Nothofagus obliqua

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Nothofagus obliqua
Roble (Nothofagus obliqua).JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Nothofagaceae
Genus: Nothofagus
Species: N. obliqua
Binomial name
Nothofagus obliqua
(Mirb.)
Synonyms

Lophozonia obliqua
Fagus obliqua
Lophozonia heterocarpa

Nothofagus obliqua, commonly known as Patagonian oak', roble,pellín,roble pellín,and hualle in his early state of growth[1] or roble beech,[2] is a deciduous tree from Chile and Argentina. It grows from 33 to 43° south latitude. The northern extent of this tree's range in Chile is considered to be the Vizcachas Mountains and La Campana National Park.[3] N. obliqua was propsed to be renamed Lophozonia obliqua in 2013.[4]

Description[edit]

Nothofagus obliqua reaches a height of 50 meters (175 ft).[5] and 2 m (6.5 ft) diameter.

L. obliqua

The trunk has greyish-brown to dark brown bark and is often forked. The leaves are alternate and somewhat curled between the veins and the serrated margin. The trees bear separate male and female flowers, both of which are small, surrounded by green bracts, and rather inconspicuous.

In Chile, young specimens ( which have soft, yellowish wood ) are known as roble hualle, while old trees, which have developed the reddish heartwood characteristic of mature specimens are known as roble pellín. The tree has a good shape and its timber is valued for its durability, being used for furniture-making and in construction.

Cultivation[edit]

The tree was introduced to the British Isles in 1849.[6] Material with provenance from different places in its natural environment was tested in cultivation in Scotland. Trees cultivated from material collected from Ñuble, which is the provenance closest to the Equator, were the most damaged by frosts. Unfortunately seeds of that provenance were supplied to many commercial growers in the 1970s in the United Kingdom. Seeds sourced from Neuquen in Argentina proved the hardiest. A selection from Malleco, Chile, which is the provenance of the first trees planted in the British Isles also gave good hardiness results.[7] It has also been planted on the North Pacific Coast of the United States.[8]

Experimental plantations established in Wales suffered severe damage during the 1981–1982 cold wave that swept through Britain.[9]

Subspecies[edit]

There are two recognised subspecies of N. obliqua. These are:

  • N. obliqua subsp. andina (F.M.Vazquez & R.A.Rodr.)
  • N. obliqua subsp. valdiviana (Phil.) Heenan & Smissen.

Nothofagus macrocarpa was once also considered a subspecies, as Fagus obliqua var. macrocarpa.[4]

Hybrids[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ "Nothofagus obliqua". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Chilean Wine Palm: Jubaea chilensis, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ a b c HEENAN, PETER B.; SMISSEN, ROB D. (2013). "Revised circumscription of Nothofagus and recognition of the segregate genera Fuscospora, Lophozonia, and Trisyngyne (Nothofagaceae)". Phytotaxa. 146 (1): 131. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.146.1.1. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Salas, C., and García, O. 2006. Modelling height development of mature Nothofagus obliqua. Forest Ecology and Management 229(1-3): 1-6". doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.04.015.
  6. ^ Henry John Elwes, F.R.S. and Augustine Henry. M.A. Trees of Great Britain and Ireland. MCMVII. Volume III. Edinburgh
  7. ^ M. B. Murray, M. G. R. Cannell, L. J. Sheppard and R. Lines. 1986. Frost Hardiness of Nothofagus procera and Nothofagus obliqua in Britain. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Bush Estate Penicuik, Midlothian, Scotland. Forestry Commission, Northern Research Station, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland.
  8. ^ "Nothofagus obliqua in Washington Park Arboretum" (PDF). Seattle Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-24. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  9. ^ Danby, N.P. (1991). "Nothofagus in Wales". Quarterly Journal of Forestry. LXXXV (2): 103–116.

External links[edit]