longevity research, are reflected in an established list of supercentenarians based on the work of organizations such as the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) or Guinness World Records. This article lists living claims greater than that of the oldest living person whose age has been independently verified, French woman Lucile Randon, at 118 years, 136 days, and deceased claims greater than that of the oldest person ever whose age has been verified, namely her compatriot Jeanne Calment, who died at the age of 122 years and 164 days. The upper limit for both lists is 130 years.

Scientific status[edit]

Prior to the 19th century, there was insufficient evidence either to demonstrate or to refute centenarian longevity.[1] Even today, no fixed theoretical limit to human longevity is apparent.[2] Studies[1] in the biodemography of human longevity indicate a late-life mortality deceleration law: that death rates level off at advanced ages to a late-life mortality plateau. This implies that there is no fixed upper limit to human longevity, or fixed maximum human lifespan.[3] Researchers in Denmark have found a way to determine when a deceased person was born using radiocarbon dating done on the lens of the eye.[4]

Categorization[edit]

Guinness World Records from its inception in 1955, began maintaining a list of the verified oldest people.[5] It developed into a list of all supercentenarians whose lifespan had been verified by at least three documents, in a standardized process, according to the norms of modern longevity research. Many unverified cases ("claims" or "traditions") have been controverted by reliable sources. Taking reliable demographic data into account, these unverified cases vary widely in their plausibility.

Fully verified claims[edit]

  • The oldest person verified by modern standards, and the only person with evidence to have lived to be at least 120 years of age, is French woman Jeanne Calment (21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997), aged 122 years and 164 days.
  • The oldest man verified by modern standards, and the only man with undisputed evidence to have lived to be over 115, is Japanese man Jiroemon Kimura (19 April 1897 – 12 June 2013), aged 116 years and 54 days.
  • The oldest verified living person is French woman Lucile Randon, born 11 February 1904, aged 118 years, 136 days.

Problems in documenting[edit]

  • Lucy Hannah, previously regarded as having reached age 117, had her verification removed in 2020 following the discovery of additional documents.[6]

In numerous editions from the 1960s through the 1980s, Guinness stated that

No single subject is more obscured by vanity, deceit, falsehood, and deliberate fraud than the extremes of human longevity.[7]

Despite demographic evidence of the known extremes of modern longevity, stories in otherwise reliable sources still surface regularly, stating that these extremes have been exceeded. Responsible, modern, scientific validation of human longevity requires investigation of records following an individual from birth to the present (or to death); purported longevity claims far outside the demonstrated records regularly fail such scrutiny.

Actuary Walter G. Bowerman stated that ill-founded longevity assertions originate mainly in remote, underdeveloped regions, among non-literate peoples, with only family testimony available as evidence.[8] This means that people living in areas of the world with historically more comprehensive resources for record-keeping have tended to hold more claims to longevity, regardless of whether or not individuals in other parts of the world have lived longer.

In the transitional period of record-keeping, records tend to exist for the wealthy and upper-middle classes, but are often spotty and nonexistent for the middle classes and the poor. In the United States, birth registration did not begin in Mississippi until 1912 and was not universal until 1933. Hence, in many longevity cases, no actual birth record exists. This type of case is classified by gerontologists as "partially validated".[citation needed]

Proximate records[edit]

Since some cases were recorded in a census or in other reliable sources, obtainable evidence may complete full verification.

  • Maggie Barnes: Barnes claimed to be 117 at her death on 19 January 1998.[9] Barnes, who was born to a former slave and married a tenant farmer, had fifteen children, 11 of whom preceded her in death.[9] Inconsistent records suggested that she was born on 6 March 1882 at the latest, but possibly a year earlier. The conclusion is that Barnes was at least 115 years and 319 days old at her death, and may have been one or two years older.[citation needed]

Late-life records[edit]

In another type of case, the only records that exist are late-life documents. Because age inflation often occurs in adulthood (to avoid military service or to apply for a pension early), or because the government may have begun record-keeping during an individual's lifetime, cases unverified by proximate records exist. These unverified cases are less likely to be true (because the records are written later), but are still possible. Longevity narratives were not subjected to rigorous scrutiny until the work of William Thoms in 1873. Thoms proposed the 100th-birthday test: is there evidence to support an individual's claimed age at what would be their centenary birthday?[10][11] This test does not prove a person's age, but does winnow out typical pension-claim longevity exaggerations and spontaneous claims that a certain relative is over 150.

  • Hanna Barysevich: Barysevich claimed to have been 118.[12] This can be neither verified nor disproven from Belarus records. The claim is demographically possible but incompletely verified.
  • Pasikhat Dzhukalaeva: In 2004, The Moscow Times reported that Dzhukalayeva, of Chechnya, claimed to have been born in 1881 (age 122). The claim is possible but incompletely verified. Her death has not been reported since that time, so no age above 122 has been verifiably claimed.[13]
  • Susie Brunson: Her obituaries appear in Star-News newspaper[14] and The New York Times.[15] Her family claimed that she was born 25 December 1870 and lived to age 123, dying in late November 1994.[15]

Reports with complete date of birth[edit]

These are standardized lists of people whose lifespans remain unverified by proximate records, including both modern (Guinness-era) and historical cases. All cases in which an individual's supercentenarian lifespan is not (yet) backed by records sufficient to the standards of modern longevity research are listed as unverified. They may be factually true, even though records do not exist (or have not yet been found), so such lists include these grey-area cases.

Recent[edit]

These living supercentenarian cases, in descending order of claimed age, with full birth and review dates, have been updated within the past two years, but have not had their claimed age validated by an independent body such as the Gerontology Research Group or Guinness World Records. The list includes only those claims that are greater than the age of the oldest verified living person, Lucile Randon, who is currently aged 118 years, 136 days, but under 130 years.

Name Sex Reported birth date Claimed Age Country Latest report Ref
Johanna Mazibuko F 11 May 1894 128 years, 47 days South Africa 15 May 2022 [16]
Sivananda M 8 August 1896 125 years, 323 days India 10 June 2021 [17][18]
Manuel Garcia Hernandez M 24 December 1896 125 years, 185 days Mexico 22 January 2021 [19][20]
Maria Gomes dos Reis F 16 June 1900 122 years, 11 days Brazil 3 May 2022 [21]
Teodora Maria de Alcântara F 18 August 1900 121 years, 313 days Brazil 22 August 2020 [22][23]
Andrelino Vieira da Silva M 3 February 1901 121 years, 144 days Brazil 8 February 2022 [24]
Sebastião Batista dos Santos M 15 March 1902 120 years, 104 days Brazil 17 March 2022 [25]

Past[edit]

This table contains supercentenarian claims with either a known death date or no confirmation for more than two years that they were still alive. Only claims greater than that of Jeanne Calment, who died at the age of 122 years, 164 days, but under 130 years are included. They are listed in order of age as of the date of death or date last reported alive.

Name Sex Reported birth date Death date / latest report Reported age Country
Ali Ben Mohamed El Amri[26][27] M 5 October 1880 30 September 2010 129 years, 360 days Tunisia
Koku Istambulova[28] F 1 June 1889 27 January 2019 129 years, 240 days Russia
José Aguinelo dos Santos[29] M 7 July 1888 20 December 2017 129 years, 166 days Brazil
Maria do Carmo Gerônimo[30] F 5 March 1871 14 June 2000 129 years, 101 days Brazil
Jean Causeur[31] M 3 March 1645 30 April 1774 129 years, 58 days France
Mary Ewen[32] F 5 May 1878 10 April 2007 128 years, 340 days Jamaica
Cruz Hernández[30] F 3 May 1878 8 March 2007 128 years, 309 days El Salvador
Elizabeth Israel[30] F 27 January 1875 14 October 2003 128 years, 260 days Dominica
Safiah Ujang[33] F 11 February 1889 26 October 2017 128 years, 257 days Malaysia
José Rosario Serrano Arencas[34] M 5 March 1881 24 April 2009 128 years, 50 days Colombia
Swami Kalyandev[30] M 26 June 1876 12 July 2004 128 years, 16 days India
William Johnson[35] M 8 May 1881 15 May 2009 128 years, 7 days United States
Ajiben Chandravadia[36][37] F 1 January 1891 13 December 2018 127 years, 346 days India
Luo Meizhen[38][39] F 9 July 1885 9 June 2013 127 years, 335 days China
Juana Bautista de la Candelaria Rodríguez[40] F 2 February 1885 24 December 2012 127 years, 326 days Cuba
Luang Pu Chant Siri[41][42] M 10 April 1849 23 February 1977 127 years, 319 days Thailand
Halim Solmaz[43] F 1 July 1884 29 March 2012 127 years, 272 days Turkey
Tshinyelo Dora Muzila[44] F 4 May 1880 14 January 2008 127 years, 255 days South Africa
Leandra Becerra Lumbreras F 31 August 1887 19 March 2015 127 years, 200 days Mexico
Tian Longyu[45][46][47] F 9 June 1893 28 September 2020 127 years, 111 days China
Nicolas Savin[48] M 17 April 1768 29 November 1894 126 years, 226 days Russia
Maria Gonçalves dos Santos[49] F 24 June 1890 15 December 2016 126 years, 174 days Brazil
Benito Martínez Abrogán[30] M 19 June 1880 11 October 2006 126 years, 114 days Cuba
Margarita Lacsi[50][51][52] F 30 March 1878 27 May 2004 126 years, 58 days Argentina
Jackson Pollard[30] M 25 December 1869 7 September 1995 125 years, 304 days United States
Nuri Öztunç[53] M 1 July 1885 6 March 2011 125 years, 248 days Turkey
Juan Ramos[30] M 24 June 1880 24 January 2006 125 years, 214 days United States
Aberewa Grace[30] F 16 August 1878 18 January 2004 125 years, 155 days Ghana
Anna Visser[30] F 25 December 1878 8 January 2004 125 years, 14 days Namibia
Maria Etelvina dos Santos[30] F 15 July 1878 8 March 2003 124 years, 236 days Brazil
Hu Yeh-mei[54] F 10 February 1885 24 August 2009 124 years, 195 days Taiwan
Mariam Amash[55][56][57] F 1 July 1888 22 December 2012 124 years, 171 days Israel
Socorro Medrano Guevara[58] F 17 June 1894 13 September 2018 124 years, 88 days Mexico
Francisca Susano[59][60] F 11 September 1897 22 November 2021 124 years, 72 days Philippines
Armando Frid[30][61] M 24 May 1866 28 July 1990 124 years, 65 days Argentina
Maria Verissimo de Matos[62][63] F 5 June 1888 17 June 2012 124 years, 12 days Brazil
Ana Martinha da Silva[30] F 25 August 1880 27 July 2004 123 years, 337 days Brazil
Carmelo Flores Laura[64] M 16 July 1890 9 June 2014 123 years, 328 days Bolivia
Deolinda Soares Rodrigues[65] F 24 June 1898 1 May 2022 123 years, 311 days Brazil
Juana Chox Yac[66][67][68][69] F 29 November 1893 27 September 2017 123 years, 302 days Guatemala
Arthur Reed[30] M 28 June 1860 15 April 1984 123 years, 292 days United States
Tanzilya Bisembeyeva[70][71] F 14 March 1896 25 October 2019 123 years, 225 days. Russia
Daw Mya Kyi[72][73][74][75] F 9 October 1892 fl. 17 May 2016 123 years, 221 days Myanmar
Hava Rexha[30] F 14 August 1880 8 November 2003 123 years, 86 days Albania
Appaz Iliev[76] M March 1, 1896 May 10, 2019 123 years, 70 days Russia
Nguyễn Thị Trù[77][78] F 4 May 1893 12 July 2016 123 years, 69 days Vietnam
Turupu Aimaiti[79][80] M 5 February 1892 fl. 26 February 2015 123 years, 21 days China
Live Larsdatter[81] F 6 August 1575 9 July 1698 122 years, 337 days Denmark
Shukhrat Aliyeva[82] F 1 January 1887 1 December 2009 122 years, 334 days Brazil
Oberia Coffin[30] F 1 December 1883 18 October 2006 122 years, 321 days United States
Sudhakar Chaturvedi[83][84] M 20 April 1897 27 February 2020 122 years, 313 days India
Nehemiah Ndur[85] M 25 February 1890 10 December 2012 122 years, 289 days Nigeria
Dora Jacobs[30] F 6 May 1880 19 January 2003 122 years, 258 days South Africa
Zhang Daoling[86] M 15 January 34 9 September 156 122 years, 238 days Han dynasty
Mamie Evans[30] F 2 July 1872 15 January 1995 122 years, 197 days United States
David Peterson[30] M 22 November 1850 31 May 1973 122 years, 190 days United States
Sarah Hoover[30] F 25 June 1874 15 December 1996 122 years, 173 days United States
Salma Abdulqadir[87] F 1 July 1897 18 December 2019 122 years, 170 days Syria

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gavrilov, Leonid A.; Gavrilova, Natalia S.; Center on Aging, National Opinion Research Center/University of Chicago (June 2000). "Book Reviews: Validation of Exceptional Longevity" (PDF). Population Dev Rev. 26 (2): 403–4. doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2000.00365.x. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2009.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Gavrilov, L. A.; Gavrilova, N. S. (1991). The biology of life span: a quantitative approach. New York City: Harwood Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-3-7186-4983-9.
  3. ^ Gavrilov, Leonid A.; Center on Aging, National Opinion Research Center/University of Chicago (5 March 2004). "Biodemography of Human Longevity (Keynote Lecture)". International Conference on Longevity. Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2009.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ "The Eyes Have It: Researchers Can Now Determine When A Human Was Born By Looking into The Eyes of the Dead". 2008. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Oldest Living People Title Holders Since 1955". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  6. ^ Robert Young and Waclaw Kroczek (2021). "Age 115+ in the USA: An Update". Exceptional Lifespans. SpringerLink. Demographic Research Monographs. pp. 317–344. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-49970-9_22. ISBN 978-3-030-49969-3. S2CID 230545486. Archived from the original on 11 December 2020. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Title of 'Oldest Living Person' Is Up for Grabs -- If You Have Some Proof". Los Angeles Times. 14 January 1990. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  8. ^ "No Methuselahs". Time Magazine. 12 August 1974. Archived from the original on 2 November 2007. Retrieved 13 May 2009.
  9. ^ a b Musante, Glenna B. (22 January 1998) "Johnston woman, one of world's oldest, dies at 117" The Raleigh News & Observer, pg. B1.
  10. ^ Heiner Maier (2010). Super-centenarians. Springer. p. 5. ISBN 978-3-642-11520-2. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  11. ^ Leonard W. Poon; Thomas T. Perls (12 December 2007). Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 27, 2007: Biopsychosocial Approaches to Longevity. Springer Publishing Company. p. 259. ISBN 978-0-8261-1538-6. Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  12. ^ "W wieku 118 lat zmarła najstarsza mieszkanka Białorusi". Wiadomości. 7 February 2007. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  13. ^ Aliev, Timur (17 February 2004). "122-Year-Old Chechen Has Seen a Lot". The Moscow Times. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  14. ^ Vance, Tricia (30 November 1994). "Susie Brunson, thought to be oldest American, dies at 123". Star-News. p. 21. Archived from the original on 27 April 2022. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  15. ^ a b "Susie Brunson; Perhaps the Oldest American, 123". The New York Times. 1 December 1994. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  16. ^ "WATCH | 'People around me have been dying. When will I die?' - 128-year-old North West woman".
  17. ^ "Swami Sivananda, the old monk who caused a stir in Abu Dhabi airport abstains from spice and sex". gulfnews.com. Archived from the original on 14 June 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  18. ^ "125 year old Swami Shivanand takes Covid-19 vaccine in Varanasi". Archived from the original on 22 August 2021. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  19. ^ "Age is just a number: 121-year-old Mexican feels he is 80, says work key to long life". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 16 March 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  20. ^ "AMLO felicita a don Manuel García, mexicano de 124 años de edad". El Diario de Yucatán (in Spanish). 19 January 2021. Archived from the original on 20 January 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  21. ^ "Idosa de 121 anos é 'descoberta' após atendimento médico na BA e pode ser a mais velha do mundo: 'A gente fica até abismada', diz neta" [Elder woman is 'discovered' after medical appointment in Bahia and might be the oldest in the world: 'We're astonished', says grandaughter]. G1 (in Portuguese). Grupo Globo. 3 May 2022. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  22. ^ "Marajoara de 119 pode ser a pessoa mais velha do mundo". Diário Online (in Brazilian Portuguese). 15 April 2020. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  23. ^ Avelar, JR (22 August 2020). "Paraense de 120 anos leva uma vida lúcida e tranquila no Marajó" [120-year-old from Pará lives a lucid and tranquil life in Marajó]. Diário Online (in Brazilian Portuguese). Archived from the original on 12 July 2021. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  24. ^ Oliveira, Danielle (8 February 2022). "Idoso comemora 121 anos com bolo temático em Aparecida de Goiânia: 'O terror do INSS'" [Elderly man celebrates 121th birthday with theme cake in Aparecida de Goiânia: 'The terror of INSS']. G1 (in Portuguese). Grupo Globo. Archived from the original on 15 February 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  25. ^ Arenza, Michelli (17 March 2022). "Paranaense completa 120 anos e recebe bênção do Papa Francisco" [Man from Paraná celebrates 120th birthday and receives blessing from Pope Francis]. G1 (in Portuguese). Grupo Globo. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  26. ^ "TUNISIA OLDEST MAN 130 YEARS OLD - 다음뉴스". 6 November 2015. Archived from the original on 6 November 2015.
  27. ^ "Le doyen des tunisiens soufflera sa 130ème bougie :: MOSAIQUE FM". Archive.mosaiquefm.net. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  28. ^ World's 'oldest' woman who 'didn't enjoy single day' in long life dies aged 129 Archived 4 February 2019 at the Wayback Machine Mirror, 1 February 2019
  29. ^ "Morre em Bauru, aos 129 anos, homem que poderia ser o mais velho do mundo". Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Young, Robert (15 December 2007). "World's Oldest Claimants". Gerontology Research Group. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  31. ^ Scientific American. Munn & Company. 10 November 1888. p. 295. Archived from the original on 27 April 2022. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  32. ^ McDaniel, Byron (1 May 2007). "128-y-o Jamaican woman dies". Gleaner Company. Archived from the original on 28 September 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  33. ^ hermesauto (26 October 2017). "Malaysia's oldest woman dies aged 128". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  34. ^ "Colombia's oldest man dies at 128". Colombia Reports. 25 April 2009. Archived from the original on 28 April 2009.
  35. ^ Shearon, Robert (15 May 2009). "NLR man celebrates his 128th birthday". The North Little Rock Times. Retrieved 21 May 2011.[dead link]
  36. ^ "Gujarat Elections 2017: Meet 126-year-old Ajiben Chandravadia, 'oldest voter' in the world". DNA India. 9 December 2017. Archived from the original on 18 February 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  37. ^ "ઉપલેટાઃ વિશ્વમાં સૌથી મોટી ઉંમરના127 વર્ષીય અજીબેન ચંદ્રવાડીયાનું નિધન". 13 December 2018. Archived from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  38. ^ "World's 'oldest woman' dies in China: family". My Sinchew. 11 June 2013. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013.
  39. ^ Saatchi, Charles (10 October 2013). "Perfect health is merely the slowest way to die". Evening Standard. London, UK: Evening Standard Limited. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  40. ^ "Juana Candelaria, la mujer más longeva de #Cuba tenía al morir 127 años". Mariacelys.wordpress.com. 10 January 2013. Archived from the original on 7 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  41. ^ "แสดงกระทู้ - หลวงปู่สี ฉนฺทสิริ วัดเขาถ้ำบุญนาค อายุ ๑๒๘ ปี • ลานธรรมจักร". www.dhammajak.net. Archived from the original on 17 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  42. ^ xn--72c4btmkdhne1gta0c0nxb.com. "หลวงปู่สี ประวัติหลวงปู่สี พระเครื่องหลวงปู่สี". xn--72c4btmkdhne1gta0c0nxb.com. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  43. ^ "..::ÖZ DİYARBAKIR GAZETESİ::." 18 May 2012. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  44. ^ Gabara, Nthambeleni (18 January 2008). "Granny Tshinyelo Muzila (127) passes away". Zoutnet. Retrieved 24 April 2011.[dead link]
  45. ^ "湖南第一寿星已122岁 思维敏捷无老年斑(图)-搜狐新闻". news.sohu.com. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015.
  46. ^ "Phoenix has 21 centenarians of the first longevity of 123 years old - Top News". Top-news.top. Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  47. ^ "127岁湖南第一寿星田龙玉去世,80多岁还当过保姆". 20 October 2020. Archived from the original on 4 December 2021. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  48. ^ Mathieu, Frédéric (2008). Napoléon, les derniers témoins (in French). Éditions Sébirot. ISBN 978-2-9532726-0-4.
  49. ^ "Morre idosa de 126 anos que pode ser mulher que mais viveu no mundo". G1.globo.com. 16 December 2016. Archived from the original on 24 July 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  50. ^ "Anciana Argentina". Archived from the original on 25 August 2011.
  51. ^ "Margarita Lacsi, "la abuela de todos los jujeños", cumplió 126 años". La Nación (in Spanish). 30 March 2004. Archived from the original on 29 May 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2004.
  52. ^ Télam (28 May 2004). "Falleció una mujer de 126 años en Jujuy" (in Spanish). DiarioC. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  53. ^ Çinar, Mehmet (Doğan Haber Ajansı) (6 March 2011). "126 yaşında öldü!" (in Turkish). Vatan Gazetesi. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  54. ^ Wu, Lilian (Central News Agency) (25 August 2009). "Taiwan's oldest person passes away". Taiwan News. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  55. ^ AP (15 February 2008). "She claims six score, if you're keeping score". Jerusalem: NBC News. Archived from the original on 26 November 2020. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
  56. ^ Shaalan, Hassan (22 December 2012). "'124-year-old' Arab-Israeli woman dies". Ynetnews. Ynetnews.com. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  57. ^ Patience, Martin (15 February 2008). "World's 'oldest' person in Israel". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 February 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2008.
  58. ^ "Mexico's oldest woman – and perhaps oldest in the world – dies at 124". mexicodailynews.com. 14 September 2018. Archived from the original on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  59. ^ Bayoran, Gilbert (11 September 2021). "Philippine's oldest person marks 124th birthday". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on 13 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  60. ^ "Francisca Susano, considered the oldest living Filipino, dies at 124". CNN Philippines. 22 November 2021. Archived from the original on 23 November 2021. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  61. ^ "The Day - Google News Archive Search". Google.com. Archived from the original on 27 April 2022. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  62. ^ "A MULHER MAIS VELHA DO MUNDO VIVE EM ALTO ALEGRE- MA" (in Portuguese). Alto alegre noticias. 7 April 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  63. ^ "Morre no MA a mulher mais velha do mundo" (in Portuguese). Gazeta da Ilha. 18 June 2012. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
  64. ^ "Morre homem considerado na Bolivia o mais velho do mundo". Archived from the original on 12 April 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  65. ^ "Woman who may be world's oldest person dies aged 123 in Presidente Prudente". Archived from the original on 14 June 2022. Retrieved 14 June 2022.
  66. ^ "World's oldest person could be 120-year-old Guatemalan woman". The Tico Times. 28 May 2014. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  67. ^ "Guatemala podría tener a la mujer más anciana del mundo". Guatemala.com. 21 November 2016. Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  68. ^ "Guatemalteca podría ser la mujer más longeva del mundo - Guate News". Guatenews.com. Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  69. ^ "Fallece Juana Chox Yac a los 123 años". Archived from the original on 16 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  70. ^ Sohail (20 May 2018). "The oldest people in Russia - who they are, and how they managed to live so long - Hybridtechcar". hybridtechcar.com. Archived from the original on 30 June 2018. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  71. ^ "Старейшая женщина планеты умерла в Астрахани". Archived from the original on 27 April 2022. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  72. ^ "Religious ceremony planned for oldest woman's birthday". Mmtimes.com. 15 October 2012. Archived from the original on 26 July 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  73. ^ "'Oldest woman' recovers from hen pecking". Mmtimes.com. 6 July 2015. Archived from the original on 26 July 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  74. ^ "Burma Library" (PDF). Burmalibrary.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  75. ^ "PressReader.com - Connecting People Through News". Burmalibrary.org. Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  76. ^ "Appaz İliev 123 yaşında öldü". Archived from the original on 7 February 2022. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  77. ^ "Leute: 122-jährige Vietnamesin ist ältester Mensch". N24.de (in German). Archived from the original on 2 June 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  78. ^ "Cụ bà Việt Nam cao tuổi nhất thế giới đã qua đời - Tin tức trong ngày - Tin tức" (in Vietnamese). 24h.com.vn. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  79. ^ "中国最长寿男人出席新疆60华诞诗朗诵会推介甜果". news.sina.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  80. ^ "Warga Emas Uygur yang Berumur Panjang, 123 Tahun". Malay.cri.cn. Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  81. ^ Christianson, John (2002). On Tycho's island: Tycho Brahe, science, and culture in the sixteenth century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 281. ISBN 978-0-521-00884-6.
  82. ^ "Experts Investigating Family's Claims Woman Lived to 122". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. 3 December 2009. Archived from the original on 7 December 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  83. ^ Peter, Petlee. "Bengalurean at the Bagh". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 20 August 2019. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  84. ^ Centenarian scholar Sudhakar Chaturvedi passes away Archived 27 February 2020 at the Wayback Machine The Hindu
  85. ^ "Evangelist Nehemiah Shawon Ndur, Oldest Man in Benue State Dies at 122". Online Nigeria. Archived from the original on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  86. ^ Olles, Volker (1998). Spuren des Himmelsmeisters: zur Rolle von Zhang Daoling in der frühen daoistischen Religion (in German). Vol. 2. LIT. ISBN 978-3-8258-3771-6.
  87. ^ "Kürdistan'ın en yaşlı kadını 122 yaşında vefat etti" [The oldest woman in Kurdistan passed away at the age of 122]. Rudaw (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 27 October 2021. Retrieved 22 June 2022.

External links[edit]