Longshan Temple (Jinjiang)

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Longshan Temple
龙山寺
Anhai Longshan Si 20120228-2.jpg
A censer in front of a hall at Longshan Temple.
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
DeityChan Buddhism
Location
LocationAnhai Town, Jinjiang, Fujian
CountryChina
Longshan Temple (Jinjiang) is located in Fujian
Longshan Temple (Jinjiang)
Shown within Fujian
Longshan Temple (Jinjiang) is located in China
Longshan Temple (Jinjiang)
Longshan Temple (Jinjiang) (China)
Geographic coordinates24°43′43″N 118°28′23″E / 24.728749°N 118.473053°E / 24.728749; 118.473053Coordinates: 24°43′43″N 118°28′23″E / 24.728749°N 118.473053°E / 24.728749; 118.473053
Architecture
StyleChinese architecture
Date established618–619
Completed1708 (reconstruction)

Longshan Temple (simplified Chinese: 龙山寺; traditional Chinese: 龍山寺; pinyin: Lóngshān Sì) is a Buddhist temple located on the foot of Mount Long (龙山; 'Dragon Mountain') in Anhai Town of Jinjiang, Fujian, China.[1] The eldest thing in the temple is the statue of Thousand-armed and eyed Guanyin, which was supposed carved by ancient Indian monk Yilisha (一粒沙).[2] It was transformed and expanded many times throughout Chinese history till now. There are dozens of which are built after the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Longshan Temple is the ancestral temple of 400 Buddhist temples with the same name in Taiwan.[3][4]

History[edit]

Longshan Temple.

Tang dynasty[edit]

Longshan Temple was originally built between 618 and 619, at the dawn of the Tang dynasty (618–907). It initially called "Puxian Temple" (普现寺) and "Tianzhu Temple" (天竺寺; 'Temple of Tianzhu (India)'), more commonly known as the "Guanyin Hall" (观音殿).[5]

Ming dynasty[edit]

The present version was completed in 1623, during the reign of Tianqi Emperor (1621–1627) in the late Ming dynasty (1368–1644).[5]

Qing dynasty[edit]

In 1684, in the 23rd year of Kangxi period (1662–1722) in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), Shi Lang appropriated a large sum of money for constructing buildings of the temple. And the temple was largely extended in 1708.[5]

People's Republic of China[edit]

Longshan Temple has been designated as a National Key Buddhist Temple in Han Chinese Area by the State Council of China in 1983.

In May 2013, Longshan Temple was listed among the seventh group of "Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Fujian" by the State Council of China.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Hall of Four Heavenly Kings[edit]

The Hall of Four Heavenly Kings is the frontal hall in the temple, for the worship of Four Heavenly Kings, namely the eastern Dhṛtarāṣṭra, the southern Virūḍhaka, the western Virūpākṣa and the northern Vaiśravaṇa.[5]

Mahavira Hall[edit]

The Mahavira Hall is with double-eave gable and hip roof. A gilded copper statue of Sakyamuni are enshrined in the middle of the hall.[5]

Yuantong Hall[edit]

The Yuantong Hall (圆通宝殿) is the main hall in the temple. It was first built in the Sui dynasty (589–618) and rebuilt in the late Qing dynasty (1644–1911). The hall is 11.8-metre (39 ft) high, five rooms wide, three rooms deep and covers an area of 483-square-kilometre (186 sq mi). The hall has double-eave gable and hip roof. On each end of the main ridge is a giant glazed green Chinese dragon, which known as Chiwen in Chinese architecture. There is a pair of 10-meter stone pillars with dragon patterns carved on it. The two lively dragons face each other and seem to fight against each other.[5]

The Yuantong Hall enshrining a wood carving statue of Thousand-armed and eyed Guanyin. It is 4.2-metre (14 ft) high with 1,008 arms on both sides of the body. The middle two hands are in closing palm posture and other hands are holding Vajras, sutra scrolls Dharma seals and other weapons. There are several small statues of Buddha on its head.[5]

Television series[edit]

Longshan Temple was used for location filming of 2015 documentary Longshan Temple.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Longshan Temple". jinjiang.gov.cn. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  2. ^ a b 安海龙山寺:一道山门隔出两个世界 四百多座子寺遍布台湾. iFeng (in Chinese). 2014-11-06.
  3. ^ 探访台湾四百多座龙山寺的祖庙——福建龙山寺. chinanews.com (in Chinese). 2016-12-21.
  4. ^ 台湾四百龙山寺溯本逐源在安海(图). 163.com (in Chinese). 2014-12-19.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Longshan Temple in Jinjiang". chinabuddhism.com.cn (in Chinese). 2012-03-13.
  6. ^ 讲述海峡两岸佛缘传奇纪录片《龙山寺》在台湾播出. taiwan.cn (in Chinese). 2015-05-28.