J. R. Forster, 1773
The longnose sucker (Catostomus catostomus) is a species of cypriniform freshwater fish in the family Catostomidae. It is native to North America from the northern United States to the top of the continent. It is also found in Russia in rivers of eastern Siberia, and thus one of only two species of sucker native to Asia (the other is the Chinese Myxocyprinus asiaticus).
Distribution and ecology
The longnose sucker inhabits cold, clear waters, including lakes, pools, rivers and streams, and occasionally also brackish waters. In North America, it ranges north from the Columbia, Delaware, Missouri and Monongahela river basins, as well as the Great Lakes basin. The Russian population, which sometimes is referred to as the Siberian sucker (C. c. rostratus), is found in the Yana, Indigirka, Alazeya and Kolyma river basins.
It is a bottom-feeding fish, eating aquatic plants, algae, and small invertebrates. They are preyed upon by larger predatory fish, such as bass, walleye, trout, northern pike, muskellunge and burbot.
Relationship with humans
- NatureServe. 2014. Catostomus catostomus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T62192A3109321. Retrieved 7 May 2018
- Bonnichsen, Bill; Breckenridge, Roy M. (1982). Cenozoic Geology of Idaho. Idaho Department of Lands, Bureau of Mines and Geology.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Catostomus catostomus" in FishBase. May 2019 version.
- "White Sucker, Catostomus commersoni and Longnose Sucker, Catostomus catostomus". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. State of Michigan. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- Dyldin, Y.V.; L. Hanel; R. Fricke; A.M. Orlov; V.I. Romanov; J. Plesnik; E.A. Interesova; D.S.Vorobiev; M.O. Kochetkova (2020). "Fish diversity in freshwater and brackish water ecosystems of Russia and adjacent waters". Publ.Seto Mar.Biol.Lab. 45: 47–116. doi:10.5134/251251.
- "Sucker, Longnose". igfa.org. International Game Fish Association. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- Earl J.S. Rook (1999) Catostomus catostomus Longnose Sucker A private species profile page.
- University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Fish of the Great Lakes fact sheet