George Weidenfeld, Baron Weidenfeld
|The Lord Weidenfeld
|Born||Arthur George Weidenfeld
13 September 1919
|Died||20 January 2016
(m. 1952; div. 1955)
(m. 1956; div. 1961)
Sandra Payson Meyer
(m. 1966; div. 1976)
(m. 1992; his death 2016)
|Parent(s)||Max and Rosa Weidenfeld|
George Weidenfeld, Baron Weidenfeld, GBE (13 September 1919 – 20 January 2016) was a British publisher, philanthropist, and newspaper columnist. He was also a lifelong Zionist and renowned as a master networker. He was on good terms with popes, prime ministers and presidents and put his connections to good use for diplomatic and philanthropic ends.
George Weidenfeld was born in Vienna, Austria in 1919, He was the only son of Max and Rosa Weidenfeld. Weidenfeld attended the University of Vienna and the city's Diplomatic College. Following the Anschluss (Germany's annexation of Austria) in 1938, he emigrated to London and began work with the monitoring service of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
By 1942 he was a political commentator for the BBC and also wrote a weekly newspaper column, coming into contact with General de Gaulle and Tito as a result. Not long afterwards, from 1949, he was away for a year as the political adviser and Chief of Cabinet to Chaim Weizmann, the first President of Israel.
In 1948, Weidenfeld co-founded the publishing firm Weidenfeld & Nicolson with Nigel Nicolson. Intending to start an upmarket political magazine, a mix of the New Statesman, Fortune and The New Yorker, they found that the post-war paper shortage made a book publishing concern more feasible, and the new firm was partly intended as a cover for the impractical magazine. Over the years, the firm published many outstanding titles, including the British edition of Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita in 1959 and Nicolson's biography of his parents, Portrait of a Marriage (1973).
In 1985, Weidenfeld's publishing interests expanded to the United States, when he acquired the Grove Press in partnership with Ann Getty (wife of Gordon Getty). Grove later merged with the New York division of Weidenfeld & Nicolson to form Grove Nicolson. In 1991 Weidenfeld & Nicolson's UK branch was sold to the Orion Publishing Group and became Orion's main non-fiction imprint, with Weidenfeld as non-executive chairman.
In 1993, the American company, Grove Nicolson, merged with the Atlantic Monthly Press to form Grove/Atlantic Inc. In 2005 he arranged the publication of Memory and Identity by John Paul II. Weidenfeld was also Joint Chairman of the Advisory Board of the Blavatnik School of Government in Oxford; Adviser to the Board of Axel Springer AG Berlin and a columnist for the Berlin newspapers Die Welt, Welt am Sonntag and Bild Zeitung. In January 2006 the Institute for Strategic Dialogue, founded as The Club of Three in the 1990s, was established with Weidenfeld as its Leadership Programme in Oxford and, in 2010, founded the Humanitas Programme of Visiting Chairs at Oxford and Cambridge.
Jewish and Zionist causes
Weidenfeld served in many philanthropic capacities including Chairman of the Ben Gurion University of the Negev (1996–2004), Governor of the Weizmann Institute, Vice-Chairman of the EU-Israel Forum, member of the Founding Council of the Rothermere American Institute at the University of Oxford, Trustee, Royal Opera House (1974–87) and Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery (1988–95). He also established the "Weidenfeld Safe Havens Fund", which intends to support Christians fleeing the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, although its focus on Christians has caused some criticism.
Awards and honours
Weidenfeld became a British citizen in 1947, was knighted in 1969, and created a life peer on 25 June 1976 taking the title Baron Weidenfeld, of Chelsea in the County of Greater London. He was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) in the 2011 New Year Honours for public service.
Further honours included Honorary Fellow of St Peter's College, Oxford, Honorary Fellow of St Anne's College, Oxford, Hon. Fellow, King's College London, and Honorary D.Litt. from the University of Exeter. He was made an Honorary Senator of Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Bonn, in 1996 and awarded the Degree of Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, by Oxford University in 2010. He held the German Knights Commanders Cross (Badge & Star) of the Order of Merit (1991), the Austrian Cross of Honour First Class for Arts and Science (2002), the Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the County of Vienna (2003), the Italian Grand Officer of the Order of Merit (2005) and the Order of Merit of the Land Baden-Württemberg (2008). The Polish Foreign Minister awarded him with the Bene Merito distinction in 2011. He received the London Book Fair/Trilogy Lifetime Achievement Award for International Publishing in 2007 and the Teddy Kollek Life Achievement Award in Jerusalem in 2009.
