A B Loop streetcar on Tilikum Crossing in 2015
|Other name(s)||A Loop/B Loop|
Central Loop Line (2012–2015)
|Locale||Portland, Oregon, U.S.|
|Daily ridership||A Loop: 3,612|
B Loop: 3,064
(as of September 2018[update])
|Opened||September 22, 2012|
|Owner||City of Portland|
|Operator(s)||Portland Streetcar, Inc.|
|Character||At-grade, mixed between street running and exclusive lane|
|Line length||4.4 mi (7.1 km) (per direction)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC, overhead catenary|
The Loop Service is a streetcar circle line in Portland, Oregon, United States, that is part of the Portland Streetcar system. Operated by Portland Streetcar, Inc. and TriMet, it consists of two distinguished services: the A Loop, which runs clockwise, and the B Loop, which runs counterclockwise. Each service travels 4.4 miles (7.1 km) to form a complete loop and serves 52 stations, connecting downtown Portland and the Central Eastside. The line traverses the Willamette River via two crossings: the Broadway Bridge in the north and Tilikum Crossing in the south.
Known as the Central Loop Line (CL Line) during its opening in 2012, it initially ran from Southwest Market Street in downtown Portland to the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI) via the Pearl District. It was re-branded to its current name upon the opening of Tilikum Crossing bridge in 2015.
Plans to expand the Portland Streetcar east of the Willamette River emerged in July 1997, at the same time the Portland City Council authorized the construction of the system's first line, between Northwest Portland and Portland State University. During this time, the council also voted to fund a $16.7 million retrofitting of the Hawthorne Bridge, which they had anticipated would carry a future streetcar line between the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI) and the Oregon Convention Center, one of many proposed by the Buckman Neighborhood Association for the east side. The Hawthorne Bridge reopened in April 1999, with the outer-lane deck rebuilt to accommodate notches for rails. In July 2001, another plan was proposed by the Lloyd District Development Strategy. The strategy sought the addition of streetcars to the Lloyd District's existing transit services, already composed of bus and MAX Light Rail,:20 to create a transit hub, by adding lines on Northeast Broadway and Weilder avenues.:26 The extension would connect with the west side via the Broadway Bridge. This plan was supported by concurrent efforts to revitalize nearby Rose Quarter.
An advisory committee, largely composed of local residents, began convening in February 2003 to initiate serious discussions regarding the extension. In a series of meetings, some eastside residents urged extending the proposed line up to 21st Avenue, while Portland Streetcar officials, amid TriMet plans to construct a new Willamette River span near Southeast Caruthers Street for a planned MAX extension to Milwaukie, suggested routing the streetcar along this new bridge, instead of the Hawthorne Bridge. Project planners, with backing from Multnomah County commissioners, outlined a three-phased eastside loop that ran from the Broadway Bridge to the Lloyd District, then south through Grand Avenue and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard to Hawthorne Boulevard. A southern crossing back to the west side depended upon whether the new bridge would be constructed, leaving that section undetermined at the time. The project was estimated to cost over $100 million, which the city council approved in June 2003.
The Central Loop Line began service on September 22, 2012, running from Southwest Market Street to the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI) via the Pearl District. The 3.35-mile-long (5.39 km) line cost $148.3 million to construct and opened five months late, with 18-minute frequencies instead of the planned 15 minutes due to funding cuts by TriMet and the City of Portland as well as delays in streetcar delivery from United Streetcar.
On August 30, 2015, a new temporary schedule eliminated the CL Line in favor of the A Loop and B Loop, extended from SW 10th and Market along the NS Line south to SW Moody Avenue & SW Meade Street in the South Waterfront. Streetcars began operating across the new Tilikum Crossing transit bridge on that date, but not carrying passengers across the bridge during a two-week transitional phase which was referred to as "pre-revenue service". The line was formally re-branded as the Loop Service on September 12, 2015, when the opening of the Tilikum Crossing to the public permitted streetcars to begin carrying passengers on the route section across the bridge.
