Lorenzo Costa

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Holy Family by Lorenzo Costa, at the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon.

Lorenzo Costa (1460March 5 1535) was an Italian painter of the Renaissance. He was born at Ferrara, but moved to Bologna by the his early twenties, and would be more influential to the Bolognese school of painting. However, many artists worked in both nearby cities, and thus others consider him a product of the School of Ferrara. There are claims that he trained with Cosimo Tura.

In 1483 he painted his famous Madonna and Child with the Bentivoglio family, and other frescoes, on the walls of the Bentivoglio chapel in San Giacomo Maggiore, and he followed this with many other works. He was a great friend of Francesco Francia, who was much influenced by him. In 1509 he went to Mantua, where his patron was the Marquis Francesco Gonzaga, and he eventually died there. His Madonna and Child enthroned is in the National Gallery, London, but his chief works are at Bologna. His sons, Ippolito (1506-1561) and Girolamo, were also painters, and so was Girolamo's son, Lorenzo the younger (1537-1583). Many contemporaries who worked with or below him include Cosimo Tura, Dosso Dossi, Ludovico Mazzolino and the painter, Niccolò Pisano (1470 – 1538).


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