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|Municipality of Lopez|
Sunset at Hondagua Seaport
Map of Quezon with Lopez highlighted
|Region||Calabarzon (Region IV-A)|
|Founded||June 30, 1857 |
|Barangays||95 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Rachel Ubana|
|• Electorate||49,433 voters (2016)|
|• Total||355.38 km2 (137.21 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||270/km2 (690/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)42|
|Climate type||Tropical rainforest climate|
|Income class||1st municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||217,868,483.36 (2016)|
Lopez, officially the Municipality of Lopez, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Lopez), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Quezon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 95,167 people.
It is located in the southern part of the province, 220 kilometres (140 mi) from Manila, 83 kilometres (52 mi) east from Lucena, 25 kilometres (16 mi) to Camarines Norte, 3 nautical kilometers to Alabat Island.
Lopez is one of the largest municipalities in the province and has a total land area of 395.1 square kilometers representing 4.53% of the total land area of the province of Quezon.
The terrain generally ranges from 345 to 399 metres (1,132 to 1,309 ft) above sea level with rugged mountain areas. Coastal areas deviate from plain to hilly terrains. Rivers, streams and springs abound throughout the municipality, but the most prominent is the Talolong River.
Lopez is politically subdivided into 95 barangays, 7 of which are urban and 88 are rural.
- Burgos (Poblacion)
- Danlagan (Poblacion)
- Gomez (Poblacion)
- Magsaysay (Poblacion)
- Rizal (Poblacion)
- San Lorenzo Ruiz (Poblacion)
- Talolong (Poblacion)
- Banabahin Ibaba
- Banabahin Ilaya
- Binahian A
- Binahian B
- Binahian C
- Canda Ibaba
- Canda Ilaya
- Cogorin Ibaba
- Cogorin Ilaya
- De La Paz
- Del Rosario
- Esperanza Ibaba
- Esperanza Ilaya
- Ilayang Ilog A
- Ilayang Ilog B
- Rizal (Rural)
- San Andres
- San Antonio
- San Francisco A
- San Francisco B
- San Isidro
- San Jose
- San Miguel (Dao)
- San Pedro
- San Rafael
- San Roque
- Sta. Catalina
- Sta. Elena
- Sta. Jacobe
- Sta. Lucia
- Sta. Maria
- Sta. Rosa
- Sta. Teresa
- Sto. Niño Ibaba
- Sto. Niño Ilaya
- Tan-ag Ibaba
- Tan-ag Ilaya
- Villa Aurora
- Villa Espina
There was a flourishing coastal settlement somewhere in the southern part of the municipality of Gumaca called Talolong. The settlement’s name was derived from the name of the river that traverses the place.
The original location of the settlement was in the marshy mouth of a sedate river, which was founded by the descendants of Datu Dumangsil and Datu Balinsusa of the Kalilayan kingdom. Due to the frequent plundering and terrorism of the pirates, the colony was transferred to the present town’s location.
The settlement of Lakan Bugtali who founded the community of Gumaca was gone. Even a trace of its remains cannot be identified neither the vintages of the encomienda of Kalilayan nor a fraction of its 16th century glories. When it became a sitio through a papal bull, the village started to manage by her own.
In 1756, some people from the town of Mayoboc (present-day Pitogo) sought refuge in the sitio as they fled the Moro raid that burned the town to the ground. After sometime, some of them become discontented with the affairs of governing the sitio, went back to the original site of Mayoboc and again formed a settlement on an uphill portion, more suitable to guard against the Moro pirates. It later came to be known as Pitogo.
As the sitio became more organized and seen an increase in population, it formally became a full pledged town, separated from Gumaca, in June 30, 1857, during the Governorship of Alcalde Mayor Don Candido Lopez y Diaz. It later came to be known as the town of Lopez.
|Population census of Lopez|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Settlement areas in the municipality are highly scattered; population concentration is noticeable only within the poblacion, that is, the urban barangays of Burgos, Danlagan, Gomez, Magsaysay, Rizal, San Lorenzo Ruiz (Bocboc) and Talolong as well as the rural barangays of Mal-ay, Sugod, Pansol, Calantipayan, Manguisian, Del Pilar, Bebito, Canda Ibaba and Canda Ilaya which are traversed by the national highway. The rest of rural barangays are reached by other road networks which are accessible during dry and wet season. According to the 2007 census, it had a population of 86,660, a quarter of which are in the urban areas and the rest are in the rural areas. Males outnumbered the females at a ratio of 105.34 to 100. The population grew to 95,167 in the 2015 census.
