|Pronunciation||Persian pronunciation: [loriː]|
|Native to||Iran; a few villages in eastern Iraq|
|5 million (2012)|
lrc – Northern Lurish
lki – Laki
bqi – Bakhtiari Lurish
luz – Southern Lurish
Luri languages. (Note: Iraqi distribution corresponds to that of Southern Kurdish.)
Luri or Lurish is a Western Iranian dialect continuum spoken by the Lurs in Western Asia. Lurish language forms four dialect groups known as Northern Lurish (Minjai), Laki, Bakhtiari Bakhtiari and Southern Lurish. These language is spoken mainly by the Laks, Bakhtairies, Feylis and Southern Lurs (Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Mamasani, Sepidan, Bandar Ganaveh, Deylam).
Lur peoples of Iran are mainly in provinces of Lorestan, Ilam Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Fars province (especially Mamasani and Rostam), Khuzestan, Esfahan province and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad. A large crowd of Lurs is located in Eastern parts of Iraq. In Iraq, as Feyli Lurs and sometimes Feyli Kurds they are mainly located in Diyala province (Khanaqin, Mendeli and Muqdadiyah cities) and Baghdad.
According to the Encyclopædia Iranica, "All Lori dialects closely resemble standard Persian and probably developed from a stage of Persian similar to that represented in Early New Persian texts written in Perso-Arabic script. The sole typical Lori feature not known in early New Persian or derivable from it is the inchoative marker (see below), though even this is found in Judeo-Persian texts". The Bakhtiāri dialect may be transitional between Kurdish and Persian. However, there was never a common ancestor to Luri. There are two distinct languages, Greater Lors (Lor-e bozorg), a.k.a. Southern Luri (including Bakhtiari dialect), and Lesser Lors (Lor-e kuček), a.k.a. Northern Luri.
- Northern Luri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Historical Dictionary of Iraq
- "LORI LANGUAGE ii. Sociolinguistic Status – Encyclopædia Iranica".
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Luric". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Yar-Shater, Ehsan. ۱۹۸۲. Encyclopaedia Iranica. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. V, p. ۶۱۷
- John Limbert، The Origin and Appearance of The Kurds In Pre-Islamic Iran. Iranian Studies. http://www.jstor.org/pss/4309997
- امان الهی بهاروند. اسکندر: قوم لر، انتشارات آگاه، تهران، ۱۳۷۴
- "Feili Kurds in Iran seek way out of identity impasse". 28 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2015
- ar-Shater, Ehsan. 1982. Encyclopædia Iranica. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. V, p. 617
- Erik John Anonby, "Update on Luri: How many languages?" // Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Third Series), volume 13, issue 02, Jul 2003, pp 171–197.
- Don Stillo, "Isfahan-Provincial Dialetcs" in Encyclopædia Iranica. Excerpt: "While the modern SWI languages, for instance, Persian, Lori-Baḵtiāri and others, are derived directly from Old Persian through Middle Persian/Pahlavi".
- Bakhtiari tribe and the Bakhtiari dialect[dead link], Encyclopædia Iranica.
- Kurdish language, Encyclopædia Iranica.
|Northern Luri edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
|Bakhtiari test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
|Southern Luri test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
- Dryer, Matthew S. & Haspelmath, Martin (eds.) 2013. Lur. In the World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Lor
- Bakhtiari tribe Lori dialect, Encyclopædia Iranica
- Lurish geography in Middle East
- Lurish language: How many languages? - By Erik John Anonby - The Royal Asiatic Society, 2003 - Printed in the UK