Loon, Bohol

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Loon
Municipality
Main street through Loon
Main street through Loon
Map of Bohol with Loon highlighted
Map of Bohol with Loon highlighted
Loon is located in Philippines
Loon
Loon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°48′N 123°48′E / 9.8°N 123.8°E / 9.8; 123.8Coordinates: 9°48′N 123°48′E / 9.8°N 123.8°E / 9.8; 123.8
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 1st district of Bohol
Barangays 67 (see § Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Elvi Relampagos (LP)
 • Vice mayor Lloyd Lopez
 • Town Council
Area[2]
 • Total 125.38 km2 (48.41 sq mi)
  includes Candilao and Sandingan islands
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 43,034
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
 • Voter (2016)[4] 27,676
Demonym(s) Loonanon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6327
IDD : area code +63 (0)38
Income class 2nd class
PSGC 071230000
Website www.loon.gov.ph

Loon is a second income class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines.[2] According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 43,034.[3] In the 2016 election, it had 27,676 registered voters.[4]

Loon lies halfway between Tagbilaran and Tubigon, Bohol's major ports of entry, each of which is only 40 minutes away by public utility buses, jeepneys and vans-for-hire that frequently ply the north—south route. Loon has one provincial secondary port and six fishing ports. The secondary port is being converted into the Loon Bohol International Cruise Ship Port. Currently it serves the Loon—Argao (Cebu) route.[5]

Loon was among the hardest hit towns in the 2013 Bohol earthquake. About a third of all casualties occurred in this town, and its church, dating from the 1850s, completely razed to the ground.[6]

Geography[edit]

Twenty-eight kilometres (17 mi) north of Tagbilaran is the town proper of Loon, the westernmost municipality of the island province. Cabilao and Sandingan islands are part of the municipality. Lanao Lake on Cabilao island (also known as Cabilao Island Lake) is the only natural lake in Bohol province.[7]

Topography[edit]

Loon is composed of land mass, coastlines and natural waters and has a relatively rolling topography consisting of moderate hills, rolling plains, sparse plateaus interspersed with valleys, and some ravines.

Barangays[edit]

