Longreach: the river water tower
|Population||2,970 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||191.0 m (627 ft)2209.5|
Longreach is a town in Central West Queensland, Australia, approximately 700 km (430 mi) from the coast, west of Rockhampton. The town is named after the "long reach" of the Thomson River on which it is situated. The town was gazetted in 1887, and the railway reached the town in 1892, causing the population to grow. It is the administrative centre of the Longreach Regional Council, which was established in 2008 as a merger of the former Longreach, Ilfracombe, and Isisford shires.
The town is on the Tropic of Capricorn. The main industries of the area are cattle, sheep, and, more recently, tourism.
A number of Queensland towns have their streets named to a theme. In Longreach, the streets are named after species of birds, with the streets running east-west named after water birds and those running north-south after land birds. The main business street is called Eagle Street. Other streets honour Hudson Fysh, an Australian aviation pioneer, and Sir James Walker, a farmer and long-serving mayor of the former Longreach Shire Council.
Notable Australians to have been born or lived in Longreach include former Australian Governor-General Quentin Bryce, iconic Purple Hearts and Coloured Balls guitarist Lobby Loyde, comedian Carl Barron and rugby league footballer Matthew Scott.
Longreach is the home of the Australian Stockman's Hall of Fame, which was officially opened in 1988 by Queen Elizabeth II. The purpose of the centre is to showcase the history and the culture of life in rural Australia. Since its opening, over 1 million people have passed through its doors.
Longreach was one of the founding centres for Qantas, the Australian domestic and international airline. One of the airline's original hangars remains in use at the Longreach Airport and is listed on the Australian National Heritage List. The town is now the home of the Qantas Founders Outback Museum, which includes amongst its displays a decommissioned Qantas Boeing 747-200 aircraft, registration VH-EBQ, The City of Bunbury, and Qantas's first jet aircraft VH-XBA (formerly VH-EBA), a Boeing 707, The City of Canberra. In recognition of the town's place in company history, as well as a play on the airliner's extended range, all of Qantas's Boeing 747-400s have "Longreach" printed on both sides of the first jetway entry/exit doors.
The town is home to the Australian Agricultural College's Longreach Campus, which prepares students for work in the agricultural and pastoral industries. It was known previously as the Longreach Pastoral College. The campus was opened in 1967. Adjacent to the college is the Longreach School of Distance Education, which provides lessons to remote students, formerly by HF radio but now using telephone lines.
Longreach State School opened on 22 May 1893 with an enrolment of 102 students. Longreach State High School opened on 24 January 1966. Longreach School of Distance Education opened on 27 January 1987.
At the 2011 Australian Census Longreach recorded a population of 3,137.
Shopping facilities in the town include IGA, Foodworks and Prices Plus.
The Longreach Leader newspaper is issued weekly. The Longreach area is also served by several locally based radio stations including ABC Western Queensland, and commercial stations 4LG and West FM.
Longreach has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Capricorn Highway: Longreach railway station
- 111 Ibis Street: Longreach Ambulance Centre
- Landsborough Highway: Qantas Hangar
- 12 Swan Street: former Longreach Powerhouse
- Bruce Saunders, politician
|Climate chart (explanation)|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Longreach (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- "Where the streets have bird names". ABC Western Queensland. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 22 February 2013. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Millions of locusts swarm Central Queensland town of Longreach". The Courier-Mail website. News Limited. 6 April 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Locust plague prompts fears for crops". ABC News website. ABC. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Longreach SS". Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "Longreach SHS". Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "Longreach School of Distance Education". Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland schools". Education Queensland.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Longreach (Urban Centre)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- "Powerhouse Museum Longreach". Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "Longreach Library". Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Longreach Leader". Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "Longreach Railway Station (entry 601970)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "QATB Centre (former) (entry 600663)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "Qantas Museum/Former Qantas Hangar (entry 600664)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "Longreach Powerhouse (former) (entry 601541)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "Climate statistics for Australian locations - Longreach Aero (records began in 1949)". BOM. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
Media related to Longreach, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons