Longton, Staffordshire

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Longton
Longton - geograph.org.uk - 276431.jpg
Longton Town Hall
Longton is located in Staffordshire
Longton
Longton
Location within Staffordshire
Population27,214 
OS grid referenceSJ911433
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTOKE-ON-TRENT
Postcode districtST3
Dialling code01782
PoliceStaffordshire
FireStaffordshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire
52°59′16″N 2°07′58″W / 52.9877°N 2.1327°W / 52.9877; -2.1327Coordinates: 52°59′16″N 2°07′58″W / 52.9877°N 2.1327°W / 52.9877; -2.1327

Longton is one of the six towns which amalgamated to form the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent in 1910, along with Hanley, Tunstall, Fenton, Burslem and Stoke-upon-Trent.

History[edit]

Longton ('long village') was a market town in the parish of Stoke in the county of Staffordshire. The town still has a market housed in an attractively renovated market hall.

Coal miners in the Hanley and Longton area ignited the 1842 general strike and associated Pottery Riots.

In March 1865, Longton and Lane End were incorporated as the Borough of Longton. On 1 April 1910, the town was federated into the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent.

Arnold Bennett referred to Longton as Longshaw, one of the "five towns" featured in his novels set in the Staffordshire Potteries.

Aynsley Pottery

Industry[edit]

The district has a long history as a base for the pottery industry, such as Paragon China and Aynsley, and several major manufacturers still have a presence, along with Gladstone Pottery Museum. Roslyn Works, which adjoins the latter, is now home to several small-scale manufacturers of ceramics.

Florence colliery, which opened in the 19th century, was one of the pits of the North Staffordshire Coalfield. It was connected underground to another pit at Hem Heath. It was closed in the 1990s.

Landmarks[edit]

Public buildings[edit]

Longton Town Hall, which was completed in 1844 and was the local seat of government until 1910, was being stripped out by contractors when it was saved from demolition in 1986.[1]

Industrial buildings[edit]

Bottle oven at Minkstone Works, Longton

There are fewer than 50 surviving bottle ovens in the city of Stoke-on-Trent (and only a scattering elsewhere in the UK). The kilns of the Gladstone Pottery Museum, along with others in the Longton conservation area represent a significant proportion of the national stock of the structures.[2] The bottle ovens of Longton have been promoted as a tourist attraction.[3] In the 21st century, the condition of some of the bottle ovens has given cause for concern. A Stoke-on-Trent Ceramic Heritage Action Zone was created with the double function of regenerating Longton and surviving bottle ovens throughout the city.[4][5]

Transport[edit]

In 1997 Longton's one-way system was bypassed when a new section of the A50 was opened. It runs from Blythe Bridge to Queensway (a section of the A500), going through Longton in a cutting.

The A50 near to its cutting. The prominent building is the Sutherland Institute, Longton's library.[6]

Longton is served by a railway station on the Crewe–Derby line. It was opened by the North Staffordshire Railway on 7 August 1848. A new bus interchange was opened adjacent to it in 2003 on the site of a former Co-op supermarket.

Education[edit]

Secondary schools in the area include St Thomas More Catholic Academy and Stoke Studio College.

Together with Rochdale, then in Lancashire, Longton was host to the first Workers' Educational Association tutorial classes. R. H. Tawney, known as "the patron saint of adult education",[7] taught the classes for three years starting in January 1908.

Retail[edit]

A new shopping precinct, the Bennett Precinct, opened in 1962.[8] It is now named Longton Exchange.

In 2003 a Tesco Extra hypermarket was built (there are other Tesco stores at Meir). Since then, other major retailers such as Argos, Next, Pizza Hut, Matalan, Wilko and B & M have opened new premises.

Building firm St. Modwen's opened an £8 million retail complex in April 2012. The stores there include McDonald's, Pets at Home, Smyths and Currys.

Other local businesses like Hylands and Bevans have also thrived in the area.

Nightlife[edit]

Jollees Cabaret Club was a very popular nightspot in the 1970s, attracting some of the biggest names in entertainment. In the early 1990s, Shelley's Laserdome became widely known throughout the Midlands as a rave venue, but it was forced to close in 1992.

Notable people[edit]

Sport[edit]

Trivia[edit]

  • Longton is the birthplace and home of Alan Povey's character Owd Grandad Piggott
  • Black Country folk singer/songwriter, Neil Morris, now lives near Longton

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From Sentinel legend John Abberley's archive we look at Longton's Town Hall". Stoke Sentinel. 30 October 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Longton Conservation Area" (PDF). 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Heritage Open Days event - Walking to Bottle Ovens in Longton".
  4. ^ "Stoke-on-Trent Ceramic Heritage Zone". Historic England.
  5. ^ Corrigan, Phil (October 2020). "£800,000 scheme to 'transform' historic town centre buildings". Sentinel. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Listed buildings in Stoke-on-Trent".
  7. ^ Elsey, B. (1987) ‘R. H. Tawney – Patron saint of adult education’, in P. Jarvis (ed.) "Twentieth Century Thinkers in Adult Education", Beckenham: Croom Helm
  8. ^ Abberley, John (2003). The Way We Were in the 1960s: Memories of Staffordshire in Photographs. Altrincham: Hochland Communications Ltd. ISBN 1-904038-07-7.

External links[edit]