Loon comprises 67 barangays.[2]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a. Origin of the name
2015[3] 2010[8]
071223001 Agsoso 298 254 3.09% soso a freshwater shellfish species
071223002 Badbad Occidental 347 279 4.24% badba-an a local shrub or tree
071223003 Badbad Oriental 471 509 −1.47%
071223004 Bagacay Katipunan 179 189 −1.03% bagakay or bamboo abundant in the area
kawayan a bamboo thicket beside a small pool of mud where carabaos wallow
katipuhan a place where "tipolo" trees grew in abundance
saong a tree species whose sap thought similar to paste used in the making of Noah's Ark.
071223005 Bagacay Kawayan 373 427 −2.54%
071223006 Bagacay Saong 163 137 3.36%
071223007 Bahi 446 367 3.78% bahi the hard portion of the trunk of a "pugahan" palm
071223008 Basac 1,490 1,414 1.00% basac a rice paddy
071223009 Basdacu 912 962 −1.01% ba'as means sand
daku means big; wide shoreline of the barangay
diyo means small; a patch of sand on its shoreline
071223010 Basdio 541 561 −0.69%
071223011 Biasong 323 323 0.00% biasong: a variety of orange grown near the Moalong River
071223012 Bongco 415 328 4.58% trabongko a legendary shining ball that giant snakes amused at night
071223013 Bugho 243 285 −2.99% bugho or hole, references to the ravines and gorges of the barangay
071223014 Cabacongan 977 1,080 −1.89% after the plant bakong
071223015 Cabadug 276 231 3.45% purportedly the first inhabitant of the sitio, Badug
071223016 Cabug 213 185 2.72% kabug bats hanging from the branches of "tipolo" trees
071223017 Calayugan Norte 704 737 −0.87% after the swaying coconut trees which looked like fighting (ga‑layug}
071223018 Calayugan Sur 503 538 −1.27%
071223020 Cambaquiz 828 1,042 −4.28% ba's nga nag-ekis-ekis or sand that crosses from one side to other depending on the waves. (A popular yet wrong tale means "come back and kiss".)
071223021 Campatud 415 365 2.47% patud a spring in a thick forest where hunters go
071223022 Candaigan 425 477 −2.17% legendary ever-burning stump of dead tree to kindle (daig) lamps
071223023 Canhangdon Occidental 836 848 −0.27% kanhangdon a spring on the Moalong River
071223024 Canhangdon Oriental 550 549 0.03%
071223025 Canigaan 770 826 −1.33% Nigaran a legendary place where big niga trees grew
071223019 Canmaag 405 404 0.05% mamag or tarsier, which were plentiful
071223026 Canmanoc 289 319 −1.86% manok was the wild chickens
071223027 Cansuagwit 356 291 3.91% after a spring of the same name
071223028 Cansubayon 474 505 −1.20% subayon is the act of walking the banks of creeks
071223032 Cantam‑is Bago 236 284 −3.46% tam-is means sweet
bago is a vegetable
baslay the name of a spring
071223035 Cantam‑is Baslay 371 495 −5.34%
071223033 Cantaongon 1,010 970 0.77% taongon tree was abundant
071223034 Cantumocad 848 852 −0.09% sondo a creek where one needs to take a leap (tukad)
071223029 Catagbacan Handig 1,063 994 1.29% tagbak means to barter or exchange goods
katagbacan is a location where barter takes place
handig a location on slopes that rise from the plain
071223030 Catagbacan Norte 1,267 1,186 1.27%
071223031 Catagbacan Sur 1,070 973 1.83%
071223036 Cogon Norte (Pob.) 2,020 1,907 1.10% kogon grass
071223037 Cogon Sur 430 425 0.22%
071223038 Cuasi 1,150 1,115 0.59% "Kawasi!", an order to disembark or jump overboard (to save the cargo)
071223039 Genomoan 312 362 −2.79% the legend says an ill farmer cried out because his carabao was hinomolan (wallowing in the river)
071223040 Lintuan 941 913 0.58% tuwang-tuwang, the changing movement of sand blown by south and north winds
071223041 Looc 839 1,070 −4.53% the curved shape of its coastline na lo-ok
071223042 Mocpoc Norte 743 875 −3.07% pok-pok, the warning drum hung from a mangrove tree (pagatpat) when Moros pirate vintas were coming
071223043 Mocpoc Sur 565 646 −2.52%
071223050 Moto Norte (Pob.) 1,285 1,369 −1.20% moto or hill, previously a sitio of the original settlement, coastal barangay of Napo
071223051 Moto Sur (Pob.) 1,283 1,225 0.88%
071223044 Nagtuang 578 493 3.07% nagatuwang whereby flow of water from a spring is absorbed higher
071223045 Napo (Pob.) 1,394 1,342 0.73% napolo or napo'o means isthmus
071223046 Nueva Vida 294 263 2.14% Spanish for 'new life'; the new settlement built when Catagbacan became too big
071223047 Panangquilon 453 496 −1.71% panankilon, a medicinal herb
071223048 Pantudlan 841 808 0.77% from tulod-tulod the thrusting action of the waves shifting sand by the wind blow
071223049 Pig‑ot 694 592 3.07% pi-ot the narrow stretch of road which widened by blasting, resulting in the fleeing of the monkeys from their habitat
071223052 Pondol 1,593 1,476 1.46% pundo-pundo or pondol juts into the sea
071223053 Quinobcoban 176 185 −0.95% kinubkoban holes dug looking for sources of water.
071223054 Sondol 692 690 0.06% sondol or donsol, a sea slug species abundant in its seashore
071223055 Song‑on 686 683 0.08% so-ongon, an arch-like rock formation along the shoreline; where one has to stoop (so-ong) to pass
071222056 Talisay 1,178 1,310 −2.00% talisay trees which growing on cliffs over the shoreline
071223057 Tan‑awan 119 110 1.51% tan-awan means a place where one gets a good view of the villages below it
071223058 Tangnan 857 867 −0.22% tangman is cave that contains fresh water
071223059 Taytay 323 292 1.94% taytay a bridge, narrow hilltop-located pathway that leads to the center of the sitio
071223060 Ticugan 381 373 0.40% tikog plant whose leaf strips can be woven into mats
071223061 Tiwi 144 112 4.90% tiwi is the trees that once grew on the eastern part
071223062 Tontonan 696 607 2.64% tontonan means to use a rope (tonton) to scale a high mountain
071223063 Tubodacu 415 395 0.94% tubod means spring
daku means big
diyo means small
071223064 Tubodio 241 207 2.94%
071223065 Tubuan 317 285 2.05% tuburan is a spring
071223066 Ubayon 707 635 2.07% nag-ubay sa baybayon means straddling the shoreline
071223067 Ubojan 600 486 4.09% ulbohan a well where water gushed in spurts (ga ulbo-ulbo)
TOTAL 43,034 42,800 0.10%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Loon
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 34,400 —    
1995 32,716 −0.94%
2000 45,215 +7.18%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2007 42,441 −0.87%
2010 42,800 +0.31%
2015 43,034 +0.10%
Source: Philippine Statistics Office[3][8][9]

