John Kerr (diplomat)

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The Right Honourable
Lord Kerr of Kinlochard
GCMG
Permanent Under Secretary of State of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
In office
1997–2002
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Sir John Coles
Succeeded by Sir Michael Jay
British Representative to the
European Union
In office
1990–1995
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by Sir David Hannay
Succeeded by Sir Stephen Wall
British Ambassador to the
United States
In office
1995–1997
President Bill Clinton
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by Sir Robin Renwick
Succeeded by Sir Christopher Meyer
Personal details
Born (1942-02-22) 22 February 1942 (age 75)
Grantown-on-Spey
Nationality British
Alma mater Pembroke College, University of Oxford

John Olav Kerr, Baron Kerr of Kinlochard GCMG (born 22 February 1942), is a former diplomat, now Deputy Chairman of Scottish Power and a crossbench member of the House of Lords. He is known for creating and writing Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty.

Background and education[edit]

Born in Grantown-on-Spey, he was educated at Glasgow Academy and at Pembroke College, Oxford (BA modern history 1963). He has Honorary degrees from the Universities of St Andrews, Aston and Glasgow. He is a Fellow of Imperial College London and of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and an Honorary Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford.[1]

Diplomatic career[edit]

He served in the British Diplomatic Service from 1966 until 2002. This included postings at the British Embassy in Moscow, and at the High Commission in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. He was Private secretary to the Permanent Under Secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1974 until 1979, and was on secondment to HM Treasury from 1979 until 1984, during which time he was Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1981 until 1984. He was Head of Chancery at the British Embassy in Washington DC from 1984 until 1987, then Assistant Under Secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1987 until 1990.

He was Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to the European Communities/European Union in Brussels from 1990 until 1995, and Ambassador to the United States in Washington from 1995 to 1997. Returning to London in 1997, he was Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office and Head of the Diplomatic Service until 2002. After leaving UK Government service he was Secretary General of the European Convention in 2002/3.

He was appointed to the Order of St Michael and St George as a Companion in the 1987 Birthday Honours,[2] was promoted to be a Knight Commander in the 1991 New Year Honours,[3] and to be a Knight Grand Cross in the 2001 Birthday Honours.[4] Three years later, his life peerage was announced on 1 May[5] and was raised to the peerage as Baron Kerr of Kinlochard, of Kinlochard in Perth and Kinross.[6][7] In the House of Lords he has served on the EU Select Committee and three of its Sub-Committees, and currently is a member of its Economic Select Committee.[8]

He is a Trustee of the Refugee Council, and a Trustee, and Deputy Chairman, of the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland. He was Chairman of the Court and Council of Imperial College London from 2005 to 2011; a Trustee of the National Gallery from 2002 to 2010, and the Rhodes Trust from 1997 to 2010; a Fulbright Commissioner from 2003 to 2009; a member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group from 2004 to 2016 (3); and UK President of the UK/Korea Forum for the Future from 2007 to 2013.

He is Chairman of the Centre for European Reform, a member of the Executive Committee of the Trilateral Commission, and President of St Andrew's Clinics for Children.[9]

Business career[edit]

He became a Director of Shell Transport and Trading in 2002, and chaired the group of Directors who brought about the creation in 2005 of Royal Dutch Shell plc, of which he was Deputy Chairman and Senior Independent Director until 2012.[10] He was a Director of Rio Tinto from 2003 to 2015. He has been a Director of the Scottish American Investment Trust since 2002, and of Scottish Power Ltd since 2009. He became Deputy Chairman of Scottish Power in 2012.[11]

Views on the UK leaving the EU ("Brexit")[edit]

Before the 2016 Referendum, Lord Kerr of Kinlochard had argued that leaving would mean that "our influence across the world would shrink",[12] and looking back in a lecture at the University of Bath on 26 January 2017 he remarked, "We have been strong in Brussels because we have been strong in Washington, and we have been strong in Washington because we have been strong in Brussels". He has maintained, in House of Lords speeches and in a BBC interview, that since an Article 50 notification is revocable during the two-year negotiation period, the UK could change its mind and choose to stay in the EU even after exit negotiations had begun. Speaking at an event organised by the Institute for Government, Lord Kerr said: "In my view, immigration is the thing that keeps this country running. We native Brits are so bloody stupid that we need an injection of intelligent people, young people from outside who come in and wake us up from time to time." In response to the remarks, Peter Lilley MP (a Eurosceptic Conservative) walked out of the event, and said he had considered reporting the peer to the police for hate speech and being 'racially abusive of the British people'.[13]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1942–1987: Mr John Kerr
  • 1987–1990: Mr John Kerr CMG
  • 1990–1991: His Excellency John Kerr CMG
  • 1991–1997: His Excellency Sir John Kerr KCMG
  • 1997–2001: Sir John Kerr KCMG
  • 2001–2004: Sir John Kerr GCMG
  • 2004–: The Rt Hon. The Lord Kerr of Kinlochard GCMG

Personal[edit]

In 1965 he married Elizabeth, daughter of the late W. G. Kalaugher; they have two sons and three daughters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/fellows-list
  2. ^ "(Supplement) no. 50948". The London Gazette. 12 June 1987. p. 3. 
  3. ^ "(Supplement) no. 52382". The London Gazette. 28 December 1990. p. 3. 
  4. ^ "(Supplement) no. 56237". The London Gazette. 16 June 2001. p. 3. 
  5. ^ "(Supplement) no. 57277". The London Gazette. 1 May 2004. p. 5513. 
  6. ^ "no. 57344". The London Gazette. 5 July 2004. p. 8323. 
  7. ^ "no. 25662". The Edinburgh Gazette. 6 July 2004. p. 1895. 
  8. ^ https://www.parliament.uk/biographies/lords/lord-kerr-of-kinlochard/3708
  9. ^ "The Rt Hon Lord Kerr of Kinlochard". European Leadership Network. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  10. ^ see Nicholas Beale, Constructive Engagement, ISBN 0-566-08711-1 Ch 10
  11. ^ "George Osborne and the man at the centre of everything". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "Britain risks losing its voice". Financial Times. 9 June 2016. 
  13. ^ "UK needs migration 'because native Britons are bloody stupid', says pro-EU lord". The Independent. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir David Hannay
UK Permanent Representative to the European Union
1990-1995
Succeeded by
Sir Stephen Wall
Preceded by
Sir Robin Renwick
British Ambassador to the United States
1995-1997
Succeeded by
Sir Christopher Meyer
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Coles
Permanent Secretary of the
Foreign and Commonwealth Office

1997-2002
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Jay