View of the village of Øksfjord
Loppa within Finnmark
|Established||1 Jan 1838|
|• Mayor (2015)||Steinar Halvorsen (H)|
|• Total||688.87 km2 (265.97 sq mi)|
|• Land||670.93 km2 (259.05 sq mi)|
|• Water||17.94 km2 (6.93 sq mi) 2.6%|
|Area rank||#164 in Norway|
( from last year)
|• Rank||#398 in Norway|
|• Density||1.4/km2 (4/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-15.8%|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02:00)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-2014|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
Loppa (Northern Sami: Láhppi and Kven: Lappean) is a municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Øksfjord. Other villages in Loppa include Andsnes, Bergsfjord, Langfjordhamn, Loppa, Nuvsvåg, Øksfjordbotn, Sandland, and Sør-Tverrfjord.
The 689-square-kilometre (266 sq mi) municipality is the 164th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Loppa is the 398th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 968. The municipality's population density is 1.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.6/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 15.8% over the last decade.
Most people live in the village of Øksfjord, but smaller communities are spread out along the shores and islands, notably Nuvsvåg, Sandland, Bergsfjord, Brynilen, and the island of Loppa. This island was previously the administrative centre of the municipality (hence the name). There is no airport, but Øksfjord is a port of call for the Hurtigruten boats.
The municipality of Loppa was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1858, the northern part of Loppa on the island of Sørøya and most of Loppa on Stjernøya (population: 506) was separated to form the new municipality of Hasvik. This left Loppa with 801 residents. The borders of the municipality have not changed since that time.
The municipality is named after the island of Loppa (Old Norse: Loppa), since it was the former centre of the municipality and the first church (Loppa Church) was located there. The meaning of the name is uncertain. Historically, the name was spelled Loppen.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 19 December 1980. The arms show a great black cormorant on a gold background. The cormorant was chosen as a symbol since the municipality has several typical fishing villages which often attract cormorants.
|Parish (sokn)||Name||Location||Year built|
All municipalities in Norway, including Loppa, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Alta District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of|
|Socialist Left Party||Sosialistisk Venstreparti||2|
|Total number of members:||15|
Loppa is the westernmost municipality of Finnmark and it faces the open stretch of the Norwegian Sea called Lopphavet, and it is mostly coastal with fjords and islands under the gigantic snowcap of the Øksfjordjøkelen glacier. The municipality includes most of the peninsula between the Kvænangen and the Altafjorden. There are also several islands in the municipality, notably Loppa, Silda, and part of Stjernøya. The mountains Lopptinden and Svartfjellet both lie in the municipality along with the glaciers Langfjordjøkelen, Øksfjordjøkelen, and Svartfjelljøkelen.
|Climate data for Øksfjord|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−3.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||73
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
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- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 93–94.
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- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
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