Longteng Bridge

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Longteng Bridge

龍騰斷橋
Longteng Bridge c. 1910
Longteng Bridge c. 1910
Coordinates24°21′30.4″N 120°46′25.8″E / 24.358444°N 120.773833°E / 24.358444; 120.773833Coordinates: 24°21′30.4″N 120°46′25.8″E / 24.358444°N 120.773833°E / 24.358444; 120.773833
CarriesRailroad
Crosses(三叉河; Sānchā hé)
LocaleLongteng Village, Sanyi, Miaoli County, Taiwan
Official name魚藤坪斷橋
OwnerTaiwan Railway Administration
Characteristics
DesignMasonry arch (approach) and truss (span)
MaterialBrick (arch) and Steel (truss)
No. of spans9
History
Designer稻垣兵太郎
Engineering design by
Construction start1 May 1906[2]
Construction end30 January 1907[2]
Collapsed21 April 1935
(during 1935 Shinchiku-Taichū earthquake)[2]
Longteng Bridge is located in Taiwan
Longteng Bridge
Longteng Bridge
Location of Longteng Bridge in Taiwan

The Longteng Bridge (Chinese: 龍騰斷橋; pinyin: Lóngténg Duànqiáo), officially known as the Yutengping Bridge (魚藤坪斷橋; Yúténg-píng Duànqiáo), is a former bridge in Longteng Village, Sanyi Township, Miaoli County, Taiwan.[3]

History[edit]

Longteng Bridge pier remains in 1998, with replacement 1938 iron bridge behind

The bridge was built in 1906 during Japanese rule, and was named Gyotōhei kyō (魚藤坪橋). It was designed by the American civil engineers Theodore Cooper and C.C. Schneider for the colonial government. Both the bridge and nearby village (modern-day Longteng) were named Gyotōhei (魚藤坪) after a local plant Millettia pachycarpa (Chinese: 魚藤; pinyin: yúténg; Japanese pronunciation: gyotō) believed to be poisonous to fish; legends believed that a malevolent carp in a nearby lake was responsible for misfortune, and residents planted the shrub to counter the carp.[4] The original design consists of a central steel truss flanked by multiple brick masonry arch approaches.

Longteng Bridge pier remains
Longteng Bridge pier remains

The April 1935 Shinchiku-Taichū earthquake and subsequent aftershocks in July damaged the bridge beyond repair. Several masonry arches were cracked and the north and south ends of the truss became misaligned. A new iron bridge was built in 1938, 80 meters to the west of Longteng Bridge, and the central truss was dismantled once the new bridge opened.[2] Longteng of the bridge's common name is from the name of Longteng Village and gained use after the Japanese handover of Taiwan.

The 1999 921 earthquake caused one of the remaining piers to collapse and as a result, the county government decided to rededicate the bridge's remains as a monument to the two deadliest earthquakes in Taiwan's history. It was placed on the list of Taiwan's Cultural Heritage Assets (Historical Site #KA09602001112) on 25 November 2003.[2]

Architecture[edit]

1938 Longteng Bridge

The 1938 bridge stands at 50 meters tall and 200 meters long, making it the highest iron bridge in Taiwan.

The ruined 1907 bridge piers are covered with white tung tree flowers (桐花; tóng huā) every year from April to May, marking the height of its popularity as a tourist and hiking destination.

Transportation[edit]

The bridge is accessible by taxi south from Sanyi Station of Taiwan Railways Administration.

Between 2010 and 2011, the station was accessible by Yutengping Station, which has since been removed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Griggs Jr., Frank (January 2011). "Great Achievements: Charles Conrad Schneider" (PDF). Structure: 44–45. Retrieved 21 March 2015. In 1903 he, along with Theodore Cooper, was appointed by the Government of Japan to develop sets of plans for Japanese railroad bridges.
  2. ^ a b c d e f 魚藤坪斷橋 [Yutengping Bridge]. Taiwan Bureau of Cultural Heritage (in Chinese). 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  3. ^ "Miaoli County: Longteng Bridge". TravelKing. 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Remains of Longteng Bridge in Sanyi". Tourism Bureau, Republic of China (Taiwan). 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.

External links[edit]

  • 魚藤坪斷橋 [Yutengping Bridge]. Miaoli County International Culture and Tourism Bureau (in Chinese). 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  • 魚藤坪斷橋 [Yutengping Bridge]. Taiwan Bureau of Cultural Heritage (in Chinese). 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  • Huang, Tony (22 May 2007). "Tony的自然人文旅記(0528)" [Tony's Natural and Cultural Tour Memories (0528)]. Tony Huang (in Chinese). Retrieved 21 March 2015.