Brown box crab

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Brown box crab
Brown box crab (Lopholithodes foraminatus).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Anomura
Family: Lithodidae
Genus: Lopholithodes
Species: L. foraminatus
Binomial name
Lopholithodes foraminatus
(Stimpson, 1859)

The brown box crab, Lopholithodes foraminatus, is a king crab that lives from Kodiak Island, Alaska to San Diego, California.[1] at depths of 0–547 metres (0–1,795 ft).[2] It reaches a carapace length of 150 millimetres (5.9 in), and feeds on bivalves and detritus. It often lies buried in the sediment, and two foramens in the chelipeds allow water into the gill chamber for respiration.[1] The gill chamber is also sometimes used by the commensal fish Careproctus to hold its eggs.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Brown box crab, Lopholithodes formaminatus [sic]". Alaska Fisheries Science Center. Retrieved October 25, 2011. 
  2. ^ Pierre Chevaldonne and Karine Olu (1996). "Occurrence of anomuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) in hydro thermal vent and cold-seep communities: a review". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 109 (2): 286–298.  PDF
  3. ^ Alex E. Peden & Cathryn A. Corbett (1973). "Commensalism between a liparid fish, Careproctus sp., and the lithodid box crab, Lopholithodes foraminatus". Canadian Journal of Zoology. 51 (5): 555–556. doi:10.1139/z73-081. 

External links[edit]