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Lontara or lontaraq (ᨒᨚᨈᨑ) are Bugis palm-leaf manuscripts that record knowledge on such topics as history, science, custom, and laws.[1] The term originates from the Javanese/Malay word lontar, which is the type of tree that provides the leaves used.

The types of lontara includes[2]

  1. attoriolong – history
  2. bilang or kotika – characteristics of each days of the week
  3. ade´ or ada´adat
  4. ulu ada – past treaties or texts between kingdoms or countries
  5. alopi-lopping – shipping adat
  6. pangoriseng – genealogies of the royals.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ A. E., Fachruddin (1999). Ritumpanna Wélenrénngé: sebuah episoda sastra Bugis klasik Galigo. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia. p. 36. ISBN 9789794613184.
  2. ^ Andi Zainal Abidin (October 1971). "Notes on the Lontara' as Historical Sources". Indonesia. Indonesia: Southeast Asia Program Publications at Cornell University. 12 (12): 159–172. doi:10.2307/3350664. hdl:1813/53521. JSTOR 3350664.

External links[edit]