In the 2016 election, it had 27,676 registered voters, meaning that 64% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]

Economy[edit]

Gross Annual Income (2014): ₱63.2 million[5]

Major industries:[5] agriculture, fishery, cottage (ready-to-wear clothes, mats, baskets), transportation, trading, tourism

Loon's public markets include two main public markets and five barangay/feeder markets.[5] There are more than 800 business establishments and entrepreneurs in Loon.

Tourism[edit]

Heritage and historical sites[edit]

  • Inang-angan (grand stairway of coral stone blocks, 212 steps): A National Cultural Treasure
  • Sombria Bridge: stone bridge with the highest elevation among colonial bridges in the province.
  • Napo Ruins: possibly the remnants of a watchtower
  • Ferandos House: ancestral house built during the American period.
  • Gabaldon building: the main building of Loon South Central Elementary School built in 1915.
  • Loon Public Plaza
  • Big Cross: a pilgrimage site marked by a Big Cross on the slopes Cabug offers a majestic view of the Cebu Strait. A road leading to the place features replicas of the 14 Stations of the Cross.
  • Virgen de la Paz Hermitage: home of the Virgen de la Paz hermit nuns that sits on a cliff that overlooking the mangroves and marine sanctuary in Tangnan and offers an unobstructed view of the sea and the blue mountains of Cebu.
  • Solar-powered Lighthouse: located in Punta Baluarte in Pantudlan, Cabilao Island, this modern lighthouse is a donation of the Spanish government and stands beside the old one retained for its historical value.
  • Punta Baluarte Eco-Museum: a Spanish-era bulwark on Cabilao Island that has been transformed into an eco-cultural museum
  • Mesina House: the only remaining ancestral house of such design (American chalet). With some families experiencing early the economic boom brought about by success in the retail business, mostly in Leyte, Samar, Negros and Mindanao, and in the practice of their professions, all the other old houses have been replaced with modern designs.

Totally destroyed by the October 15, 2013 earthquake.

  • Church of Nuestra Señora de la Luz (including old convent): A National Historical Landmark and National Cultural Treasure
  • Spanish-Era Mortuary Chapel: A National Cultural Treasure
  • Spanish Colonial Cemetery (1800–1860s): A National Cultural Treasure
  • Christ the King Monument: an imposing structure on the church plaza that features a figure of the Risen Christ atop a three-sided column at the center of an ornate and multi-layered circular base
  • The Grotto: depicts the scene in Lourdes, France where Mary appeared to a girl named Bernadette. It is a favorite backdrop for the annual reenactment of the Last Supper and many other photo opportunities
  • Hugosan: a four-column platform serving as main gate of the church; used during Easter Sunday rites

Natural attractions[edit]

  • Loon Coastal Geomorphic Conservation Park (417-hectare [1,030-acre] intertidal zone uplifted as a result of the 2013 earthquake)[10]
  • Loon Macaques: a mainstream tourist destination featuring the crab-eating mangrove monkeys (Cantomocad)
  • Cabilao island
    • Dive sites
    • Cabilao Island Lake
    • Green Footprint Lagoon
    • Cabacungan Fish Sanctuary
  • Tubig-Loon Spring Park
  • White beaches and sand bars (Cabilao and Sandingan Islands)
  • Mangrove gardens (Tangnan, Pig-ot, Basdacu, Napo, Cogon Norte, Basac, Tajang Causeway, Sandingan)
  • Caves (Cantam-is Baslay and many upland barangays)
  • Mount Canmanoc
  • Mount Tan-awan: highest point of Loon
  • Moalong River and Antaeg Spring and Lagoon
  • Piong and Kabantian Falls
  • Danicop Ticugan Springs
  • Endemic animals: hammerhead shark, pygmy seahorse, monkeys, exotic birds, "mamag" (tarsier), "kagwang" (a lemur-like gliding mammal), "tinggawong" (bearcat)

