Lophopidae

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Lophopidae
Pitambara montana.jpg
Pitambara montana and frontal view of the face
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraorder: Fulgoromorpha
Superfamily: Fulgoroidea
Family: Lophopidae
Stål, 1866[1]

Lophopidae is a family of fulgoroid plant-hoppers with most species found in tropical South America and Asia (two genera occur in Africa). Most members of the family are characterized by the face being longer than wide with at least two lateral ridges (the median ridge/carina may be absent). The hind tibia can bear some spines, two to three (about four may be seen in the Eurybrachyidae). Lateral ocelli are present below the compound eye and slightly in front of it.[2] The wings are broad and held somewhat flat and the wings are often patterned. The nymphs have two long tails and many members have slightly flattened front tibiae.[3][4]

Subfamilies, Tribes and Genera[edit]

Elasmoscelis sp.
Magia subocellata

Two subfamilies are currently recognised; the Catalogue of Life and FLOW list:

Lophopinae Stål, 1866[edit]

Menoscinae Melichar, 1915[edit]

incertae sedis[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stål C. (1866) Hemiptera Homoptera Latr. Hemiptera Africana, 4: 1-276.
  2. ^ Soulier-Perkins, Adeline (2001). "The Phylogeny of the Lophopidae and the Impact of Sexual Selection and Coevolutionary Sexual Conflict". Cladistics. 17: 56–78. doi:10.1006/clad.2000.0152. 
  3. ^ Soulier-Perkins, Adeline (1998). "The Lophopidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha): Description of three new genera and key to the genera of the family" (PDF). European Journal of Entomology. 95: 599–618. 
  4. ^ Hamilton, K.G. Andrew (2011). "Making sense of Fulgoroidea (Hemiptera): new phylogenetic evidence". Cicadina. 12: 57–79. 

External Links[edit]