Lorenzo Arrazola y García

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Most Excellent
Lorenzo Arrazola
KOGF, OCIII
Retrato de Lorenzo Arrazola.jpg
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
17 January 1864 – 1 March 1864
Monarch Isabella II
Preceded by The Marquis of Miraflores
Succeeded by Alejandro Mon y Menéndez
Personal details
Born (1797-08-10)August 10, 1797
Checa, Guadalajara, Spain
Died February 23, 1873(1873-02-23) (aged 75)
Madrid, Spain
Political party Moderate Party
Spouse(s) Ana Micaela Guerrero
Alma mater University of Valladolid

D. Lorenzo Arrazola y García (Checa, Guadalajara, Spain, 10 August 1797 – Madrid, Spain, 23 February 1873) was a Spanish lawyer, politician and statesman best known for being Prime Minister of Spain , a six term Minister of Justice and two-time President of the Supreme Court.

Early Life[edit]

García was born in Checa, a small town in Guadalajara. He was able to attend a seminary with the help of his mother's brother, mayor of a village in Benavente. There, he completed his early education, eventually graduating with a degree in theology and philosophy, during which time he became fluent in Latin. At 26, García left the seminary in order to join the military, against his uncle's wishes. He later went to Valladolid to study civil jurisprudence, becoming chair of the philosophy department and, later, rector of the university. García then went to Complutense University, where he spent a decade as a part of the faculty.

In 1829, he married Ana Micaela Guerrera. She was a native of Villanueva de Campa, where García had helped to repair the church after it set fire in 1850.

He began his political career in 1835, at age 38, seeking to be elected attorney. In 1837 was designated deputy of the courts in Valladolid, leaving behind law and teaching. His ideological principles settled as he joined the Moderate Party and the Ateneo de Madrid.

Career[edit]

In 1837 Arrazola entered his first election, becoming a member of Spain's Congress of Deputies, a seat he held until February 1841. In December 1838 he started his first of six terms as Minister of Grace and Justice.

In thanks for creating a new Criminal Code, Queen Isabella II made Arrazola a senator-for-life on December 23th, 1848.

He was confirmed as President of the Supreme Court in 1851, a position he held until 1853 and again between 1856 and 1864. Between these dates he functioned as Prosecutor-General.

Between 1864 and 1867 he is both Minister of Justice and Minister of Interior at interim.

Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquis of Miraflores
Prime Minister of Spain
17 January 1864 – 1 March 1864
Succeeded by
Alejandro Mon
Minister of State
17 January 1864 – 1 March 1864
Succeeded by
Joaquín Francisco Pacheco
Preceded by
Antonio de Benavides
Minister of State
Acting
8 June 1865 – 21 June 1865
Succeeded by
Manuel Bermúdez de Castro
Preceded by
Manuel Bermúdez de Castro
Minister of State
Acting
10 July 1866 – 13 July 1866
Succeeded by
Eusebio de Calonge
Preceded by
Alejandro de Castro
Minister of State
27 June 1867 – 23 April 1868
Succeeded by
The Marquis of Roncali