Loop fission and fusion

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In computer science, loop fission (or loop distribution) is a compiler optimization in which a loop is broken into multiple loops over the same index range with each taking only a part of the original loop's body.[1] The goal is to break down a large loop body into smaller ones to achieve better utilization of locality of reference. This optimization is most efficient in multi-core processors that can split a task into multiple tasks for each processor.

Conversely, loop fusion (or loop jamming) is a compiler optimization and loop transformation which replaces multiple loops with a single one.[1] It is possible when two loops iterate over the same range and do not reference each other's data. Loop fusion does not always improve run-time speed. On some architectures, two loops may actually perform better than one loop because, for example, there is increased data locality within each loop.

Fission[edit]

Example in C[edit]

 int i, a[100], b[100];
 for (i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
   a[i] = 1; 
   b[i] = 2;
 }

is equivalent to

 int i, a[100], b[100];
 for (i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
   a[i] = 1;                     
 }
 for (i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
   b[i] = 2;
 }

Fusion[edit]

Example in C[edit]

  int i, a[100], b[100];
  for (i = 0; i < 100; i++)
    a[i] = 1;                     
  for (i = 0; i < 100; i++)
    b[i] = 2;

is equivalent to:

  int i, a[100], b[100];
  for (i = 0; i < 100; i++)
  {
    a[i] = 1; 
    b[i] = 2;
  }

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • ^ a b Kennedy, Ken & Allen, Randy. (2001). Optimizing Compilers for Modern Architectures: A Dependence-based Approach. Morgan Kaufmann. ISBN 1-55860-286-0.