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The Lord Empey
|Chairman of the Ulster Unionist Party|
|Assumed office |
1 April 2012
|Preceded by||David Campbell|
|Member of the House of Lords|
|Assumed office |
15 January 2011
|Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party|
24 June 2005 – 22 September 2010
|Preceded by||David Trimble|
|Succeeded by||Tom Elliott|
|Minister for Employment and Learning|
8 May 2007 – 27 October 2010
|First Minister||Ian Paisley|
|Deputy First Minister||Martin McGuinness|
|Preceded by||Carmel Hanna|
|Succeeded by||Danny Kennedy|
|First Minister of Northern Ireland|
1 July 2001 – 6 November 2001
Serving with Seamus Mallon
|Preceded by||David Trimble|
|Succeeded by||David Trimble|
|Minister of Enterprise, Trade and Investment|
1 July 1998 – 14 October 2002
|First Minister||David Trimble|
|Deputy First Minister||Seamus Mallon|
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Nigel Dodds|
|Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly |
for Belfast East
25 June 1998 – 5 May 2011
|Preceded by||Constituency created|
|Succeeded by||Michael Copeland|
Reginald Norman Morgan Empey
26 October 1947
Belfast, Northern Ireland
|Political party||Ulster Unionist Party |
(Before 1973; 1984–present)
|Ulster Vanguard |
United Ulster Unionist Party
|Alma mater||Queen's University Belfast|
Reginald Norman Morgan Empey, Baron Empey OBE (born 26 October 1947), best known as Reg Empey, is a British politician who was the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party from 2005 to 2010, and has been its chairman since 2012. Empey was also twice Lord Mayor of Belfast and was a Member of the Legislative Assembly for East Belfast from 1998 to 2011.
Reg Empey was born in West Belfast on 26 October 1947. His family were retailers, and his uncle was a Stormont Ulster Unionist MP. Empey attended Hillcrest Preparatory School, Belfast, and The Royal School, Armagh, before graduating with an economics degree from Queen's University of Belfast, where his contemporaries included the future MP Bernadette Devlin. After that he built up a business career, specifically in retailing. His Royal Avenue store, located opposite the British Army barracks, was destroyed in an explosion, and looted.[when?]
He first entered politics in the late 1960s when he joined the Ulster Young Unionist Council. Along with other hardline unionists, he left in protest at reforms and became an early member of the Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party, serving as the party chairman in 1975 and being elected to the Constitutional Convention in the same year. When Vanguard split during the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention, Empey joined the breakaway group which formed the United Ulster Unionist Party, serving as the party's deputy leader from 1977 until its dissolution in 1984.
Ulster Unionist Party
Empey then rejoined the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). He was elected to Belfast City Council, serving as Lord Mayor in 1989–1990 and 1993–1994. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1994 New Year Honours for services to local government.
During this period Empey built up a political base in East Belfast, but in 1995 he sought to become the Ulster Unionists' candidate for the North Down by-election. He was not, however selected by North Down party members, losing out to Alan McFarland.
Empey became increasingly prominent in the UUP and was often a member of its negotiating teams throughout the 1990s, the decade when he first became a party officer, and he became a key ally of David Trimble, who became leader of the party in 1995. Trimble had been deputy leader of Vanguard in the years after the divide. In 1996 Empey was elected to the Northern Ireland Forum for East Belfast and in 1998 and 2003 he was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly.
When the Northern Ireland Executive was formed in 1999, Empey became Minister of Enterprise, Trade and Investment, holding the portfolio throughout the entirety of the Executive's existence. In June 2001 Trimble temporarily resigned as First Minister of Northern Ireland and appointed Empey to fulfil the functions of the office for the interim period until disagreements between the parties had been resolved. Empey undertook the role until November of that year. In 1999, Reg Empey was knighted by Her Majesty The Queen.
In October 2011 he welcomed the news that the National Transitional Council of Libya had agreed compensate victims of IRA bombings. He said the many shipments of arms sent to Ireland by Colonel Gaddafi for IRA use, were 'tantamount to an act of war against the United Kingdom.'
In 2005 Trimble resigned as leader following a disastrous showing by the UUP in the 2005 general election. Empey stood in the contest to succeed him and on 24 June 2005, was elected. In a reversal of fortunes, his main opponent was Alan McFarland, to whom he had lost the by-election nomination ten years earlier.
Reg and Stella Empey have two children. Empey is a member of the Orange Order, his lodge being Eldon LOL 7, in the Belfast district.
Empey first stood for election in the 1975 elections to the Constitutional Convention, standing as a candidate in Belfast East for the Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party he received 4657 first preference votes he was elected. In the 1977 Local Government elections he received 981 first preference votes and was unsuccessful (he did not run in the 1981 Local Government Elections), and the 1982 Assembly election he received 503 first preference votes.
In the 1985 Local Government election, he was elected to Belfast City Council with 1117 first preference votes, this was reduced in the subsequent 1989 local government election to 864.
In 1993 he was elected having attained 1295 first preference votes, and was elected again in 1997 with 2309 first preference votes. However this still left him behind his main DUP rival in the Pottinger Electoral Area, Sammy Wilson.
He was a senior Ulster Unionist negotiator for the Good Friday Agreement.
Empey stood in every election since 1998 to the devolved Northern Ireland Assembly until the 2011 election. He was first elected to the Assembly in 1998 polling 12.8% of the popular vote, in 2003, 20.9% of the popular vote, and in 2007, 14% of the popular vote. Empey also stood against DUP MP for East Belfast Peter Robinson in the 2005 Westminster election polling 30.1% of the vote but failing to get elected.
On 15 May 2010, Empey announced that he was to stand down in late 2010 as leader of the Ulster Unionist Party. In August 2010, he confirmed that he would resign as leader in September 2010.
House of Lords
On 19 November 2010, it was announced that Empey would be created a life peer and will sit as a Conservative in the House of Lords. On 15 January 2011 he was created Baron Empey, of Shandon, in the City and Borough of Belfast and took his seat supported by Lord Trimble and Lord Rogan.
- Master Reginald Empey (1947–1963)
- Mr Reginald Empey (1963–1994)
- Mr Reginald Empey OBE (1994–1998)
- Mr Reginald Empey OBE MLA (1998–1999)
- Sir Reginald Empey OBE MLA (1999–2011)
- Rt. Hon. The Lord Empey OBE MLA (2011)
- Rt. Hon. The Lord Empey OBE (2011 –*
- O'Day, Alan (11 June 2014). Longman Handbook of Modern Irish History Since 1800. Taylor & Francis. p. 99. ISBN 9781317897101. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- "No. 53527". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1993. p. 11.
- "No. 55610". The London Gazette. 14 September 1999. p. 9844.
- Some good can come out of Presbyterian Mutual collapse Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, thenews.coop, 19 March 2009.
- Empey, Lord (17 October 2011). "CoIt is time for Libya to pay for IRA attacks". Exaro news. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- "Northern Ireland Elections – who won what and where?". ARK. 7 October 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2008.
- East Belfast ARK
- Sir Reg to 'stand down' in autumn.
- "Sir Reg Empey confirms resignation" Belfast Telegraph, 9 August 2010
- Association, Press (9 August 2010). "The Guardian – Ulster Unionist leader Sir Reg Empey to step down next month". The Guardian. London: The Guardian. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "BBC News – Sir Reg Empey to become a peer". BBC News. BBC News. 19 November 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "No. 59676". The London Gazette. 20 January 2011. p. 869.