In 1982, while a staff writer at The Washington Post, she wrote a series of articles about a pattern of widespread gang rape inside a Prince George's County Maryland jail for which she won a 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting. The series was notable for its documentation: Tofani obtained the victims' medical records and interviewed the victims as well as the rapists. The victims were innocent, charged with drunk driving and shop lifting, in jail because they did not have enough money for bond. The jail placed them in the same cellblocks with convicted murderers and armed robbers, who raped them. The jail changed its policies as a result of her story.
After nine years at The Washington Post, Tofani in 1987 became a reporter for The Philadelphia Inquirer, serving as the paper's Beijing Bureau Chief from 1992 through 1996. She wrote for the Inquirer for 14 years. She won other national awards at The Philadelphia Inquirer, and was a finalist for another Pulitzer Prize. She and her family moved to Utah in 2001. She currently lives in Boise, Idaho.
As a free-lancer in 2007, Tofani reported and wrote the newspaper series, "American Imports, Chinese Deaths." The six stories showed that millions of Chinese factory workers were getting fatal diseases and limb amputations while making thousands of products for the U.S. Chinese workers have been paying the real price of America's cheap goods.
The series was published in The Salt Lake Tribune (http://extras.sltrib.com/china/). Tofani reported the series by making five trips to China with small travel grants provided by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting and the Center for Investigative Reporting's Dick Goldensohn Fund.
- Pulitzer Prize, 1983, local investigative reporting.
- Investigative Reporters and Editors award, 1983 and 2008.
- Society of Professional Journalists' award for investigative reporting, 1983 and 2008.
- Michael Kelly Award from the Atlantic Media Company, 2008.
- Special citation from the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, 2008.
- Daniel Pearl Award for Outstanding International Investigative Reporting, 2008.
- Brennan, Clarage, Elizabeth A. Elizabeth C. (1999). Who's who of Pulitzer Prize Winners (Elizabeth A. Brennan, Elizabeth C. Clarage ed.). Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 666 pages. ISBN 9781573561112.
- Schroth, Raymond A. (2002). Fordham: A History and Memoir History. Religious Studies (Illustrated ed.). Loyola Press. pp. 424 pages. ISBN 9780829416763.
- The Pulitzer Prize Archive: A History and Anthology of Award Winning Materials in Journalism, Letters and Arts, Volume 6 (Heinz-Dietrich Fischer ed.). Walter de Gruyter. pp. 420 pages. ISBN 9783598301704.
- Loretta, Tofani (Oct 21, 2007). "American imports, Chinese deaths: The human cost of doing business". The Salt Lake Tribune.
- "Loretta tofani". The Michael Kelly Award.