Weidenfeld married Jane Sieff in 1952, daughter of Israel Sieff, Baron Sieff who was a part of the family that controlled Marks and Spencer. Before their divorce in 1955, they had one daughter:
- Laura Weidenfeld (b. 1953)
After their divorce, he married Barbara Skelton (1916–1996), the English memoirist, novelist and socialite, in 1956, who had previously been married to Cyril Connolly. After their divorce, she married Derek Jackson, a physicist, in 1966. She also purportedly had many affairs with, among others, King Farouk of Egypt, Peter Quennell, Feliks Topolski, Charles Addams, Bernard Frank, John Sutro, and Alan Ross.
His third marriage was to Sandra Payson Meyer (1926–2004) in 1966. She was the daughter of Americans Charles Shipman Payson and Joan Whitney, of the Whitney family. They divorced 10 years later in 1976.
- Remembering My Good Friends: An Autobiography. New York City: HarperCollins. 1995. ISBN 0-06-017286-X.
- "George Weidenfeld, British Publisher of 'Lolita' and London Fixture, Dies at 96". The New York Times. 21 January 2016.
- Gross, Tom (20 January 2016). "A marvellous conversationalist who befriended them all". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- Oliver Marre, "A man whose life has been an open book", The Observer, 28 June 2009.
- Pollard, Stephen (23 July 2015). "Lord Weidenfeld: It's far easier being 95". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- Europaeum. "Weidenfeld Institute for Strategic Dialogue". Archived from the original on 4 October 2008.
- Danny Fortson (7 September 2007). "Bonfire of the vanities". The Independent.
…the Club of Three, which despite the forboding [sic] name is a non-profit outfit dedicated to promoting "broader understanding of political, social and economic developments within and between the three countries." It does so by convening meetings in different European capitals of businessmen, academics and journalists from the UK, France and Germany.[permanent dead link]
- "British Jew who fled Nazis funds rescue of Christians fleeing ISIS" in Haaretz, 16 July 2015.
- Danny Wiser, "Jewish peer who fled Nazis funds operation to rescue Syrian and Iraqi Christians", Catholic Herald, 15 July 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 18 July 1947.
- The London Gazette: . 9 December 1969.
- The London Gazette: . 29 June 1976.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2010.
- Oliver Marre. "Oliver Marre talks to George Weidenfeld, a man whose life has been an open book". the Guardian.
- Pick, Hella (20 January 2016). "Lord Weidenfeld obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- "British Publisher And Mrs. Meyer Will Be Married; George Weidenfeld to Wed Niece of John Hay Whitney". The New York Times. 14 July 1966. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- url=http://forward.com/news/obituaries/330859/george-weidenfeld-inspirational-holocaust-survivor-who-funded-rescue-of-chr/ date=20January 2016
- "Barbara Skelton, Writer, 79". The New York Times. 1 February 1996. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- "Mrs. Meyer Is Wed To London Publisher". The New York Times. 30 July 1966. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- Saxon, Wolfgang (25 July 2004). "Sandra Payson, 78, Influential Arts Patron". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- "George Weidenfeld".
- Nemy, Enid (21 December 1976). "There Was Hardly Room to Admire Stars". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- Harvey Sachs "Rubinstein a Life" p. 84.
- Elizabeth Grice (24 February 2005). "In each of us, there's an element of snobbery". The Daily Telegraph.
- "Obituary: George, Baron Weidenfeld, publisher and philanthropist". The Economist. 27 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- Schudel, Matt (20 January 2016). "George Weidenfeld, British publisher of 'Lolita,' politcos & a pope, dies at 96". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- Alan Cowell, "George Weidenfeld, British Publisher of ‘Lolita’ and London Fixture, Dies at 96", The New York Times, 20 January 2016.
- "George Weidenfeld: The Dueling Cavalier Who Fought for Good and Compassion". Haaretz.com.
- "The New Statesman Profile – George Weidenfeld." at the Wayback Machine (archived 17 February 2012) Quentin Letts, New Statesman, 1 January 1999.
- George Weidenfeld on arte.tv
- Weidenfeld made an extended appearance on the television programme After Dark, alongside Edward Heath and Adnan Khashoggi among others. This is available for online download at BFI InView Details here.
- Institute for Strategic Dialogue – Lord Weidenfeld's Biography
- The IJP George Weidenfeld Bursary for British and German journalists