Longwood (Natchez, Mississippi)
|Location||140 Lower Woodville Road, Natchez, Mississippi|
|Architectural style||Octagon Mode, Italian Villa|
|NRHP reference No.||69000079|
|Added to NRHP||December 16, 1969|
|Designated NHL||December 16, 1969|
|Designated USMS||November 29, 1994|
Longwood, also known as Nutt's Folly, is a historic antebellum octagonal mansion located at 140 Lower Woodville Road in Natchez, Mississippi, United States. Built in part by enslaved people, the mansion is on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, and is a National Historic Landmark. Longwood is the largest octagonal house in the United States.
Description and history
Samuel Sloan, a Philadelphia architect, designed the home in 1859 for cotton planter Haller Nutt. Work was halted in 1861 at the start of the American Civil War. Nutt died of pneumonia in 1864, leaving the work incomplete. Of the 32 rooms planned for the house, only nine rooms on the basement floor were completed.
Haller Nutt's never-finished Natchez home, Longwood, was the last burst of Southern opulence before war and the federal ban on enslaving people brought the cotton barons' dominance to an end. Longwood survived decades of neglect and near-abandonment to become one of Natchez' most popular attractions.
Longwood is owned and operated as a historic house museum by the Pilgrimage Garden Club; it is also available for rent.
In popular culture
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Mississippi
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Adams County, Mississippi
- "Mississippi Landmarks" (PDF). Mississippi Department of Archives and History. May 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 9, 2010. Retrieved April 20, 2009.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "Longwood". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2007-10-20.
- Kristin Reichardt Kirwan (July 2007). "Echoes of an Era". Decor & Style Magazine.
The most fascinating house in Natchez … is the ghostly masterpiece of Longwood. The home was to include architectural features that were ahead of their time: The exterior double walls were 27 inches thick with a 5-inch air space to leave room for sliding glass windows to provide maximum ventilation. Running water was to have been brought into the house via pipes connected to the dome on the roof, in which rainwater could be stored.
- Patricia Heintzelman (May 30, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Longwood / Nutt's Folly" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help) and Accompanying 13 images, exterior and interior, from 1960, 1969, 1975, and undated. (4.58 MB)
- "Pilgrimage Historical Association Collection: Nutt Family Papers 1841-1911". Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
- Natchez Mansions. "Longwood". Archived from the original on 2003-07-14. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
Longwood in its unfinished state illustrates the impact of the Civil War on the economy of the South.
- "Ghost Town of Rodney". Southpoint Travel Guide. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
- "Bob Vila's Guide to Historic Homes of America". A&E Network. 1996.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Longwood (Natchez, Mississippi).|
- Stanton Hall & Longwood
- Natchez Pilgrimage Tours - provides tours that include Longwood
- Owen Tyler. "Longwood, property of the Pilgrimage Garden Club".
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. MS-1, "Longwood, Natchez vicinity, Adams County, MS"