David Ramsbotham, Baron Ramsbotham
The Lord Ramsbotham
|Born||6 November 1934|
|Years of service||1953–1993|
Royal Green Jackets
|Commands held||3rd Armoured Division|
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath|
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Mentioned in Despatches
|Relations||John Alexander Ramsbotham (father)|
|Other work||Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons|
General David John Ramsbotham, Baron Ramsbotham GCB, CBE (born 6 November 1934) is a retired British Army officer, who later served as Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons. He was awarded a life peerage in 2005, and now sits on the cross benches of the House of Lords.
Early life and military career
Ramsbotham was born in 1934, the son of a Church of England clergyman, later Bishop of Wakefield, John Alexander Ramsbotham, son of Rev Alexander Ramsbotham. Ramsbotham was educated at Haileybury and Imperial Service College. He entered the army through National Service, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery on 14 March 1953. He completed his National Service as an acting lieutenant, and retained a Territorial Army commission. He then took a history degree at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.
On 21 February 1958 he was appointed to a regular army commission as a lieutenant, with seniority from 31 January 1957. He was promoted to Captain on 31 January 1961. He served in Borneo during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation as an acting major in the period 24 December 1965 to 23 June 1966, and was Mentioned in Despatches. He was promoted to substantive major on 31 December 1967, and to lieutenant-colonel on 30 June 1971. From 11 June 1970 to 20 June 1973 he served as Military Assistant to the Chief of the General Staff, Sir Michael Carver. This was a particularly busy time for the British Army; the Troubles in Northern Ireland were beginning, and the army's contribution, Operation Banner, was taking an increasingly large proportion of resources.
For his performance in this role, Ramsbotham was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1974 New Year Honours. He later commanded a battalion of the Royal Green Jackets in Northern Ireland from 1974 to 1975.
He was elevated to Colonel on 30 June 1976, and brigadier on 31 December 1978 (with seniority from 30 June 1978). He then served in Northern Ireland, commanding a brigade based in Belfast, and was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for his service there in the operational honours of 21 October 1980. His career was almost derailed when as the army's director of public relations (a position he held from 1982–84) he leaked documents to a journalist which showed that prior to the Falklands War the army had developed a comprehensive plan for dealing with the media, but it had been overlooked; and the army was subsequently criticised for not having done such planning. He was then promoted to major-general and commanded 3rd Armoured Division for a period prior to 13 March 1987. On 1 January 1987 he was appointed to the honorary position of Colonel Commandant, 2nd Battalion, Royal Green Jackets, in succession to Sir Frank Kitson, which he held until 25 July 1992. On 15 April 1987 he was promoted lieutenant-general and appointed Commander UK Field Army and Inspector General of the Territorial Army. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in the 1987 Queen's Birthday Honours, and a further honorary appointment as Honorary Colonel of the Officer Training Corps at the University of Cambridge on 1 July, which he held until 1 May 1993. He stepped down as Commander of the Field Army on 13 August 1990, and received a further honorary appointment as Aide de Camp General to HM the Queen (ADC Gen) on 3 December 1990, which he held until his retirement form the army. On 27 December 1990 he was appointed Adjutant-General (AG), with the local rank of general, and he received substantive promotion to that rank on 24 January 1990 (with seniority from 1 September 1990). This period included the United Kingdom's involvement in the Gulf War He was promoted to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) in the 1993 New Year Honours He stepped down as AG on 17 May 1993, and retired from the army on 13 July 1993.
Chief Inspector of Prisons
Ramsbotham was Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons for England and Wales from 1 December 1995 to 2001 when he was succeeded by Anne Owers CBE. As Chief Inspector of Prisons, he had an at times strained relationship with Home Secretaries Michael Howard and Jack Straw, and this contributed to his contract not being continued for the full eight years that had originally been possible (an initial period of five years, with extension for a further three years possible).
On 22 March 2005, it was announced that Ramsbotham was to be elevated to a life peerage. The title was gazetted as Baron Ramsbotham, of Kensington in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea on 17 May. He sits in the House of Lords as a crossbench peer. He is Chairman of the Koestler Awards scheme, and Vice-Chair of both the All Party Penal Affairs Group and the All Party Parliamentary Group for Learning & Skills in the Criminal Justice System. He is President of UNLOCK, The National Association of Ex-Offenders and an Ambassador for the charity, the Prison Advice and Care Trust (pact). He is a trustee and vice-Chairman of the Institute for Food, Brain and Behaviour
He was elected an honorary Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge in 2001, and serves on the advisory board of the International Centre for Prison Studies at King's College London. He is also a Patron of Prisoners Abroad, a charity that supports the welfare of Britons imprisoned overseas and their families, Prisoners Education Trust, a charity that supports serving prisoners through a range of academic, creative and vocational distance learning courses whilst inside and Prisoners' Advice Service, a charity which offers free legal advice and support to adult prisoners throughout England and Wales regarding their human and legal rights, conditions of imprisonment and the application of Prison Law and the Prison Rules. He is also a Patron of the African Prisons Project, an international non-governmental organisation with a mission to bring dignity and hope to men women and children in African prisons through health, education, justice and reintegration. He is President of the charity PTSD Resolution, Charity number 1133188, providing treatment to Veterans with post traumatic stress through its UK-wide network of 200 therapists.
