|Founded||1849Buffalo, New Yorkin|
|Founders||Frederick A. Lord and William Addison Burnham|
|Products||Boilers, greenhouses, and conservatories|
|Website||Lord & Burnham Archives & Historic Plans|
Lord & Burnham was a noted American boiler and greenhouse manufacturer, and builders of major public conservatories in the United States.
The company began in 1849 when Frederick A. Lord, a carpenter, started building wood and glass greenhouses for neighbors in Buffalo, New York. It became Lord's full-time profession in 1856 as production moved to Syracuse, New York and then to Irvington, New York to be closer to his customers in the large Hudson River estates. In 1872 Lord's son-in-law William Addison Burnham joined the firm. Their first major commission came in the 1876 when California philanthropist James Lick hired the firm to create a 12,000-square-foot (1,100 m2) conservatory similar to that in Kew Gardens. Its parts were fabricated in New York and shipped to California by boat around Cape Horn. Lick died before the greenhouse could be constructed, but the materials were used to build the Conservatory of Flowers in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park.
In 1881 the firm constructed the first steel-framed curvilinear greenhouse in the United States for railroad magnate Jay Gould, on a property now open as Lyndhurst. In 1883 the partnership incorporated as Lord's Horticultural Manufacturing Company, and in 1890 the name was changed to today's Lord & Burnham Company.
Beginning in 1894, the company purchased underwater property beyond the tracks in Irvington and began filling in to create new land for an expansion. The expansion complex was completed by 1912, at which time the company employed 250 men.
The company used the property as additional factory space in the production process of their greenhouses. By 1988, only about a dozen employees remained at the Irvington factory, and Lord and Burnham ceased to exist when the factory closed in that year.
The company's early greenhouses were made of cypress before switching to iron or steel. Although experimentation with aluminum began in 1932 with the United States Botanic Garden, commercial production was not economical until 1955.
Major Lord & Burnham conservatories include:
- Conservatory of Flowers, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, California, 1878-1879, a wood-and-glass greenhouse
- Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens, Schenley Park, Pittsburgh, 1892–1893
- Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens, Buffalo, New York, 1895–1899
- New York Botanical Garden, 1899–1902
- Sonnenberg Gardens and Mansion State Historic Park, Canandaigua, New York, 1903–1915
- Reynolda Gardens, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 1912
- United States Botanic Garden, Washington, DC, 1933
- Volunteer Park Conservatory, Volunteer Park, Seattle, Washington, 1912
- Krohn Conservatory, Eden Park, Cincinnati, built 1933, restored by Lord & Burnham in 1966
Company archives and historic plans
The title to the company's archives was given to the Archives of the New York Botanical Garden in 1990, along with their historic architectural plans. The collection includes over 140,000 architectural plans for more than 7,000 glass structures.
The Conservatory of Flowers as it appeared in 1879, before its dome was replaced following a fire in 1883
- Sinon, Stephen. "Research Guides: Lord and Burnham: Home". libguides.nybg.org. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
- Barmann, Jay (January 14, 2022) "In Its History, SF's Conservatory of Flowers Has Burned Down Twice, and Was Nearly Destroyed By a Windstorm In 1995" SFist
- Lord & Burnham
- "Irvington Historical Society". Archived from the original on 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2010-09-28.
- "Lord & Burnham" on the Under Glass website
- "Quality Greenhouses | Solariums & Skylights | Lord & Burnham | BarCaps Greenhouse | Affordable Greenhouses and Solariums | Ulster County Greenhouses | Hudson Valley Greenhouse | Conservatories | Greenhouse Installation | Solarium Install | Greenhouse Accessories". lordandburnham.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "Rough Brothers, Inc. History". www.roughbros.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "About Burnham Commercial Boilers - America's leading manufacturer and marketer of high-quality boilers and control systems for commercial and industrial applications as well as Water Heaters, High Efficiency systems, and Control Systems for Commercial Use". www.burnhamcommercial.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- Bennett, Paul (Jul 1, 2000). The Garden Lover's Guide to the Midwest. Princeton Architectural Press. p. 35. ISBN 9781568981659. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- Buffalo Gardens.com: "Crystal Palaces" — article on Lord & Burnham.
- Guide to the Lord & Burnham Collection at the New York Botanical Garden - resource that contains general historic information about the company, as well as a searchable database of historic glasshouse plans