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Ligaria cuneifolia.jpg
Ligaria cuneifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Santalales
Family: Loranthaceae

See text

Lorenthaceae distribution.png
Distribution of the Lorenthaceae.
Psittacanthus flowering atop a tree

The Loranthaceae are a family of flowering plants. It consists of about 75 genera and 1,000 species of woody plants, many of them hemiparasites, all of them except three having the mistletoe habit. The three terrestrial species are Nuytsia floribunda – the Western Australian Christmas tree, Atkinsonia ligustrina – a rare shrub of the Blue Mountains of Australia, and the Central to South American species Gaiadendron punctatum.

Originally, the Loranthaceae contained all mistletoe species, but the typical Christmas mistletoes of Europe and North America, whose genera Viscum and Phoradendron, belong to the family Santalaceae (previously, these two genera and their closest relatives were in a separate family, Viscaceae, which has been merged into Santalaceae).

The APG II system 2003 assigns the family to the order Santalales in the clade core eudicots.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 

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