Lord Howe parakeet

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Lord Howe parakeet
CyanorhamphusSubflavescensKeulemans.jpg
Illustration by Keulemans, 1891

Extinct  (1869) (EPBC Act)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittaculidae
Subfamily: Platycercinae
Tribe: Platycercini
Genus: Cyanoramphus
Species: C. subflavescens
Binomial name
Cyanoramphus subflavescens
Salvadori, 1891[1]
Synonyms
  • Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae subflavescens
  • Cyanoramphus cookii subflavescens

The Lord Howe parakeet (Cyanoramphus subflavescens[2][3]), also known as the Lord Howe red-fronted parakeet, is an extinct parrot endemic to Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea, part of New South Wales, Australia. It was described as full species by Tommaso Salvadori in 1891, but subsequently it has been regarded as subspecies of the Red-fronted parakeet. In 2012, the IOC World Bird List recognised it as species.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Pending molecular analysis, Christidis & Boles (2008) have suggested on biogeographical grounds that the taxon is likely to be most closely related to the Norfolk Island green parrot (Cyanoramphus cookii), as either a subspecies of what they have tentatively called the Tasman parakeet (Cyanoramphus cookii subflavescens), or possibly a full species (Cyanoramphus subflavescens).[4]

Description[edit]

By Gönvold

The Lord Howe parakeet was a medium-sized green parrot with a crimson cap and eye-stripe. Measurements of specimens indicate that it was slightly larger than the nominate subspecies as well as having yellower plumage and less extensive red markings on the head.[5]

Extinction[edit]

The parrot was formerly abundant on the island but was persecuted by the early settlers there because of its raids on their crops and gardens. It was last recorded in 1869.[6][7]

There are only two specimens of the Lord Howe parakeet in existence. They come from the John Gould collection, taken by John MacGillivray in September 1853 on the voyage of HMS Herald, and are held in the British Museum.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Salvadori
  2. ^ a b IOC world birdnames
  3. ^ Julian Pender Hume & Michale Walters: Extinct Birds p 171
  4. ^ Christidis & Boles, p.157.
  5. ^ Higgins et al, p.490.
  6. ^ Higgins et al, p.477.
  7. ^ Hindwood, p.63.
  8. ^ Schodde & Mason, p.147.

References[edit]

  • Christidis, Les; & Boles, Walter E. (2008). Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne. ISBN 978-0-643-06511-6
  • Higgins, P.J. (ed). (1999). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Volume 4: Parrots to Dollarbird. Oxford University Press: Melbourne. ISBN 0-19-553071-3
  • Hindwood, K.A. (1940). The Birds of Lord Howe Island. Emu 40: 1-86.
  • Salvadori, T. (1891). Descriptions of two new species of parrots of the genus Cyanoramphus in the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 7(6): 68.
  • Schodde, R.; & Mason, I.J. (1997). Aves (Columbidae to Coraciidae). In Houston, W.W.K. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 37.2. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne. ISBN 0-643-06456-7
  • Walters, Michael P. & Hume, Julian P.: Extinct Birds, Poyser Monographes A & C Black, 2012. ISBN 978-140-815-725-1 p 171