He has written extensively on matters relating to prisons and the military, in particular his 2003 book Prisongate: The Shocking State of Britain's Prisons and the Need for Visionary Change sets out his vision for reform of the prison system.
Styles of address
- 1934–1953: Mr David Ramsbotham
- 1953–1957: Second Lieutenant David Ramsbotham
- 1957–1961: Lieutenant David Ramsbotham
- 1961–1967: Captain David Ramsbotham
- 1967–1971: Major David Ramsbotham
- 1971–1974: Lieutenant-Colonel David Ramsbotham
- 1974–1976: Lieutenant-Colonel David Ramsbotham OBE
- 1976–1978: Colonel David Ramsbotham OBE
- 1978–1980: Brigadier David Ramsbotham OBE
- 1984–1987: Major General David Ramsbotham CBE
- 1987–1987 Lieutenant-General David Ramsbotham CBE
- 1987–1990: Lieutenant-General Sir David Ramsbotham KCB CBE
- 1990–1993: General Sir David Ramsbotham KCB CBE
- 1993–2005: General Sir David Ramsbotham GCB CBE
- 2005–: General The Rt Hon. The Lord Ramsbotham GCB CBE
- "Birthdays". The Guardian. 6 November 2007. Archived from the original on 6 November 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- "No. 39828". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 April 1953. p. 2190.
- "No. 40484". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 May 1955. p. 2992.
- "David Ramsbotham—Profile". The Guardian. London. 3 June 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- "No. 41378". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 May 1958. p. 2821.
- "No. 42265". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 January 1961. p. 768.
- "No. 44196". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 December 1966. pp. 13458–13461.
- "No. 44493". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1967. pp. 75–76.
- "No. 45417". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 July 1971. p. 7204.
- "No. 46162". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 December 1973. pp. 5–6.
- "Recommendations for Honours and Awards (Army)—Image details—Ramsbotham, David John" (Fee may be required to view full original recommendation). Doucments Online. The National Archives.
- "No. 46953". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 July 1976. p. 9284.
- "No. 47745". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 January 1979. p. 651.
- "No. 48346". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 October 1980. p. 14607.
- "Leakers I have known". The Spectator. 12 September 1998. Archived from the original on 12 September 1998. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- "No. 50868". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 March 1987. p. 3931.
- "No. 50799". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 January 1987. p. 452.
- "No. 53001". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 July 1992. p. 12678.
- "No. 50897". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 April 1987. p. 5233.
- "No. 50948". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 1987. p. 2.
- "No. 50986". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 July 1987. p. 8660.
- "No. 53299". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 May 1993. p. 8203.
- "No. 52242". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 August 1990. p. 13262.
- "No. 52353". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 December 1990. p. 18702.
- "No. 52427". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 January 1991. p. 1044.
- "No. 52471". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 March 1991. p. 3906.
- "No. 53153". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1992. p. 2.
- "No. 53312". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 May 1993. p. 9062.
- "No. 53369". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 July 1993. p. 11759.
- "No. 53312". The London Gazette. 2 January 1996. p. 71.
- "No. 54270". The London Gazette. 8 January 1996. p. 319.
- Philip Johnston and Rachel Sylvester (17 December 2001). "Prisons chief 'forced to quit'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- Mary Riddell (1 November 1999). "The New Statesman Interview – David Ramsbotham". New Statesman. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- Simon Hattenstone (2 February 2001). "Interview with the chief inspector of prisons—Sir David Ramsbotham, chief inspector of prisons, says 20,000 of our prisoners simply shouldn't be in jail. Now he feels he is being forced out of his job. Simon Hattenstone finds out why". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- "Breakfast with Frost—Peter Sissons interviews Sir David Ramsbotham—transcript". Breakfast with Frost. BBC. 1 July 2001. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- "No. 57593". The London Gazette. 22 March 2005. p. 3537.
- "No. 57646". The London Gazette. 23 May 2005. p. 6695.
- "David Ramsbotham becomes pact's first ambassador". 20 April 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- Charity Commission. INSTITUTE FOR FOOD, BRAIN AND BEHAVIOUR, registered charity no. 517817.
- IFBB: Lord Ramsbotham
- "International Centre for Prison Studies—Organisation—Advisory board". King's College London. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- Sir David Ramsbotham (2003). Prisongate: The Shocking State of Britain's Prisons and the Need for Visionary Change. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-5952-1. OCLC 60578838.
| General Officer Commanding the 3rd Armoured Division
Sir John Akehurst
| Commander UK Field Army
Sir Michael Wilkes
Sir Robert Pascoe
| Adjutant General
Sir Michael Wilkes
| Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons