Longfield

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Longfield
Station Road, Longfield - geograph.org.uk - 165543.jpg
Station Road showing
oast houses converted into shops
St Mary Magdalene, Longfield, Kent - East end - geograph.org.uk - 886204.jpg
Interior of parish church
Longfield is located in Kent
Longfield
Longfield
Location within Kent
Population4,919 (civil parish 2011) [1]
OS grid referenceTQ604688
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLongfield
Postcode districtDA3
Dialling code01474
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°23′46″N 0°18′17″E / 51.3962°N 0.3046°E / 51.3962; 0.3046Coordinates: 51°23′46″N 0°18′17″E / 51.3962°N 0.3046°E / 51.3962; 0.3046

Longfield is a village and civil parish in the Dartford Borough of Kent. It is located 6 miles south east of Dartford and 6 miles south west of Gravesend.

It contains several shops, a pub, a 14th-century church and is recorded in the Domesday Book and Anglo-Saxon charters of 964-995.

History[edit]

The place in Kent is recorded as Langanfelda in the Saxon Charters of 964-995, and as Langafel in the Domesday Book of 1086.[2]

It had been proposed by town planner Patrick Abercrombie as part of the Greater London Plan in the mid-1940s to build a new town in the Longfield area, however other satellite areas around London were selected instead.[3]

Localities[edit]

Longfield and New Barn is a civil parish named after the adjacent villages it covers, the eastern part being New Barn, it also covers the smaller settlement, the neighbourhood of Longfield Hill. Longfield is the ancient village, situated on the road between Dartford and Meopham; the historic church there is dedicated to St Mary Magdalene. New Barn is larger in population than Longfield, although has little in the way of services, being a comparatively recent development and purely residential in nature.

Topography[edit]

Longfield is four miles south east of Dartford and near Gravesend. It is a linear development that is partly contiguous with the village of Hartley immediately to the south.

The whole civil parish gently slopes from southeast and south to north. Elevations range from 92m AOD in the southwest of the developed area of New Barn in the east which is on a wide rise, to 45m AOD in and around the chalk pit just west of Longfield across the largely disused HS1 south-of-London link railway line towards Southfleet (just north of the village). Just above this is the tiny settlement, a farmed area named Pinden, to the south, however before this on the road towards London is another named community, no more than a row of cottages on the road named Whitehill.[4]

The villages of New Barn and Longfield are within and give their names to the civil parish of Longfield and New Barn which also covers the settlement of Longfield Hill. Longfield is the ancient village, situated on the road between Dartford and Meopham. New Barn is larger in population than Longfield, although has little in the way of services, being a recent development and purely a residential location.

Governance[edit]

Longfield fell within the Hundred of Axtane[5] and its successor Dartford Rural District. The Local Government Act 1972 made the village part of the Sevenoaks district of Kent in 1974. It was transferred to the borough of Dartford in 1987.[6]

Dr Howard Stoate (Labour), who had been the MP since 1997, decided not to stand again as a candidate at the 2010 general election.[7] His successor candidate was defeated by Gareth Johnson (Conservative) at that election.

Economy[edit]

The village has a shopping area consisting of a local baker and butcher, two local supermarkets, a post office, chemist, estate agents, hair-dressers, an antiques shop, various restaurants and take-aways, a pet supply store, an undertakers and a country market on Fridays.[8]

Culture[edit]

There is one pub in Longfield, the Railway Tavern.[9] Another, The Wheatsheaf, a 15th-century thatched pub, outside the village on the B255 road to Bluewater.[10] closed down in 2011. The Long Valley Club and the Hartley Country Club are club-based venues restricted to paid membership. Other pubs in the area include the Green Man on Longfield Hill, the White Swan near Ash and the Rising Sun in Fawkham.

The church is dedicated to St Mary Magdalene, and was built in 1343.[11] It is a Grade II* listed building[12]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Longfield railway station serves the area with Southeastern services to London Victoria via Bromley South, Gillingham and services to Ramsgate and Dover Priory.

Buses[edit]

  • 423 to Dartford via Bluewater or to New Ash Green. Mondays to Saturdays only. Operated by Arriva Kent Thameside.
  • 433 to Bluewater or to New Ash Green. Sundays only. Opearted by Arriva Kent Thameside.
  • 474 to Greenhithe via Bluewater. Mondays to Saturdays only. Operated by Go Coach Buses.
  • 475 to Greenhithe via Bluewater. Mondays to Saturdays only. Operated by Go Coach Buses.
  • 489 to Gravesend or to New Ash Green. Operated by Arriva Kent Thameside.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 Census
  2. ^ "history". www.longfieldchurch.org. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  3. ^ "Hartley-Kent: Plans for Hartley New Town 1944". www.hartley-kent.org.uk. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  4. ^ http://getamap.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/getamap/frames.htm?mapAction=gaz&gazName=g&gazString=TQ6169
  5. ^ "N.W.Kent Parishes: Longfield". www.nwkfhs.org.uk. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  6. ^ "The Kent (District Boundaries) Order 1987". www.opsi.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  7. ^ "BBC NEWS". news.bbc.co.uk. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2010. "MP to quit over second job rules"
  8. ^ "Welcome • Longfield Country Market". www.longfieldcountrymarket.co.uk. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  9. ^ "Railway Tavern, Longfield, Kent, DA3 7QD - pub details # beerintheevening.com". www.beerintheevening.com. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  10. ^ "Wheatsheaf, Westwood, Kent, DA13 9PH - pub details # beerintheevening.com". www.beerintheevening.com. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  11. ^ "St. Mary Magdalene Church - Home". www.longfieldchurch.org. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  12. ^ Historic England. "CHURCH OF SAINT MARY MAGDALENE (1239125)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2018.

External links[edit]