|Senator of the Philippines|
December 30, 1947 – December 30, 1971
|Minority leader of the Senate of the Philippines|
|Preceded by||Carlos P. Garcia|
|Succeeded by||Ambrosio Padilla|
|Solicitor General of the Philippines|
|Preceded by||Sixto dela Costa|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Lim|
August 10, 1898|
Gumaca, Tayabas, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||May 28, 1992(aged 93)|
|Political party||Nationalist Citizens' Party(formerly Citizen's Party)|
Citizen's Party (1953-1957)
LABAN (1978-1986),(Campaign Manager)
Lorenzo Martinez Tañada, PLH (August 10, 1898 – May 28, 1992) was a Filipino politician. Elected to the first Philippine Senate in 1947, he was the longest-serving senator in Philippine history. He served as a Philippine senator for 24 years.
Tañada was born in Gumaca, Quezon on August 10, 1898. The son of Capitan Vicente Tañada, who served as the last Gobernadorcillo of Gumaca town in Quezon under the Spanish colonial government and Anastacia Martinez Tañada. His actions in life were governed by the philosophy ingrained in him by his mother. The phrase “fear of God is the start of wisdom” guided him in all his social dealings. As an elementary student in De La Salle, Manila, a school run by the Christian Brothers, Tañada joined a protest against his school’s American principal. The protest was prompted by the principal’s order for school children to stay during weekends to build a playground which prevented them from going home to their parents. As a law student at the University of the Philippines (U.P.), Tañada, completed his Reserved Officers Training Corps (ROTC) prior to the academic Philippine educational system and obtained the rank of major, a lead actor in plays, and a national football team goalkeeper. It was during his years as a college student, during U.P.’s Armistice Day, when he exhorted “his fellow cadets to take their training seriously as they will soon be called upon to use their skill against the Americans if the country’s independence is not granted”. In 1924 he topped the government's examination for pensionados. In 1928, he obtained his Masters in Law from the Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He also acquired a Doctor in Civil Law meritissimus from the University of Santo Tomas.
In 1947, together with prominent justices and lawyers, they founded the MLQ Law School and later on, in 1958 was elevated as the Manuel L. Quezon University upon signing of charter granted by the Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture. The Monzon Hall is currently situated in R. Hidalgo Street while the Law Building is at Arlegui Street.
Tañada is described to be a “person who metamorphosed from a graftbuster to a nationalist and... a crusader of various causes.” Apart from being characterized as an esteemed nationalist, Tañada was also regarded as the leader of the “parliament of the streets”. He had an infallible stance against graft and corruption, inequality, and tyranny. He was also the chief prosecutor against Japanese collaborators. Because of his political reputation, Tañada became a Filipino praised by all sectors of Philippine society, a person honored by both the Communist Party of the Philippines and the Reform the Armed Forces Movement, and a man who was acknowledged as a man of principles even by Benigno Aquino, Sr., who Tañada himself once charged as a “collaborator”. He was one of the petitioners in the landmark Supreme Court case Tañada vs. Tuvera, which declared that unpublished laws (a characteristic of the Presidential Decrees of Marcos) are without effect.
Tañada was also a longtime opponent of the U.S. role in the Philippines. He was the organizer of the Anti-Bases Coalition and other groups that rallied public opposition to the presence of American troops in Philippines. Lorenzo Tañada is often called the “grand old man of Philippine politics”, due to his reputation as one of the Philippine’s foremost nationalists. He was a familiar fixture during the Martial law era of Ferdinand Marcos, leading rallies and demonstrations being the founding chairperson of Bagong Alyansang Makabayan. During Corazon Aquino’s presidency, he was a staunch anti-U.S. Bases activist and an anti-nuclear power plant advocate.
On September 16, 1991, Tañada received a standing ovation from the Philippine Senate after its rejection of a new lease for the Subic Bay naval base, which was the last American military installation in the Philippines.
Tañada died in 1992, on the way to a hospital, at the age of 93. Days before his death, Tañada had already been undergoing kidney dialysis. He was survived by his wife, Expedita Tañada, and nine children, including Philippine Senator Wigberto Tañada.
- Lorenzo Tañada III
- Wigberto Tañada
- Gumaca, Quezon
- Nationalist Citizens' Party
- Liberal Party of the Philippines
- Lorenzo Tanada, Philippine Politician, 93, Archives, The New York Times and NYTimes.com, May 29, 1992, retrieved on: July 9, 2007
- Acosta, Abraham Rey Montecillo. “Super Lolo”, A Review of The Odyssey of Lorenzo M. Tañada by Agnes G. Bailen, UP Press, 1998 (note: Agnes Bailen was a former UP Department of Political Science senior lecturer); “Book Reviews”, the Philippine Collegian, November 23, 1998; and LibraryLink.org, 2004, retrieved on: July 9, 2007