World War I memorial in churchyard
|Intercommunality||CA Baie de Somme|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Alain Drouvin|
|8.06 km2 (3.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||210/km2 (530/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||6–98 m (20–322 ft) |
(avg. 22 m or 72 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Situated on the D3 and D216 junction and on the banks of the Somme River, surrounded by peat fen, some 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Abbeville. The railway from Paris to Boulogne-sur-Mer has a station here.
Les Corps Saints is named after the thousands of supposedly holy relics (the bones of saints, pieces of the ‘true cross’ etc.) brought back by Crusaders from the Holy Land. The region was quite wealthy, thanks to the exploitation of the peat, found here in abundance.
A collegial church was established here, and by the 13th century had attracted the attention of Popes, notably Innocent III and Gregory IX who granted it their protection. It was called at that time "Longpré -les-Corps-Saints". The relics would be promenaded through the streets, a practise which still goes on nowadays.
Longpré was burnt down twice by the English during the Hundred Years War, the first time just before the Battle of Crécy, the second time before the Battle of Agincourt.
Pope Eugene IV had the badly damaged church rebuilt in 1437.
During the Wars of Religion, to avoid the Huguenots, the inhabitants of Longpré ran way. The clergy of the collegial church, the canons, took refuge at Saint-Vulfran’s abbey in Abbeville. Afterward, the collegial chapter was restored, but it was never as great as in its earlier days. By the time of the French Revolution, there were only 10 canons.
On 28 December 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War, the Germans fought and killed 8 and wounded 15 combatants and civilians. 60 French prisoners were taken
From 28 May to 6 June 1940, French troops were engaged in defending the town against the panzers of General Rommel. The town was reduced to rubble. 90% of the town was destroyed and the spire of the church collapsed.
Places of interest
- The church
- The 1870 war memorial, listing 5 dead
- The 1914-1918 war memorial, listing 42 French dead.
- The British war cemetery 1914-1918 contains the remains of 78 British & Commonwealth troops and one French soldier.
- Memorial to the Battle of France, June 1940
- "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- "Source:Fcvnet". Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2008.
- Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
- page 286, Tome I de « Histoire des Cathédrales, Abbayes, Châteaux-forts et Villes de la Picardie et de l'Artois », Paul Roger, Editions Duval et Herment, Amiens, 1842 (Réimpression Editions La Découvrance, 2003) - ISBN 2842652061
- Document conservé aux Archives Départementales
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Longpré-les-Corps-Saints.|
- Eric Bailly’s history of the village (in French)
- Postcards from between the two world wars. (in French)
- Photos by Eric Bailly (in French)