Lord Leopold Mountbatten

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Lord Leopold Mountbatten
Prince Leopod Mountbatten 05363v.jpg
Born21 May 1889
Windsor Castle
Died23 April 1922(1922-04-23) (aged 32)
Kensington Palace
Burial1 May 1922
Full name
Leopold Arthur Louis Mountbatten
FamilyBattenberg
Mountbatten
FatherPrince Henry of Battenberg
MotherPrincess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
Military career
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service1909–20
RankMajor
UnitIsle of Wight Rifles
King's Royal Rifle Corps
Battles/warsFirst World War

Lord Leopold Mountbatten GCVO (Leopold Arthur Louis; 21 May 1889 – 23 April 1922) was a British Army officer and a descendant of the Hessian princely Battenberg family and the British Royal Family. A grandson of Queen Victoria, he was known as Prince Leopold of Battenberg from his birth until 1917, when the British Royal Family relinquished their German titles during World War I, and the Battenberg family changed their name to Mountbatten.

Early life[edit]

Prince Leopold was born on 21 May 1889. His father was Prince Henry of Battenberg, the son of Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine and Julie Therese née Countess of Hauke. His mother was Princess Henry of Battenberg (née The Princess Beatrice), the fifth daughter and the youngest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

As he was the product of a morganatic marriage, Prince Henry of Battenberg took his style of Prince of Battenberg from his mother, Julia von Hauke, who was created Princess of Battenberg in her own right.

Winchester Cathedral, memorial to Leopold and his brother Maurice.

As such, Leopold was styled as His Serene Highness Prince Leopold of Battenberg from birth. In the United Kingdom he was styled His Highness Prince Leopold of Battenberg under a Royal Warrant passed by Queen Victoria in 1886.[1] He was baptised at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle on 29 June 1889. His godparents were Leopold II of Belgium (represented by the Prince of Wales), the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (represented by Prince Albert of Schleswig-Holstein), Prince Louis of Battenberg (represented by the Marquess of Lorne), the Marchioness of Lorne, the Duchess of Albany and Countess Gustav of Erbach-Schönberg.[2] His father died of malaria in 1896.

Leopold was a haemophiliac, a condition he inherited from his mother.[citation needed]

Military career[edit]

Leopold was commissioned a lieutenant (supernumerary) on 16 October 1909 in the 8th Battalion of the Isle of Wight Rifles, a Territorial Force unit.[3] On 19 October 1912, he received a regular army commission in The King's Royal Rifle Corps.[4] During service in the First World War, he was promoted to temporary lieutenant on 15 November 1914,[5] to lieutenant on 30 April 1915[6] and finally to captain on 14 September 1916.[7]

On 7 April 1918, he was placed on the half-pay list "on account of ill-health contracted on active service."[8] From 23 July of that year until the following 6 January, he served as an extra aide-de-camp on the staff of the War Office.[9][10] He resigned his commission on 14 April 1920; at the special request of his cousin, George V, he was granted the honorary rank of major.[11]

Relinquishment of titles[edit]

During World War I, anti-German feeling in the United Kingdom led Leopold's first cousin, George V to change the name of the Royal House from the Germanic House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the more English-sounding House of Windsor. The King also renounced all his Germanic titles for himself and all members of the British Royal Family who were British citizens.

In response to this, Leopold renounced his title, through a Royal Warrant from the King, dated 14 July 1917, of a Prince of Battenberg and the style His Highness and became Sir Leopold Mountbatten, by virtue of him being a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Under a further Royal Warrant in September 1917 he was granted the style and precedence of the younger son of a Marquess, and became Lord Leopold Mountbatten.[12]

Death[edit]

Lord Leopold died on 23 April 1922(1922-04-23) (aged 32), during a hip operation.[13] He is buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore. A memorial tablet to him and his brother Maurice is in Winchester Cathedral.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Coat of Arms of Lord Leopold Mountbatten.svg

Titles[edit]

  • 21 May 1889 – 14 July 1917: His Highness Prince Leopold of Battenberg
  • 14 July – September 1917: Sir Leopold Mountbatten
  • September 1917 – 23 April 1922: Lord Leopold Mountbatten

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 25655". The London Gazette. 14 December 1886. p. 6305.
  2. ^ Queen Victoria's Journals - Saturday 29 June 1889
  3. ^ "No. 28297". The London Gazette. 15 October 1909. p. 7567.
  4. ^ "No. 28654". The London Gazette. 18 October 1912. p. 7687.
  5. ^ "No. 29001". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 December 1914. p. 10559.
  6. ^ "No. 29257". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 August 1915. p. 7867.
  7. ^ "No. 29798". The London Gazette. 24 October 1916. p. 10287.
  8. ^ "No. 30639". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 April 1918. p. 4722.
  9. ^ "No. 30837". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 August 1918. p. 9418.
  10. ^ "No. 31268". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 April 1919. p. 4350.
  11. ^ "No. 31862". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 April 1920. p. 4415.
  12. ^ "No. 30374". The London Gazette. 9 November 1917. pp. 11592–11594.
  13. ^ Leopold Arthur Louis Mountbatten profile, rodovid.org; retrieved 5 June 2010.