Loppa

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Loppa kommune
Láhpi suohkan
Lappean komuuni
Municipality
View of the village of Øksfjord
View of the village of Øksfjord
Flag of Loppa kommune
Flag
Coat of arms of Loppa kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Loppa kommune
Finnmark within
Norway
Loppa within Finnmark
Loppa within Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°14′22″N 22°20′55″E / 70.23944°N 22.34861°E / 70.23944; 22.34861Coordinates: 70°14′22″N 22°20′55″E / 70.23944°N 22.34861°E / 70.23944; 22.34861
Country Norway
County Finnmark
District Vest-Finnmark
Established 1 Jan 1838
Administrative centre Øksfjord
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Steinar Halvorsen (H)
Area
 • Total 688.87 km2 (265.97 sq mi)
 • Land 670.93 km2 (259.05 sq mi)
 • Water 17.94 km2 (6.93 sq mi)  2.6%
Area rank #164 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 968
(Increase from last year)
 • Rank #398 in Norway
 • Density 1.4/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -15.8%
Demonym(s) Loppværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
ISO 3166 code NO-2014
Official language form Bokmål
Website loppa.kommune.no

Loppa (Northern Sami: Láhppi and Kven: Lappean) is a municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Øksfjord. Other villages in Loppa include Andsnes, Bergsfjord, Langfjordhamn, Loppa, Nuvsvåg, Øksfjordbotn, Sandland, and Sør-Tverrfjord.

The 689-square-kilometre (266 sq mi) municipality is the 164th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Loppa is the 398th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 968. The municipality's population density is 1.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.6/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 15.8% over the last decade.[2]

Most people live in the village of Øksfjord, but smaller communities are spread out along the shores and islands, notably Nuvsvåg, Sandland, Bergsfjord, Brynilen, and the island of Loppa. This island was previously the administrative centre of the municipality (hence the name). There is no airport, but Øksfjord is a port of call for the Hurtigruten boats.

General information[edit]

View of the village of Bergsfjord
View near Øksfjord

The municipality of Loppa was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1858, the northern part of Loppa on the island of Sørøya and most of Loppa on Stjernøya (population: 506) was separated to form the new municipality of Hasvik. This left Loppa with 801 residents. The borders of the municipality have not changed since that time.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the island of Loppa (Old Norse: Loppa), since it was the former centre of the municipality and the first church (Loppa Church) was located there. The meaning of the name is uncertain. Historically, the name was spelled Loppen.[4][5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 19 December 1980. The arms show a great black cormorant on a gold background. The cormorant was chosen as a symbol since the municipality has several typical fishing villages which often attract cormorants.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Loppa. It is part of the Alta prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Loppa
Parish (sokn) Name Location Year built
Loppa Bergsfjord Church Bergsfjord 1951
Loppa Church Loppa 1953
Nuvsvåg Chapel Nuvsvåg 1961
Sandland Chapel Sandland 1971
Øksfjord Church Øksfjord 1954

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Loppa, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[7] The municipality falls under the Alta District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Loppa is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Loppa Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet6
 Conservative PartyHøyre5
 Centre PartySenterpartiet2
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti2
Total number of members:15

Geography[edit]

Loppa is the westernmost municipality of Finnmark and it faces the open stretch of the Norwegian Sea called Lopphavet, and it is mostly coastal with fjords and islands under the gigantic snowcap of the Øksfjordjøkelen glacier. The municipality includes most of the peninsula between the Kvænangen and the Altafjorden. There are also several islands in the municipality, notably Loppa, Silda, and part of Stjernøya. The mountains Lopptinden and Svartfjellet both lie in the municipality along with the glaciers Langfjordjøkelen, Øksfjordjøkelen, and Svartfjelljøkelen.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Øksfjord
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−3.5
(25.7)
−2.1
(28.2)
0.7
(33.3)
4.8
(40.6)
8.9
(48)
12.1
(53.8)
11.3
(52.3)
7.7
(45.9)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
3.1
(37.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73
(2.87)
67
(2.64)
57
(2.24)
52
(2.05)
46
(1.81)
52
(2.05)
59
(2.32)
71
(2.8)
80
(3.15)
105
(4.13)
82
(3.23)
86
(3.39)
830
(32.68)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 93–94. 
  5. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Loppa" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-08-20. 
  7. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  9. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14. 

External links[edit]