Lori Gruen

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Lori Gruen
EducationB.A., philosophy, University of Colorado, 1983
Ph.D., philosophy, University of Colorado, 1994[1]
OccupationWilliam Griffin Professor of Philosophy, Wesleyan University
Known forFeminist philosophy, animal ethics, political philosophy
Notable ideasEntangled empathy[citation needed][2]
WebsiteFaculty page, Wesleyan University

Lori Gruen is the William Griffin Professor of Philosophy, and Professor of Feminist, Gender and Sexuality Studies and Science in Society, at Wesleyan University.[3]

Specializing in animal ethics, Gruen is the author of several books, including Ethics and Animals: An Introduction (2011) and Entangled Empathy: An Alternative Ethic for Our Relationships with Animals (2015). She is the creator of first100chimps.wesleyan.edu, a memorial for the first 100 chimpanzees used in research in the United States.[4]


After obtaining a B.A. in philosophy from the University of Colorado in 1983, Gruen spent a year as a graduate student at the University of Arizona,[1] then worked for the animal liberation movement.[5] In 1987 she published her first book, Animal Liberation: A Graphic Guide, written with Peter Singer and illustrated by David Hine, then returned to the University of Colorado in 1989, where she completed her PhD in 1994.[1]

Her teaching posts have included the University of British Columbia (1991–1992); Lafayette College (1994–1997); the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1997); and Stanford University (1994–1999).[1] After joining Wesleyan University in 2000 as an assistant professor, she became chair of the philosophy department in 2010, professor in the feminist, gender and sexuality studies program in 2011, and the William Griffin Professor of Philosophy in 2015.[1][6] She also co-coordinates Wesleyan animal studies, a summer fellowship program.[7]


Gruen served as the co-editor of Hypatia, the feminist philosophy journal, from 2008 to 2010, and as a member of its board of associate editors from 2010 to 2015. She edited two special editions of the journal: 25th Anniversary: Feminist Legacies/Feminist Futures (2010) and, with Kari Weil, Animal Others (2012).[8][9]

In April 2017 Gruen became involved in the Hypatia transracialism controversy. The journal had published a peer-reviewed article by Rebecca Tuvel, assistant professor of philosophy at Rhodes College, in which Tuvel argued that factors that support changing gender roles also support transracialism.[10] The article and its author were criticized on Facebook and Twitter, with critics charging that the article failed to engage sufficiently with scholars belonging to the communities it discussed, and an open letter circulated, asking the journal to retract the article.[11][12] According to Jesse Singal of New York magazine, Gruen was one of the letter's top signatories.[a] Gruen had also been a member of Tuvel's dissertion committee in 2014.[14] There was widespread support for Tuvel from the academic community,[15][11][16][17] and Hypatia's editor-in-chief stood by the article.[18] Singal called the affair a "massive internet witch-hunt".[13]

Selected works[edit]


  • (1987) with Peter Singer and David Hine. Animal liberation: A graphic guide. London: Camden Press.
  • (1994) with Dale Jamieson. Reflecting on nature: Readings in environmental ethics and philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press. (2012) with Dale Jamieson and Christopher Schlottmann.
  • (1997) with George E. Panichas. Sex, morality and the law. New York: Routledge.
  • (2011) Ethics and Animals: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • (2014) (ed.) The Ethics of Captivity. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • (2015) Entangled Empathy: An Alternative Ethic for Our Relationships with Animals. Brooklyn: Lantern Books.
  • (2018) Critical Terms for Animal Studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Book chapters[edit]

