Lonicera tatarica

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Lonicera tatarica
Tartarian Honeysuckle Flowers (3598143554).jpg
Naturalized near Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Lonicera
Species:
L. tatarica
Binomial name
Lonicera tatarica
Synonyms[1]
  • Caprifolium tataricum (L.) Kuntze
  • Chamaecerasus tatarica (L.) Medik.
  • Lonicera micrantha (Trautv.) Trautv. ex Regel
  • Xylosteon tartaricum (L.) Medik
  • Xylosteon tataricum (L.) Michx.

Lonicera tatarica is a species of honeysuckle known by the common name Tatarian honeysuckle.[2] It is native to Siberia and other parts of eastern Asia, but it is probably better known in North America, where it is a widespread introduced species and noxious weed. This plant, one of several exotic bush honeysuckles present in North America,[3] was introduced as an ornamental plant in 1752.[4] It is known across the continent west to Alaska and California, where it easily grows in disturbed habitat. It is a bushy shrub which may approach three meters in erect height. It is lined with oval or rounded leaves 3 to 6 centimeters long. The inflorescence is generally a pair of white to pink to crimson red flowers each about 1.5 centimeters long. The flowers are somewhat tubular, their stamens and styles protruding. The fruit is a shiny orange or red berry up to a centimeter wide. The plant forms thickets and spreads easily when birds and other animals consume the fruits.

The fruits are not edible for humans.

In cultivation, Lonicera tartarica has hybridized with other shrubby species of Lonicera. Crossed with L. morrowii, it forms the invasive hybrid L. × bella.[5] It can also hybridize with L. ruprechtiana and L. xylosteum.[6]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ US Forest Service Weed of the Week
  4. ^ Invasive.org
  5. ^ Barnes, William J. & Cottam, Grant (1974). "Some Autecological Studies of the Lonicera × bella Complex". Ecology. 55 (1): 40–50. JSTOR 1934616.
  6. ^ Green, P.S. (1966). "Identification of the Species and Hybrids in the Lonicera tatarica Complex". Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. 47 (1): 75–88. JSTOR 43781553.

External links[edit]