Charles Hodson, Baron Hodson
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Hodson
Hodson in 1954, by Walter Stoneman
|Lords of Appeal in Ordinary|
1 October 1960 – 1971
|Born||Francis Lord Charlton Hodson
17 September 1895
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England
|Died||11 March 1984
Goring-on-Thames, South Oxfordshire
|Spouse(s)||Susan Mary Blake (m. 1918; her death 1965)|
|Children||3, including Anthea Joseph|
|Alma mater||Wadham College, Oxford|
|Years of service||1915–1919|
|Battles/wars||First World War|
|Military awards||Military Cross|
Charles, as he was always known, was the son of Rev. Thomas Hodson and Catherine Anne (née Maskew), he was born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, and educated in Cheltenham College and Wadham College, Oxford.
During the First World War, he served with the 7th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment, being wounded several times. He received the Military Cross for his action during the Siege of Kut with the following citation:
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He led his company most gallantly against a strong enemy redoubt, being twice wounded, and refused to be brought in till the wounded round him had been evacuated.
After the war, Hodson finished his studying and was called to the Bar by the Inner Temple in 1921. He was made a King's Counsel in 1937 and appointed to the High Court the same year, receiving the customary knighthood shortly after. Aged 42, he was the youngest High Court judge ever appointed.
He was Lord Justice of Appeal from 1951 to 1960, and was sworn in the Privy Council in 1951. On 1 October 1960, he was appointed Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and was created a life peer with the title Baron Hodson, of Rotherfield Greys in the County of Oxford.
He retired as Lord of Appeal in 1971. Hodson was a member of the International Court of Arbitration at The Hague between 1949 and 1971 and further president of the British branch of the International Law Association.
In Shaw v DPP, (1961) UKHL 1 rendered on 4 May 1961, Lord Hodson said,
|“||I am wholly satisfied that there is a common law misdemeanour of conspiracy to corrupt public morals. The judicial precedents which have been cited show conclusively to my mind that the Courts have never abandoned their function as custodes morum by surrendering to the Legislature the right and duty to apply established principles to new combinations of circumstances.||”|
In 1918, Hodson married Susan Mary Blake, daughter of Major William Greaves Blake. Susan had been his nurse during the war. They had three children. Their daughter, the Hon. Anthea Joseph, became a prominent publisher. Their elder son, Lt. Hubert Blake Hodson, was killed in action in Libya on 22 January 1941 while serving with the 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. The younger son, Hon. Charles Christopher Philip Hodson, married Rose Markham, daughter of Sir Charles Markham, 2nd Baronet, in 1953.
- "Lord Hodson: Former Lord of Appeal". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 14 March 1984. p. 18.
- Devlin. "Hodson, Francis Lord Charlton [Charles], Baron Hodson". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31243. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "No. 42159". The London Gazette. 4 October 1960. p. 6701.
- Morrison, Victor. "Joseph , Anthea Esther (1924–1981)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31211. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Hodson, Hubert Blake : Winchester College at War". Winchester College at War. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 2619. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.