- Iglesia Ni Cristo
- Roman Catholic
- Seventh-Day Adventist
- Jehovah's Witnesses
- Latter day saints
- Church Of God
- Protestant Eastern Orthodox
Lopez had a labor force of 56.99% in 2000 or 44,849. About 9,474 of the employed labor force were engaged in primary industries such as farming and fishing. Its economy is basically engaged in agriculture, crops, poultry and livestock production. Around 17,778.57 has. representing 45% of the total land area planted to coconut trees, 2,300 has. are established to rice production, 628 has. to corn harvest. Growing around are natural materials for handicraft such as wild vines, buri, anahaw, tikiw, bamboo, cogon and talahib.Several cottage industries exist in the locality such as bamboo furniture, bolo, baskets, rattan, anahaw and buri fan making, buntal and tikiw. It also has rich fishing grounds in the Lopez Bay area and a number of inland fishponds. Fish, shrimps, prawns, crabs and other sea products are abundant.
Rice is also a major staple crop, the municipality is also a major banana producer in the region. Other crops grown in the municipality are citrus, root crops, vegetables and industrial crops. Majority of the farmers are also raising livestock and poultry.
Lopez is dubbed as the educational center of Southern Quezon. Several educational institutions operate in the town serving not only its citizens but also those coming from the Bondoc Peninsula and the Bicol Region. Very notable among these are the Polytechnic University of the Philippines - Lopez, Philippine Normal University - South Luzon, Eastern Tayabas College and the Lopez National Comprehensive High School. The Quezon Provincial Training Center of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) is also located in the town. Lopez is also now home to Laguna State Polytechnic University (LSPU) and Technological University of the Philippines (TUP) as the two state universities have started operating in the town since June 2012. Furthermore, preparatory, primary and secondary education are no longer a problem since several schools have already opened their doors in the far-flung areas to serve the rural youth as part of town's mission of bringing the schools closer to the people.
- Number of Preparatory Schools:
- Public - 56
- Private - 6
- Number of Elementary Schools:
- West District - 27
- East District - 34
- Private - 5
- Number of Secondary Schools:
- Public - 13
- Private - 5
- Higher Education, Non-Formal and Technical Institutions
- Non-Formal Education Schools
- Mission Care International School of Caregiver
- Technical Schools
- ACEBA Systems Technology Institute
- TESDA - Quezon Provincial Training Center
Elected municipal officials 2016–2019:
- Mayor: Rachel Ubana
- Vice Mayor: Adeline Lee
- Erwin Olanda
- Ricardo Rico
- Arke Yulde
- Castor Alanao
- Willard Tabien
- Alex V. Vergara
- Dra. Cherie Tan
- Edmundo Chan
- Number of Hospitals
- Public - 1
- Private - 2
- Number of Private Health Clinics - 4
- Number of Brgy. Health Centers - 31
- Number of Police Personnel - 79
- Number of Fire Personnel - 18
- Communication and Transportation Facilities
- Number of Postal Offices - 2
- Number of Mobile Phone Companies - 3
- Number of Landline Phone Companies - 2
- Number of Telegraph Stations - 2
- Number of CATV Companies - 1
- Number of FM Radio Stations - 2
Feasts and Festivals
- Patronal Town Fiesta, in honor of the town's patroness, Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary - October 7
- Pamaypay Festival Day, April 30
- Foundation Day, June 30, 1857, when Sitio/Visita Talolong became a Town (Pueblo)independent and separate from Gumaca, Quezon (Tayabas)
- Mayflower Festival, or the Flores de Maria, celebrated the whole month of May culminating with a celebration in dance and songs of praise at the end of the month.
- Tibag Cave - a man-made cave shelter dating back the 2nd World War. Said to be a hiding place of the Guerillas who fought the Japanese invaders. Located in Brgy. Talolong.
- Binutas Cave - also a man=made cave dating back the Japanese Occupation period. Used by the Guerillas as a tactical war maneuver point. Located in Brgy. Matinik, just beside the PNR Railways.
- Pulong Niyogan - an islet off the shore of Brgy. Hondagua, noted for its unspoiled fine sand beach and varieties of corals and fish.
- Pansol Floating Restaurants - Located at Brgy. Pansol and can be accessed from the Maharlika Highway. Composed of several restaurants on floating bamboo rafts, these are popular getaway of many Lopenzes during vacations.
- Gen. Gaudencio Vera's Monument - located in Brgy. Lalaguna. Erected to commemorate the heroism and bravery of Gen. Gaudencio Vera during the Japanese period. He was the leader of the guerilla faction called Vera's Guerilla Party operating in the Southern Tagalog and Northern Bicol.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Quezon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Quezon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "2007 Census of Population". Philippine Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2008-10-04.