Lonnie R. Moore
|Lonnie R. Moore|
Lonnie R. Moore in the early 1950s
|Born||July 13, 1920|
|Died||January 10, 1956
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida
|Service/branch||United States Army Air Forces
United States Air Force
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Flying Cross (3)
Bronze Star Medal
Air Medal (15)
Lonnie R. Moore (13 July 1920 – 10 January 1956) was a United States military aviator who flew 54 combat missions in Martin B-26 Marauders during World War II, and whom became a double jet ace during the Korean War, downing ten MiG-15s and one probable while flying North American F-86 Sabres. He was killed in the crash of a new fighter type at Eglin AFB, Florida, at age 35.
During World War II, Moore piloted B-26 Marauder medium bombers of the 596th Bomb Squadron (Medium), 397th Bomb Group (Medium), in the European Theatre of Operations, flying 54 missions, and being downed twice. In both cases, he evaded capture to return to duty. On 2 December 1944, Moore and his crew bailed out of B-26G-5-MA, 43-34290, over Nogent sur Vernisson, France, after an engine caught fire.
In the post-war era, he transitioned to fighter aircraft. As a captain, he was assigned to the Air Proving Ground Command at Eglin AFB, Florida, in 1951, where he served as a project officer during the Korean War, deploying TDY to Korea to perform a test under combat conditions with the 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing in the modified F-86F-2 Sabre, upgunned with the M39 cannon. During the test mission he downed two MiG-15s with the new weapon. Remaining in Korea after the test was completed, he flew 100 combat missions, destroying ten MiGs, plus one probable. On 30 April 1953, on his 54th mission, Moore was forced to bail out of disabled F-86F-2, 51–2803, due to an engine stall following cannon-firing, approximately 20 miles north of Ch'o Do Island, coming down in the Yellow Sea. He was plucked from the water as soon as he got out of his parachute harness by a YH-19 helicopter of the 3d Air Rescue Squadron that had monitored his descent.
Moore scored his fifth aerial victory on 18 June 1953.
Returning to Eglin by the last quarter of 1953, Moore was one of seven fighter pilots "who made exceptional records in Korea" profiled by Collier's Magazine in the October issue. Moore served as the Air Force Operational Test Center's chief project officer for operational suitability tests of the Air Force's first supersonic jet fighter, the F-100A Super Sabre, in 1954, and the F-100C, from October 1955, on which test program Moore served as senior project officer, from April 1955.
On 10 January 1956, Moore was killed in the take-off crash of an F-101A-15-MC Voodoo, 53-2443, from Eglin AFB. Moore was making his first flight in the new fighter design but the jet pitched up and crashed in the center of the airfield just after becoming airborne, appearing to explode on impact. Although the crash site was only 200 yards from the fire station, and the blaze extinguished within three minutes, the pilot had no chance to escape and was killed. He was survived by his widow, the former Billie Geneva Hall, (also reported as Billie Geneeva Hall) of Dallas, Texas, and five children, Robert Barnes, 15; Barbara W., 13; Lonnie R. Jr., 7; Tina Gail, 3 1/2 and Steven Scott, 20 months old. Moore had been a resident of Fort Walton Beach, Florida for five years.
Honors and awards
Moore held 14 decorations, including the Nation's second highest award, the Distinguished Service Cross, plus the Silver Star, the Distinguished Flying Cross with two oak clusters, the Bronze Star and the Air Medal with 14 clusters.
- "Double Jet Ace Dies In Crash: Maj. Moore Is Victim At Eglin Field [sic]". The Okaloosa News-Journal. 42 (2). 12 January 1956. p. 6.
- "December 1944 USAAF Overseas Accident Reports". Aviation Archaeological Investigation & Research.
- Sayles, Herbert (14 July 1955). "Air Force Test Tube". The All Florida Weekly Magazine. Ocala, Florida: Perry Printing Process Company. 3 (25): 3.
- Toliver, Raymond F. and Constable, Trevor J., "Fighter Aces of the U.S.A.", Aero Publishers, Inc., Fallbrook, California, 1979, Library of Congress card number 79-53300, ISBN 0-8168-5792-X, pages 310, 318.
- "USAF/USAAF Aircraft Accidents 1943 – 1955 for Korea". Accident-Report.com.
- Marion, Forrest L. (Spring 2002). "Sabre Pilot Pickup: Unconventional Contributions to Air Superiority in Korea". Air Power History. 49 (1).
- "Capt. Lonnie R. Moore". Get Out and Walk.
- Wagner, Ray, "The North American Sabre", Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York, 1963, page 62.
- Fort Walton Beach, Florida, "Fort Walton Beach Ace Is Featured In Magazine Story", Playground News, Thursday 15 October 1953, Volume 8, Number 38, page 12.
- Fort Walton Beach, Florida, "Five F-100C Super Sabres Arrive at Eglin for Tests", Playground News, Thursday 6 October 1955, Volume 9, Number 87, page 20.
- "Lonnie R. Moore, Double Jet Ace, Dies in Crash". Playground News. 10 (49). Fort Walton Beach, Florida. 12 January 1956. p. 1.
- "F-101A single-seat fighter". Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Reunion Group.
- "Lonnie R. Moore". Hall of Valor. Military Times.