Longtown, Missouri

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Longtown, Missouri
Village
Longtown, Missouri from Highway 61
Longtown, Missouri from Highway 61
Location of Longtown, Missouri
Location of Longtown, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°40′12″N 89°46′25″W / 37.67000°N 89.77361°W / 37.67000; -89.77361Coordinates: 37°40′12″N 89°46′25″W / 37.67000°N 89.77361°W / 37.67000; -89.77361
Country United States
State Missouri
County Perry
Township Union
Area[1]
 • Total 0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
 • Land 0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 646 ft (197 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 102
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 101
 • Density 780/sq mi (300/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63775
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-43940[4]
GNIS feature ID 1699793[5]

Longtown is a village in Union Township in Perry County, Missouri, in the United States. The population was 102 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Some of the earliest Europeans to put down roots in the area were English and Scotch-Irish Presbyterian settlers from Rowan, Iredell, Cabarrus, and Mecklenburg counties in North Carolina who settled to the south in Brazeau in 1817. Soon after, in 1821, they were followed by English and Scotch-Irish Methodists also hailing from North Carolina, settling in the present area of Longtown.[6] Among the earliest families were the Abernathys, Farrars, and Rutledgers.[7] These settlers were part of a large exodus from the Piedmont region of North Carolina following the War of 1812.[8] In 1826 these settlers built their first log meeting house which was replaced with York Chapel Methodist church in 1836.[9][10]

The settlement was initially known as the “Abernathy Settlement”,[11] although at this point the settlement could not be considered an organized community, as the population lay scattered on farms in the surrounding area. Emil Urban and Oliver Abernathy were the first merchants in the settlement. By 1860 a core community had formed along the King’s Road (French: Le Chemin du Roi, Spanish: El Camino Real), known today as King’s Highway, but also known then as the Perryville-Jackson Road.[12]

In April 1874 the town had been incorporated as "Longtown". Two theories abound to the origin of the name. One early explanation gives that the town was named after a German couple that immigrated to the area – Johann and Maria Lang (Lang being German for ‘long’). The other explanation given is that the town was named after John Long, one of the earlier settlers. The first mayor was Velentine Bergmann.[13] A post office was established in 1883 (closing in 1966).[14]

Up until 1881 the Protestant German population had been members of the Frieden (Peace) Lutheran Congregation in nearby Friedenberg. However, due to the dirt roads becoming impassable in wet seasons or freezing temperatures in winter, the need for a local church had grown. In 1882, Rev. A.G. Wetzel organized the Cross Congregation Lutheran Church, Ohio Synod, in the school house in Longtown with former members of the Peace Lutheran Congregation of Friedenberg who followed the distinctive teachings of the Ohio Synod. However, the church faced poor prospects because of limited membership.

Another Lutheran church - Zion Lutheran Church Missouri Synod - was established in 1897 with Rev. G.D. Hamm acting as the first pastor. The original Zion Lutheran church was built of wood, but by 1912 had been replaced by the present brick church.

By 1883, the members of Cross Lutheran church had been asked to leave the schoolhouse as the building belonged to "Longtowners". Rev. Wetzel moved to a different location, more north-east of Longtown and organized and built the Cross Lutheran Church, Ohio Synod. The small church only existed for 15 years from 1883 to 1898. Only the small Cross Cemetery remains along country road #316.[15]

In the early part of the 20th century Longtown had a population of 158, with two churches, a public school, three general stores, a bank, a tavern and a flouring mill, and had largely remained a farming community.[16][17] On April 20, 1936 the Hacker & Funke General Store and Barbershop had suffered severe fire damage. In 1946 the Friedenberg Parochial School consolidated with the Longtown Parochial School. In 1981 a fire completely destroyed the Wallace Hacker General Store.[18]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2), all of it land.[1][19]

Location of Nearby Communities[edit]

Nearby communities
LongtownLongtown
Community with 41 inhabitants (2000)Rockwood (12.4 miles)
Community with 309 inhabitants (2000)Altenburg (10.6 miles)
Community with 11 inhabitants (2000)Biehle (5.8 miles)
Community with 192 inhabitants (2000)Frohna (8.6 miles)
Community with 202 inhabitants (2000)Oak Ridge (11.9 miles)
Community with 82 inhabitants (2000)Old Appleton (6 miles)
Community with 7667 inhabitants (2000)Perryville (6.1 miles)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 108
1910 158 46.3%
1920 162 2.5%
1930 150 −7.4%
1940 138 −8.0%
1950 139 0.7%
1960 113 −18.7%
1970 113 0.0%
1980 121 7.1%
1990 107 −11.6%
2000 76 −29.0%
2010 102 34.2%
Est. 2016 101 [3] −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 102 people, 39 households, and 30 families residing in the village. The population density was 784.6 inhabitants per square mile (302.9/km2). There were 47 housing units at an average density of 361.5 per square mile (139.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.02% White and 0.98% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population.

There were 39 households of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.4% were married couples living together, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.1% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the village was 36.7 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 2.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 76 people, 31 households, and 23 families residing in the town. The population density was 595.4 people per square mile (225.7/km²). There were 41 housing units at an average density of 321.2 per square mile (121.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.68% White, 1.32% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.

There were 31 households out of which 22.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.0% were married couples living together, 3.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were non-families. 12.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the town the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 36.8% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 130.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $55,000, and the median income for a family was $55,000. Males had a median income of $31,094 versus $20,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,724. There were 14.3% of families and 7.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 66.7% of those over 64.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Walter A. Schroeder (2002). "Opening the Ozarks: A Historical Geography of Missouri's Ste. Genevieve District, 1760-1830". ISBN 9780826263063. 
  7. ^ 'Gone But Not Forgotten'-Missouri Pioneers
  8. ^ Walter A. Schroeder (2002). "Opening the Ozarks: A Historical Geography of Missouri's Ste. Genevieve District, 1760-1830". ISBN 9780826263063. 
  9. ^ Robert Sidney Douglass (1912). "History of Southeast Missouri: A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress, Its People and Its Principal Interests, Volume 1". 
  10. ^ Col Jones Abernathy (1764 - 1835) - Find A Grave Memorial
  11. ^ Robert Allen Campbell (1875). "Campbell's Gazetteer of Missouri: From Articles Contributed by Prominent". 
  12. ^ Walter A. Schroeder (2002). "Opening the Ozarks: A Historical Geography of Missouri's Ste. Genevieve District, 1760-1830". ISBN 9780826263063. 
  13. ^ A Directory of Towns, Villages, and Hamlets Past and Present of Perry County, Missouri Compiled by Arthur Paul Moser "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 2013-11-26. 
  14. ^ Missouri Postal History Society "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  15. ^ Cross Lutheran Church 1882-Longtown, Missouri Perry County http://www.slcl.org/content/cross-lutheran-church-longtown-perry-county-missouri
  16. ^ Full text of "History of southeast Missouri : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests"
  17. ^ By Missouri. State Banking Dept (1915). "Biennial Report on Examinations of the State Banks and Trust Companies of Missouri to the ... General Assembly of the State of Missouri ... , Volume 10". 
  18. ^ The Southeast Missourian Newspaper, April 20, 1936 https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1893&dat=19360420&id=xVYfAAAAIBAJ&sjid=q9IEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4011,3277729
  19. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  20. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.