Baron Henley

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Arms of Eden: Gules, on a chevron argent between three garbs or banded vert as many escallops sable; quarters Henley; crest: A dexter arm in armour couped at the shoulder proper and grasping a garb or; supporters:d dexter: A lion argent semée of torteaux ducally crowned or having a plain collar or rimmed azure on the collar three escallops sable and pendant therefrom a shield or charged with an eagle displayed with two heads sable; sinister: A stag argent semée of torteaux, attired or gorged with a plain collar or rimmed azure on the collar three escallops sable and pendant therefrom a shield or charged with an eagle displayed with one head sable
Arms of Henley: Azure, a lion rampant argent ducally crowned or a bordure of the second charged with eight torteaux. Quartering Bertie.[1] Crest: A lion's head erased argent charged with hurts and ducally crowned or. Supporters: dexter: A lion argent semée of torteaux langued gules and ducally crowned or; sinister: A stag argent semée of torteaux attired and unguled or. motto: 'Sola et Unica Virtus ("Alone and unique is virtue")

Baron Henley is a title that has been created twice: first in the Peerage of Great Britain and then in the Peerage of Ireland. The first creation came in 1760 in favour of Sir Robert Henley, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, when he was created Lord Henley, Baron of Grainge, in the County of Southampton.[2] In 1764 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Northington.[3] On the death of his son, the second Earl, both titles became extinct. Lady Elizabeth Henley, youngest daughter of the first Earl and co-heiress of the second Earl, married the diplomat Morton Eden. In 1799, the Henley title was revived when Eden was created Baron Henley, of Chardstock in the County of Dorset, in the Peerage of Ireland. Their son, the second Baron, assumed the surname of Henley in lieu of Eden and notably published a biography of his maternal grandfather. His son, the third Baron, sat as Liberal Member of Parliament for Northampton. In 1885 the Northington title was also revived when he was created Baron Northington, of Watford in the County of Northampton, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[4] This title gave the Barons an automatic seat in the House of Lords.

His younger son, the sixth Baron, resumed the surname of Eden in 1925, the same year he succeeded his half-brother in the titles. As of 2013 the peerages are held by his grandson, the eighth Baron, who succeeded his father in 1977. He is a Conservative politician and served in the Conservative administrations of Margaret Thatcher, John Major and David Cameron. Lord Henley is now one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act of 1999.

The Barons Henley are members of the prominent Eden family. The first Baron was the fifth son of Sir Robert Eden, 3rd Baronet, of West Auckland, and the younger brother of William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland. Their elder brother Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland (second son of the third Baronet of West Auckland), was the great-great-grandfather of Prime Minister Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, and the great-great-great-grandfather of the Conservative politician John Benedict Eden, Baron Eden of Winton.

The family seat is Scaleby Castle, near Carlisle, Cumbria.

Barons Henley, first creation (1760)[edit]

Earls of Northington (1764)[edit]

Barons Henley, second creation (1799)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son, the Hon. John Michael Oliver Eden (born 1988).

Male-line family tree[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Arms of Bertie: Argent, three battering rams proper armed and garnished azure
  2. ^ "No. 9986". The London Gazette. 29 March 1760. p. 1.
  3. ^ "No. 10418". The London Gazette. 19 May 1764. p. 4.
  4. ^ "No. 25486". The London Gazette. 3 July 1885. p. 3060.