Lonoke County, Arkansas

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Lonoke County, Arkansas
Lonoke, AR 001.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Lonoke County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded April 16, 1873
Seat Lonoke
Largest city Cabot
Area
 • Total 803 sq mi (2,080 km2)
 • Land 771 sq mi (1,997 km2)
 • Water 32 sq mi (83 km2), 4.0%
Population
 • (2010) 68,356
 • Density 89/sq mi (34/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Lonoke County is a county located in the Central Arkansas region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,356, making it the eleventh-most populous of Arkansas's seventy-five counties.[1] The county seat is Lonoke and largest city is Cabot.[2] Lonoke County was formed on April 16, 1873 from Pulaski County and Prairie County, and was named as a corruption of "lone oak", after a large red oak in the area that had been used by a surveyor to lay out the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad.

Located within Central Arkansas, the county's varied geography can be roughly broken into thirds horizontally. The top third has rolling hills at the edge of the Ozarks, including the Cabot area. The middle third, including the Lonoke area, contains portions of the Grand Prairie, a flat native grassland today known for rice farming, an important part of the culture, economy and history of Lonoke County. The southern third, including the Scott area, is home to the alluvial soils of the Arkansas Delta. Historically, a military road and a railroad brought settlers to the area, and cotton cultivation was very profitable. In 1904, a demonstration that rice could grow well on the same land coupled with sinking cotton prices drove the area into rice cultivation. During World War I, a United States Army World War I Flight Training airfield, Eberts Field, was constructed.

Today Lonoke County is included in the Central Arkansas metro area, with Little Rock as the principal city. In addition to agriculture, the county's economy sees tourists at the Camp Nelson Confederate Cemetery, Joe Hogan Fish Hatchery and Toltec Mounds State Park, Lonoke County is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 803 square miles (2,080 km2), of which 771 square miles (2,000 km2) is land and 32 square miles (83 km2) (4.0%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 12,146
1890 19,263 58.6%
1900 22,544 17.0%
1910 27,983 24.1%
1920 33,400 19.4%
1930 33,759 1.1%
1940 29,802 −11.7%
1950 27,278 −8.5%
1960 24,551 −10.0%
1970 26,249 6.9%
1980 34,518 31.5%
1990 39,268 13.8%
2000 52,828 34.5%
2010 68,356 29.4%
Est. 2014 71,557 [4] 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2014[1]
Age pyramid Lonoke County[9]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[10] there were 52,828 people, 19,262 households, and 15,024 families residing in the county. The population density was 69 people per square mile (27/km²). There were 20,749 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.03% White, 6.44% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,262 households out of which 40.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.30% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.00% were non-families. 19.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.90% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,314, and the median income for a family was $46,173. Males had a median income of $32,451 versus $22,897 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,397. About 8.10% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 13.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Lonoke County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Lonoke County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [11][12]

  • Butler
  • Carlisle (Carlisle)
  • Caroline (Austin, small part of Cabot, part of Ward)
  • Cleveland
  • Crooked Creek (Allport, Humnoke)
  • Dortch (CDP Scott)
  • Eagle
  • Fletcher
  • Furlow
  • Goodrum
  • Gray
  • Gum Woods (England)
  • Hamilton
  • Indian Bayou (Coy)
  • Isbell
  • Lafayette (Keo)
  • Lonoke (Lonoke)
  • Magness (part of Cabot)
  • Oak Grove (small part of Cabot)
  • Pettus
  • Prairie
  • Pulaski
  • Richwoods
  • Scott
  • Totten
  • Walls
  • Ward (part of Ward)
  • Williams
  • York (most of Cabot)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Lonoke County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  12. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 

Coordinates: 34°46′41″N 91°52′18″W / 34.77806°N 91.87167°W / 34.77806; -91.87167