  • (1990) Bekoff, M.; Jamieson, D. (eds.), "Gendered knowledge? Examining influences on scientific and ethological inquiries", Interpretation and explanation in the study of animal behavior, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, pp. 56–73.
  • (1991) Singer, Peter (ed.), "Animals", A companion to ethics, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, pp. 343–353
  • (1992) Bekoff, M. (ed.), "Animals in science: some areas revisited", Animal behaviour, pp. 473–484.
  • (1993) Winkler, E.; Coombs, J., eds. (1993), "Re-valuing nature", An applied ethics reader, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, pp. 293–312.
  • (1993) Gruen, Lori (1993), "Dismantling oppression: an analysis of the connection between women and animals", in Gaard, Greta, Ecofeminism: women, animals, nature, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 60–90.
  • (1994) Warren, K. (ed.), "Toward an ecofeminist moral epistemology", Ecological feminism, New York: Routledge, pp. 120–138.
  • (1997) with Chris Cuomo. Bar, A.; Ferguson, A. (eds.), "Animals, intimacy, and moral distance", Daring to be good, New York: Routledge, pp. 129–142.
  • (2002) Allen, C.; Bekoff, M.; Burghardt, G. (eds.), "The morals of animal minds", The cognitive animal, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, pp. 437–442.
  • (2003) Gruen, Lori, "The Moral Status of Animals", Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • (2004) Sapontzis, S. (ed.), "Empathy and vegetarian commitments", Food for thought: the debate over eating meat, New York: Prometheus Press, pp. 284–294.
  • (2005) Gruen, Lori (2005), "Pornography and censorship", in Frey, R. G.; Heath Wellman, Christopher, A companion to applied ethics, Blackwell Companions to Philosophy, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 154–166, doi:10.1002/9780470996621.ch12, ISBN 9781405133456
  • (2009) Ferguson, A.; Nagel, M. (eds.), "The faces of animal oppression", Dancing with Iris: Between phenomenology and the body politic in the political philosophy of Iris Marion Young, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 225–237.
  • (2012) Zucker, G. (ed.), "Navigating difference (again): animal ethics and entangled empathy", Strangers to nature: animal lives and human ethics, New York: Lexington Books.
  • (2012) with Clement Loo. di Paola, M.; Pelligrino, G. (eds.), "Climate change and food justice", Ethics and politics of climate change, Routledge.
  • (2017) di Paola, M.; Pelligrino, G. (eds.), "Remembering The Z-Man: Tom Zenk and The Politics of Tom Zenk", Remembering The Z-Man: Tom Zenk and The Politics of Tom Zenk, Routledge.


  1. ^ Jesse Singal (New York magazine, 2 May 2017): "That letter has racked up hundreds of signatories within the academic community — the top names listed are Elise Springer of Wesleyan University, Alexis Shotwell of Carleton University (who is listed as the point of contact), Dilek Huseyinzadegan of Emory University, Lori Gruen of Wesleyan, and Shannon Winnubst of Ohio State University."[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Lori Gruen", Wesleyan University.
  2. ^ Glass, E. "Introducing Lori Gruen". CUNY The Committee for Interdisciplinary Science Studies. CUNY Graduate Center. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  3. ^ "Lori Gruen, PhD", Wesleyan University.
  4. ^ James Gorman; et al. (14 November 2011). "Chimpanzee Stories". The New York Times.
  5. ^ Lori Gruen (2015). Entangled Empathy: An Alternative Ethic for Our Relationships with Animals. Brooklyn: Lantern Books, 1.
  6. ^ "Lori Gruen PhD". lorigruen.com.
  7. ^ James Gorman (January 2, 2012). "Animal Studies Cross Campus to Lecture Hall". The New York Times.
  8. ^ "Hypatia Honor Roll", Hypatia.
  9. ^ Laura Wright (2015). The Vegan Studies Project. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 15.
  10. ^ Rebecca Tuvel (2017). "In Defense of Transracialism". Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy. 32 (2): 263–278. doi:10.1111/hypa.12327.
  11. ^ a b Kelly Oliver (7 May 2017). "If this is feminism", The Philosophical Salon (Los Angeles Review of Books).
  12. ^ Jennifer Schuessler (19 May 2017). "A Defense of ‘Transracial’ Identity Roils Philosophy World", The New York Times.
  13. ^ a b Jesse Singal (2 May 2017). "This Is What a Modern-Day Witch Hunt Looks Like", New York magazine.
  14. ^ "Title page for ETD etd-07102014-161455", Vanderbilt University; Rebecca Tuvel (August 2014). Epistemic Injustice Expanded: A Feminist, Animal Studies Approach, Vanderbilt University.
  15. ^ Suzanna Danuta Walters (5 May 2017). "Academe's Poisonous Call-Out Culture", The Chronicle of Higher Education.
  16. ^ José Luis Bermúdez (5 May 2017). "Defining 'Harm' in the Tuvel Affair", Inside Higher Ed.
  17. ^ Rogers Brubaker (18 May 2017). "The Uproar Over ‘Transracialism’", The New York Times.
  18. ^ Lindsay McKenzie, Adam Harris, and Fernanda Zamudio-Suaréz (6 May 2017). "A Journal Article Provoked a Schism in Philosophy. Now the Rifts Are Deepening.", The Chronicle of Higher Education.

Further reading[edit]