Earl of Cromer

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Earl of Cromer
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Cromer

Blazon

Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Azure, a Fess Or, in chief a Bear’s Head proper, muzzled and ringed Gold (Baring); 2nd & 3rd, Gules, a Cross-Pattée fitchée Or, between three fish haurient Argent, within an orle of eight Cross-Crosslets Or. Crest: A Mullet Erminois, between two wings Argent. Supporters: Dexter: a Bear proper, muzzled Gold, gorged with a Collar chequy Argent and Azure, Sinister: a Bear proper, muzzled Gold, gorged with a Collar gemel Azure, both and charged on the shoulder with an Escallop Or.

Creation date8 August 1901
MonarchEdward VII
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderEvelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer
Present holderEvelyn Baring, 4th Earl of Cromer
Heir apparentAlexander Baring, Viscount Errington
Remainder tothe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body
Subsidiary titlesViscount Cromer
Viscount Errington
Baron Cromer
StatusExtant
Armorial mottoPROBITATE ET LABORE
(By probity and industry)
Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer

Earl of Cromer is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, held by members of the Baring family, of German descent. It was created for Evelyn Baring, 1st Viscount Cromer, long time British Consul-General in Egypt. He had already been created Baron Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk, in 1892,[1] Viscount Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk, in 1899,[2] and was made Viscount Errington, of Hexham in the County of Northumberland, and Earl of Cromer, in the County of Norfolk, on 8 August 1901.[3] These titles are also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. A member of the influential Baring banking family, Lord Cromer was the son of Henry Baring, third son of Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet. He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl, a diplomat and civil servant. His son, the third Earl, was also a diplomat and served as British Ambassador to the United States between 1971 and 1974. In 2010 the titles are held by the latter's son, the fourth Earl, who succeeded in 1991. As a descendant of Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet, he is also in remainder to this title, which is (as of 2009) held by his kinsman the Baron Northbrook.

Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale, was the third son of the first Earl.

Cromer refers to Cromer in the county of Norfolk.

The family seat is Drayton Court, near Drayton, Somerset.

Earls of Cromer (1901)[edit]

Bookplate by Henry Badeley showing the coat of arms of the Earl of Cromer

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Alexander Rowland Harmsworth Baring, Viscount Errington (b. 1994)

Line of Succession[edit]

  1. Alexander Rowland Harmsworth Baring, Viscount Errington (born 1994), only son of the 4th Earl
  2. Hon. Vivian John Rowland Baring (born 1950), second son of 3rd Earl, brother of the 4th Earl
  3. Rowley Mark Thomas Baring (born 1977), eldest son of 2
  4. Henry Windham Rowland Baring (born 2017), only son of 3
  5. Thomas Patrick Vivian Baring (born 1979), second son of 2
  6. Ludovic John Baring (born 2010), eldest son of 5
  7. Patrick Windham Baring (born 2012), second son of 5

The line of succession then continues with descendants of the younger sons of the 1st Earl.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 26298". The London Gazette. 17 June 1892. p. 3513.
  2. ^ "No. 27047". The London Gazette. 31 January 1899. p. 602.
  3. ^ "No. 27344". The London Gazette. 9 August 1901. p. 5257.

External links[edit]