|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Longhai's government offices
|Literal meaning||Dragon Sea|
Longhai is a county-level city within the prefecture-level city of Zhangzhou, in the south of Fujian province, People's Republic of China. Longhai comprises territory on both banks of the lower Jiulong River, although most of its area is on the right (southern) bank. The left bank yields to Xiamen before reaching the sea, the right bank becomes the south shore of Xiamen Bay and is home to the Zhangzhou Port tariff-free industrial export zone, in Longhai's Gangwei Town.
Longhai has a population of 801,100.
Following the revocation of the sea ban (haijin) in the late Ming, Yuegang (月港, lit "Moon Harbor") became a key port for China's silver trade with Manila in the Spanish Philippines. It was one of Fujian's four main commercial ports, located within presentday Haicheng in Longhai.
Present-day Longhai is the only county-level city within the prefecture-level city of Zhangzhou. It was formed from the merger of the former Longxi (龍溪縣) and Haicheng (海澄縣) counties on August 15, 1960.
- Shima Subdistrict (石码街道), formerly Shima Town (石码镇)
- Fangshan (榜山镇)
- Baishui (白水镇)
- Gangwei (港尾镇)
- Jiaomei (角美镇)
- Dongyuan (东园镇)
- Zini (紫泥镇)
- Yancuo (颜厝镇)
- Fugong (浮宫镇)
- Chengxi (程溪镇)
- Haicheng (海澄镇)
- Jiuhu (九湖镇)
- Dongsi (东泗乡)
- Longjiao She-nation (隆教畲族乡)
- Liangzhong (良种场)
- Shuangdi Overseas Chinese (双第华侨农场)
- Cangban (苍坂农场)
- Chengxi (程溪农场)
- Jiulongling (九龙岭林场)
- Linxia (林下林场)
(Strictly speaking, the zones stand within the territory of one or another of the city-administered towns, townships, etc. listed above).
- Jiaomei Industrial (角美工业开发区)
- Zhaoshangju Zhangzhou (招商局漳州开发区)
- Dongyuan (东园开发区)
- Longchi (龙池开发区)
Longhai's main (and, presently, only) railway station is called Zhangzhou Railway Station. It is located near Hongtang Village (洪塘村) in Longhai's Yancuo Town, but, as its name indicates, it is actually closer to Zhangzhou's main urban area than to Longhai's. It is the junction of two high-speed rail lines: the Longyan-Xiamen Railway (opened in June 2012) and the Xiamen-Shenzhen Railway (to open by 2013), which share their tracks from Zhangzhou to Xiamen.
Railway development plans also include the construction of a 45-km-long branch line from Zhangzhou Railway Station eastward, across most of Longhai City to terminate at the China Merchants Group industrial area (招商局漳州开发区) in Gangwei Town on the southwestern shore of Xiamen Harbor, opposite Xiamen Island ( ). The branch will be known as Gangwei Railway (港尾铁路), and will support trains running at speeds up to 120 km/h. Its opening is planned for 2013.
- Charles C. Mann (2011), 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created, Random House Digital, pp. 123–163, ISBN 978-0-307-59672-7
- 漳州月港 (Chinese)
- Brook, Timothy (1998), The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China, Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 120–121, ISBN 0-520-21091-3
- 厦深港尾铁路明年通车 漳州高铁增至280多公里 (Xiashen and Gangwei rail lines to open next year; Zhangzhou's high-speed railway lines trackage to exceed 280 km), Haixia Daobao (海峡导报), 2012-08-02,
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Longhai City.|
- Longhai official website (Chinese)