|Station||Neighborhood||Connections and notes|
|A Loop (clockwise)||B Loop (counterclockwise)|
|—||Northwest 10th & Northrup||Pearl District||Line|
|—||Northwest 11th & Marshall||—|
|Northwest 9th & Lovejoy||—||—|
|Northwest 10th & Johnson||Northwest 11th & Johnson||Line|
|Northwest 10th & Glisan||Northwest 11th & Glisan||Line|
|Northwest 10th & Couch||Northwest 11th & Couch||Line |
Serves The Armory, Powell's City of Books
|Southwest 10th & Alder||Southwest 11th & Alder||Downtown||Line|
|Central Library||Southwest 11th & Taylor||Line; Library and Galleria stations: Blue, Red lines |
Serves Central Library
|Art Museum||Southwest 11th & Jefferson||Line |
Serves Portland Art Museum
|Southwest 10th & Clay||Southwest 11th & Clay||Line|
|Southwest Park & Mill||Southwest Park & Market||Line |
Serves South Park Blocks
|—||Southwest 5th & Market||Line |
Serves Portland State University
|PSU Urban Center||Southwest 5th & Montgomery||Line; PSU Urban Center stations: Green, Orange, Yellow lines |
Serves Portland State University
|Southwest 3rd & Harrison||Line|
|Southwest Harrison Street||Line |
|Southwest River Parkway & Moody||Line |
|Southwest Moody & Meade||South Waterfront||Line; South Waterfront/Southwest Moody station: Orange Line |
Serves OHSU Robertson Life Sciences Building, Tilikum Crossing
|OMSI||Central Eastside||Line; OMSI/Southeast Water station: Orange Line |
Serves Oregon Museum of Science and Industry, Tilikum Crossing
|Southeast MLK & Mill||Southeast Grand & Mill||—|
|Southeast MLK & Hawthorne||Southeast Grand & Hawthorne||—|
|Southeast MLK & Taylor||Southeast Grand & Taylor||—|
|Southeast MLK & Morrison||Southeast Grand & Morrison||—|
|Southeast MLK & Stark||Southeast Grand & Stark||—|
|Northeast MLK & East Burnside||Southeast Grand & East Burnside||—|
|Oregon Convention Center||Northeast Grand & Hoyt||Lloyd District|| Convention Center station: Blue, Green, and Red lines|
Serves Oregon Convention Center
|Northeast Oregon & Grand||Northeast Grand & Holladay||—|
|Northeast 7th & Holladay||Northeast Grand & Multnomah||Northeast 7th Avenue station: Blue, Green, and Red lines|
|Northeast 7th & Halsey||—||—|
|Northeast Weidler & Grand||Northeast Grand & Broadway||—|
|Northeast Weidler & 2nd||Northeast Broadway & 2nd||—|
|North Weidler & Ross||North Broadway & Ross||—|
The Loop Service operates from 5:30 a.m. to 11:30 p.m. on weekdays, from 7:30 a.m. to 11:30 p.m. on Saturdays, and from 7:30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. on Sundays. Frequencies in each direction range from 15 minutes between 10:00 a.m. and 7:00 pm on weekdays and Saturdays to 20 minutes on Sundays.
- "Portland Streetcar Ridership Counts, July 2015 - Present (By Fiscal Year)" (PDF). Portland Streetcar, Inc. September 2018. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- "Portland Streetcar Loop Service". Portland Streetcar. Archived from the original on August 6, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- Stewart, Bill (January 22, 1998). "Closure launches bridge make over". The Oregonian. p. D2.
- Stewart, Bill (July 31, 1997). "Streetcars will return to Portland; the city council votes to pay for a westside loop of streetcars described as cheaper than light rail". The Oregonian. p. D1.
- Stewart, Bill (April 24, 1999). "Wait no more: Sunday makrs Hawthorne Bridge reopening". The Oregonian. p. C1.
- "Lloyd District Development Strategy" (PDF). Portland Development Commission. July 27, 2001. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Leeson, Fred (July 17, 2001). "Portland grand plans works in works in Lloyd District". The Oregonian. p. B3.
- Leeson, Fred (July 20, 2001). "New streetcar route follows different mission". The Oregonian. p. 24.
- Leeson, Fred (July 13, 2001). "Vision for Rose Quarter outlined". The Oregonian. p. A1.
- Leeson, Fred (February 17, 2003). "Streetcar officials seek Eastside desire". The Oregonian. p. E2.
- Leeson, Fred (June 6, 2003). "Streetcar backers propose loop through Inner Eastside". The Oregonian. p. D2.
- Stern, Henry; Nkrumah, Wade (June 26, 2003). "City Council watch". The Oregonian. p. C2.
- "Streetcar History". Portland Streetcar. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved September 7, 2015.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- Schmidt, Brad (July 19, 2011). "Portland's $148.3 million eastside streetcar project delayed five months, includes five streetcars instead of six". The Oregonian. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
- Rose, Joseph (September 21, 2012). "Portland Streetcar's eastside loop gets off to hobbled start Saturday". The Oregonian. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- "Portland Streetcar Introduces 'Central Loop' Service". Passenger Transport. American Public Transportation Association. October 5, 2012. Retrieved September 8, 2015.
- Vincent, John M. (September 8, 2015). "Routes, fares change with expanded streetcar service". The Portland Tribune. Pamplin Media Group. p. A3. Archived from the original on November 28, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
- "Maps + Schedules – Portland Streetcar". Portland Streetcar, Inc. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- "Streetcar Schedule". Portland Streetcar. August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015.