Lonquimay

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This article is about the town in Chile. For the volcano, see Lonquimay (volcano). For the town in Argentina, see Lonquimay, La Pampa. For the river, see Lonquimay River.
Lonquimay
Town and Commune
Summer in Lonquimay
Summer in Lonquimay
Location of the Lonquimay commune in the Araucanía Region
Location of the Lonquimay commune in the Araucanía Region
Lonquimay is located in Chile
Lonquimay
Lonquimay
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 38°26′S 71°14′W / 38.433°S 71.233°W / -38.433; -71.233Coordinates: 38°26′S 71°14′W / 38.433°S 71.233°W / -38.433; -71.233
Country Chile
Region Araucanía
Province Malleco
Government[1][2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Guillermo Vásquez Veroiza (PPD)
Area[3]
 • Total 3,914.2 km2 (1,511.3 sq mi)
Elevation 842 m (2,762 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total 9,925
 • Density 2.5/km2 (6.6/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,435
 • Rural 6,802
Sex[3]
 • Men 5,414
 • Women 4,823
Time zone CLT [4] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST [5] (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 56 + 45
Website Municipality of Lonquimay

Lonquimay is a town and commune in the Malleco Province of southern Chile's Araucanía Region.

Transport[edit]

It is the terminus of an abandoned 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge railway project which supporters cited as the most practical railway route through the Andes to Argentina, but which lacks a link between Lonquimay and Zapala in Argentina; revival of the project was announced in 2005 and progress begun within Chile. The line includes Chile's longest tunnel measuring 4,563 m (4,990 yd).

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Lonquimay spans an area of 3,914.2 km2 (1,511 sq mi) and has 10,237 inhabitants (5,414 men and 4,823 women). Of these, 3,435 (33.6%) lived in urban areas and 6,802 (66.4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 12.5% (1,138 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Lonquimay is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Guillermo Vásquez Veroiza (PPD).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Lonquimay is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Enrique Estay (UDI) and Fuad Chahín (PDC) as part of the 49th electoral district, (together with Victoria, Curacautín, Melipeuco, Vilcún, Lautaro, Perquenco and Galvarino). The commune is represented in the Senate by Alberto Espina Otero (RN) and Jaime Quintana Leal (PPD) as part of the 14th senatorial constituency (Araucanía-North).

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Located in the Andes, at 900 metres (3,000 ft) above sea level, Lonquimay has a cool and humid oceanic climate (with a cool-summer Mediterranean tendency), with an average annual precipitation of 1,990 millimetres (78 in). Summers have warm days and chilly to cool nights. Winters are chilly and wetter, with the possibility of snowfall. This climate look in favor on winter sports. At the foot of the Lonquimay is The Corralco Mountain and Ski Resort. Its natural beauty, where Araucarias, snow and mountain are combined. This climate is described by the Köppen climate classification as Cfb.

Climate data for Lonquimay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
25.3
(77.5)
22.6
(72.7)
18.2
(64.8)
12.6
(54.7)
8.2
(46.8)
8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
13.9
(57)
18.1
(64.6)
20.9
(69.6)
23.3
(73.9)
17.28
(63.12)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
15.4
(59.7)
13.2
(55.8)
9.9
(49.8)
6.9
(44.4)
5.0
(41)
5.1
(41.2)
5.9
(42.6)
7.4
(45.3)
10.0
(50)
12.3
(54.1)
14.5
(58.1)
10.15
(50.27)
Average low °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
5.5
(41.9)
3.9
(39)
1.7
(35.1)
1.3
(34.3)
1.8
(35.2)
2.1
(35.8)
1.6
(34.9)
1.0
(33.8)
1.9
(35.4)
3.7
(38.7)
5.7
(42.3)
3.05
(37.49)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44
(1.73)
53
(2.09)
94
(3.7)
120
(4.72)
322
(12.68)
348
(13.7)
319
(12.56)
254
(10)
163
(6.42)
93
(3.66)
110
(4.33)
70
(2.76)
1,990
(78.35)
Source: Climate-data.org[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipality of Lonquimay" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  5. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  6. ^ "Climate: Lonquimay". Retrieved 24 March 2015. 

External links[edit]