Baron Roborough, of Maristow in the County of Devon, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1938 for Sir Henry Lopes, 4th Baronet. He had earlier represented Grantham, Lincolnshire, in Parliament as a Conservative. The Baronetcy, of Maristow in the County of Devon, had been created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1805 for Manasseh Masseh Lopes, a member of a wealthy family of Sephardic Jews of Portuguese origin, with special remainder to his nephew Ralph Franco, son of his sister Esther. Manasseh Masseh Lopes converted to Christianity in 1802, and later represented Evesham, in Worcestershire, Barnstaple in Devon, and Westbury in Somerset, in Parliament. However, in 1819 he was twice convicted of bribing the voters in both Barnstaple and Grampound in order to be elected to Parliament, and was sentenced to imprisonment and heavy fines. He was also unseated by the House of Commons, but after his release from prison he nonetheless managed to get elected for Westbury, a pocket borough which he controlled to a great extent.
Lopes was succeeded according to the special remainder by his nephew Ralph Franco, the second Baronet, who assumed the surname of Lopes in lieu of Franco. He was Conservative Member of Parliament for Westbury and South Devonshire. His son, the third Baronet, also sat as Conservative Member of Parliament for Westbury and South Devonshire and served under Benjamin Disraeli as a Civil Lord of the Admiralty from 1874 to 1880. In 1885 he was admitted to the Privy Council. He was the father of the fourth Baronet, who was raised to the peerage in 1938. The first Baron's son, the second Baron, was Lord Lieutenant of Devon from 1958 to 1978. As of 2015 the titles are held by the latter's grandson, the fourth Baron, who succeeded in 2015.
Henry Lopes, 1st Baron Ludlow, was a younger son of the second Baronet.
The family seat was Maristow House, in the parish of Tamerton Foliot, near Plymouth, Devon, (which they occupied 1798-1938) with the dower house being at nearby Roborough House, in the parish of Roborough, near Plymouth, Devon. Their seat today is Bickham House, adjoining the Maristow House estate to the north-east.
Lopes Baronets, of Maristow (1805)
- Sir Manasseh Masseh Lopes, 1st Baronet (1755–1831)
- Sir Ralph Lopes, 2nd Baronet (1788–1854)
- Sir Massey Lopes, 3rd Baronet (1818–1908)
- Sir Henry Yarde Buller Lopes, 4th Baronet (1859–1938) (created Baron Roborough in 1938)
Barons Roborough (1938)
- Henry Yarde Buller Lopes, 1st Baron Roborough (1859–1938)
- Massey Henry Edgcumbe Lopes, 2nd Baron Roborough (1903–1992)
- Henry Massey Lopes, 3rd Baron Roborough (1940–2015)
- Massey John Henry Lopes, 4th Baron Roborough (b. 1969)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. Henry Massey Peter Lopes (b. 1997).
Coat of arms
2nd: a Dexter Arm couped and embowed habited Purpure, purfled and diapered Or, cuffed Argent, holding in the Hand proper a Palm-branch Vert (Franco).
Sinister: a Bull proper, charged on the shoulder with a Lozenge Azure.
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- Montague-Smith, P.W. (ed.), Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, Kelly's Directories Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1968, p.942
- Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.402