Indigenous culture and crafts[edit]

  • Processing of "binagow", grated and dried cassava steamed over a perforated coconut half-shell fitted onto the mouth of an earthen pot half-filled with water; common in the barangays on Sandingan and Cabilao islands and in Ubayon.
  • Production of "tuba" or toddy from coconut in Cantaongon and other upland barangays.
  • "Drama" or community theater in Napo, a fervently sustained local tradition that originated during the Spanish period. Local residents get involved as actors, singers, directors, stage managers and playwrights.
  • Weaving of mats from romblon palm in Cabilao; production of nypa shingles near Moalong River; and weaving of baskets and other handicrafts from bamboo, rattan, baliw, nito, sig-id, sagisi and other materials in some upland barangays
  • Production of corn and cassava on the rocky slopes of Basdio. The "farm-on-the-rocks" is itself a tourist attraction because from below, the crops seem to grow not on soil but on black rocks and boulders.
  • Christmas caroling: "Daygon", "Pastores" and "Igi-igi"
  • Good Friday dawn pilgrimage to Big Cross
  • Good Friday procession and Easter "Sugat/Hugos" rites in the town center
  • September "Festival of Lights" or "SidlaKasilak" in honor of the town's patroness
  • Town fiesta on 8 September and barangay fiestas throughout the year.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Road network:[5]

  • national - 24.0 kilometres (14.9 mi)
  • provincial - 12.8 kilometres (8.0 mi)
  • municipal - 8.0 kilometres (5.0 mi)
  • barangay - 145.0 kilometres (90.1 mi)

Health and safety[edit]

  • one provincial district hospital (Cong. Natalio P. Castillo, Sr. Memorial Hospital)
  • two Rural Health Units
  • 12 Barangay Health Stations
  • one private dental clinic
  • two private medical clinics
  • one LGU emergency response unit ("Alagad" Center)
  • Model Senior Citizens Center
  • Lying-in / Birthing Centers, including IMAP Lying-in Center (Calayugan Norte)
  • Public security: one PNP station; 704th Regional Public Safety Battalion (Catagbacan Norte)

Utilities[edit]

Water is made available to more than 42 barangays principally by the Loon Waterworks System, which has about 3,000 active individual water service connections reaching the northernmost barangay of Pondol, the southernmost barangay of Song-on, all barangays on Sandingan Island, and many hinterland barangays. The rest of the upland barangays are served by Level II communal water systems.

The abundance of water in Loon has also encouraged investors to establish water-refilling stations in the town.

Education[edit]

  • Public educational institutions: Loon North District - 12 elementary schools; 8 primary schools; 3 secondary schools - Cabilao National High School, Sandingan National High School and Gov. Jacinto Borja National High School (formerly Cantaongon High School)
  • Public educational institutions: Loon South District - 10 elementary schools; 9 primary schools; 1 secondary school, Loon South National High School
  • Private secondary schools: University of Bohol–Loon Institute, Sacred Heart Academy, Saint Teresa Academy
  • Preparatory schools: 64 public preparatory schools (day-care centers); UB Loon Institute Learning Center; Trinitas Learning Center; Saint Teresa Academy Kindergarten School; Catechetical Learning Center (Cuasi)

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Municipal: Loon, Bohol". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d PSA; Census of Population (2015), "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 20 June 2016 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Municipal Profile". Municipality of Loon, Bohol, Philippines. Archived from the original on 12 March 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Erik De Castro (15 October 2013). "Death toll from Philippines quake nears 100, more people missing". Reuters. Retrieved 16 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Hellingman, Jeroen. "A Visit to Cabilao Island". www.bohol.ph. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  8. ^ a b PSA; Census of Population (2010), "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 29 June 2016 
  9. ^ NSO; Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007), "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)", Total Population by Province, City and Municipality, archived from the original on 24 June 2011 
  10. ^ INQUIRER.net, Leo Udtohan (9 August 2015). "Bohol quake triggers a phenomenon: Land rising from bottom of the sea". Archived from the original on 9 August 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 

External links[edit]