|Lord Mayor of Dublin|
|Appointer||Dublin City Council|
|Term length||1 year|
|Website||Lord Mayor of Dublin|
The Lord Mayor of Dublin (Irish: Ardmhéara Bhaile Átha Cliath)[a] is the honorary title of the chairperson (Irish: Cathaoirleach [ˈkahiːɾʲlʲəx]) of Dublin City Council which is the local government body for the city of Dublin, the capital of Ireland. The incumbent, since June 2023, is councillor Daithí de Róiste. The office holder is elected annually by the members of the Council.
The office of Mayor of Dublin was created in June 1229 by Henry III. The office of Mayor was elevated to Lord Mayor in 1665 by Charles II, and as part of this process received the honorific The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon.). Lord mayors were ex-officio members of the Privy Council of Ireland, which also entitled them to be addressed as The Right Honourable. Though the Privy Council was de facto abolished in 1922, the Lord Mayor continued to be entitled to be addressed as The Right Honourable as a result of the Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act 1840, which granted the title in law. The Local Government Act 2001 finally removed the title as a consequence of the repeal of the 1840 act.
The office is largely symbolic and its responsibilities consist of chairing meetings of the city council and representing the city at public events. Apart from a few reserved functions, which are exercised by the city council as a whole, executive power is exercised by the chief executive, a council official appointed by the Public Appointments Service (formerly by the Local Appointments Commission). Except on a handful of occasions where the city government has been suspended for not striking a rate (a level of local tax), Dublin has had a mayor for nearly eight hundred years.
A privilege enjoyed by the Lord Mayor is to receive the first car registration number in Dublin for each new year. Since 2018, each new Lord Mayor is presented with an official bicycle by the Dublin Cycling Campaign. Nial Ring was the first recipient.
Chain of office
The chain is the outward sign of the office of the Lord Mayor and is worn within the city when performing official civic functions, important ceremonial occasions and also as appropriate at other times, such as opening conferences, new businesses, etc. It is also worn, at the Lord Mayor's discretion, when paying visits to such places as schools, churches and the emergency services.
The Lord Mayor of Dublin's gold chain of office was presented by King William III to the City of Dublin in 1698. The chain is composed of decorative links including the Tudor rose, a harp, a trefoil-shaped knot and the letter S (thought to stand for Seneschal or Steward). A circular gold medal with the bust of William III hangs from the chain. The previous chain was not returned by Michael Creagh, the Protestant Jacobite Lord Mayor in 1688–1689.
Dublin city seal
The city seal dates from 1229/1230 when it was used by the Dublin City Assembly to issue a deed to the Town Clerk. One side shows three watchtowers above one of the city gates being defended by archers, while the reverse side shows a merchant ship at sea.
Great Dublin civic sword
Great mace of Dublin
The Great mace dates from 1717/1718 and incorporates parts of an earlier mace made in 1665 for the first Lord Mayor of Dublin, Sir Daniel Bellingham.
The city sword and Great mace are still used at major civic events such as the Honorary Freedom of the City conferring. All of the above are on display in Dublin City Hall.
Lord Mayor's coach
The Lord Mayor's coach was built in 1789 by William Whitton, of Dominick Street, and made its first appearance on the streets of Dublin on 4 November 1791 in an annual event to mark the birthday of William III. The elaborately decorated coach far exceeded its original budget and was completed for a total cost of £2,690 13s 5d. The coach was used for ceremonial occasions up until 1932 when, due to its poor condition, it was placed in storage. Following expert restoration, the coach returned to public life in 1976 and is a feature of Dublin's annual Saint Patrick's Day parade.
- Richard Muton (1229–1230), Dublin's first Mayor
- Gilbert de Lyvet (1233–1234, 1235–1237)
- John Drake, three times Mayor between 1401 and 1412, who led the Dubliners to victory over the O'Byrne clan of County Wicklow at the Battle of Bloody Bank in 1402
- Bartholomew Ball (1553–1554), whose widow Blessed Margaret Ball was martyred by their eldest son, Walter
- Walter Ball (1580–1581), Commissioner for Ecclesiastical Causes – implemented the Reformation in Dublin
- Francis Taylor (1595–1596), who was incarcerated because of his Catholicism, and has been declared a martyr for his faith and beatified by the Catholic Church
- Sir Daniel Bellingham (1665–1666), first Lord Mayor
- Jean Desmynieres (1666–1667) and Lewis Desmynieres (1669–1670), Huguenot Lord Mayors of Dublin
- Sir Michael Creagh (1688–1689) who, although a Protestant, was a supporter of the Catholic James II
- Sir Mark Rainsford (1700–1701), the original founder of what was to become St James' Gate (Guinness) Brewery
- Daniel O'Connell (1841–1842), leader of campaigns for Catholic Emancipation and Repeal of the Acts of Union; first Catholic Lord Mayor of Dublin since 1690
- Sir John Barrington (1865–1866 and 1879–1880), the first Quaker to hold the office
- Laurence O'Neill (1917–1924), who was Lord Mayor throughout the Irish War of Independence and the Irish Civil War
- Alfie Byrne (1930–1939 and 1954–1955), the longest-serving Lord Mayor of Dublin in the office's 800-year history
- Kathleen Clarke (1939–1941), the first woman in the post
- Hazel Chu (2020–2021), the first person of Chinese ethnicity to be mayor of a European capital
- Per section 32 of the Local Government Act, 2001: "(3) Where titles are continued in accordance with subsection (1), the holders of the offices concerned shall, as appropriate, be styled— (b) in the case of Dublin City Council, in the Irish language Ard-Mhéara Chathair Bhaile Átha Cliath and Leas Ard-Mhéara Chathair Bhaile Átha Cliath, and in the English language Lord Mayor of the City of Dublin and Deputy Lord Mayor of the City of Dublin."
- "Daithí de Róiste elected new Lord Mayor of Dublin". RTÉ News. 26 June 2023. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
- "How to Reserve a Registration Number". Revenue Commissioners. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Official Bicycle for the Lord Mayor". Dublin Cycling Campaign. 28 August 2018. Archived from the original on 9 June 2020. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "City Regalia". Dublin City Council. 7 March 2018. Archived from the original on 1 June 2021. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
- "The Lord Mayor's Coach". Dublin City Council. 7 March 2018. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
- "Gilbert de Livet, Calendar of Documents Relating to Ireland, Great Britain Public Record Office, H.S. Sweetman, 1875". 1875. Archived from the original on 14 September 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- Butler, Richard (1845). "Registrum prioratus omnium sanctorum juxta Dublin, All Hallows' Priory, Richard Butler, 1845". Archived from the original on 12 September 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- Michel, Francisque (1867). "King Henry III to Gilbert Livet, Dublin, Histoire du Commerce et de la Navigation a Bordeaux, Francisque Michel, 1867". Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "O'Neill, Laurence". Dictionary of Irish Biography. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
- Walshe, Sadhbh (16 March 2016). "Eight Women of the Easter Rising". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 June 2022.
- Carney, John (5 August 2020). "Dublin's first ethnic-Chinese mayor on racism, her parents' work ethic, and teaching poor children in China". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 11 March 2021. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
- "Hazel Chu on being a woman of colour in Irish politics". RTÉ. 1 August 2020. Archived from the original on 26 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.