Lyon Himan Green
12 February 1915
|Died||11 September 1987 (aged 72)|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Other names||Chaim Green|
Lorne Hyman Greene
|Occupation||Actor and musician/singer|
Lorne Hyman Greene (born Lyon Himan Green; 12 February 1915 – 11 September 1987) was a Canadian actor, radio personality, and singer. His notable television roles include Ben Cartwright on the Western Bonanza, and Commander Adama in the original science-fiction television series Battlestar Galactica and Galactica 1980. He also worked on the Canadian television nature documentary series Lorne Greene's New Wilderness, and in television commercials.
Early life and career in Canada
This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2016)
Greene was born Lyon Himan Green in Ottawa, Ontario, to Jewish immigrants from the Russian Empire, Dora (née Grinovsky) and Daniel Green, a shoemaker. He was called "Chaim" by his mother, and his name is shown as "Hyman" on his school report cards. In a biography of him that was written by his daughter Linda Greene Bennett, she wrote that when he began using the name Lorne was not known, nor when he added an "e" to Green. Greene was the drama instructor at Camp Arowhon, a summer camp in Algonquin Park, Ontario, Canada, where he developed his talents.
Greene began acting while attending Queen's University in Kingston, where he acquired a knack for broadcasting with the Radio Workshop of the university's Drama Guild on the campus radio station CFRC. He gave up on a career in chemical engineering, and upon graduation, found a job as a radio broadcaster for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). During World War II, Green served as a Flying officer in the Royal Canadian Air Force. He was assigned as the principal newsreader on the CBC National News. The CBC gave him the nickname "The Voice of Canada", but his role in delivering distressing war news in sonorous tones with his deep, resonant voice following Canada's entry into World War II in 1939 caused many listeners to call him "The Voice of Doom", instead, particularly since he was delegated the assignment of reading the dreaded list of soldiers killed in the war. During his radio days, Greene invented a stopwatch that ran backwards; this helped radio announcers gauge how much time was left while speaking. As of the middle of September 2018, whether any production models of this stopwatch were ever made available in the United States is unknown.
During his CBC radio career, Greene also narrated documentary films, such as the National Film Board of Canada's Fighting Norway (1943). After that career ended,[when?] Greene turned to the audio-visual form and relocated to the United States. Katharine Cornell cast him twice in her Broadway productions. In 1953, he was cast in The Prescott Proposals. In that same year, she cast him in a verse drama by Christopher Fry, The Dark is Light Enough. Greene likewise began appearing in isolated episodes on live television in the 1950s. In 1953, he was seen in the title role of a one-hour adaptation of Shakespeare's Othello. In 1954, he made his Hollywood debut as Saint Peter in The Silver Chalice and made several more films and appearances on American television. In 1955, he starred in the British Canadian TV series Sailor of Fortune. In 1955, he was Ludwig van Beethoven in an episode of the TV version of You Are There, and also appeared as Marcus Brutus in Julius Caesar at the Stratford Festival. In 1957, Greene played the prosecutor in Peyton Place.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2016)
The first of his continuing TV roles was as the patriarch Ben "Pa" Cartwright in Bonanza, the first one-hour Western series filmed in colour (1959–1973), making Greene a household name. He garnered the role after his performance as O'Brien in the CBS production of Nineteen Eighty-Four.
In the 1960s, Greene capitalized on his image as Ben Cartwright by recording several albums of country-western/folk songs, which Greene performed in a mixture of spoken word and singing. In 1964, Greene had a number-one single on the music charts with his spoken-word ballad, "Ringo" (which referred to the real-life Old West outlaw Johnny Ringo, not to Ringo Starr of the Beatles), and got play time from "Saga of the Ponderosa", which detailed the Cartwright founding of the famous ranch.
In 1973, after the cancellation of Bonanza following a 14-year run, Greene joined Ben Murphy in the ABC crime drama, Griff, about a Los Angeles, California, police officer, Wade "Griff" Griffin, who retires to become a private detective. When it failed to gain sufficient ratings and was cancelled after 13 episodes, Greene thereafter hosted the syndicated nature documentary series Last of the Wild from 1974 to 1975.
In the 1977 miniseries Roots, he played the first master of Kunta Kinte, John Reynolds. Through the 1970s, Greene was the spokesman for Alpo Beef Chunks dog food commercials, one of the possible origins of the phrase "Eating your own dog food". In 2007, TV Guide listed Ben Cartwright as the nation's second-most popular TV father (behind Cliff Huxtable). Greene was also known for his role as Commander Adama, another patriarchal figure, in the science-fiction television series Battlestar Galactica (1978–1979) and Galactica 1980 (1980). Greene's typecasting as a wise father character continued with the 1981 series Code Red as a fire-department chief, whose command includes his children as subordinates. Greene appeared with his former Bonanza co-star Michael Landon on an episode of Highway to Heaven. Greene also appeared with his former Bonanza co-star Pernell Roberts on a two-part episode of Vega$.
He appeared in the HBO mockumentary The Canadian Conspiracy, about the supposed subversion of the United States by Canadian-born media personalities. For nearly a decade, Greene co-hosted the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade on NBC with Betty White. He is also fondly remembered as the founder of Toronto's Academy of Radio Arts (originally called the Lorne Greene School of Broadcasting).
Back on Canadian television
In the 1980s, Greene devoted his energies to wildlife and environmental issues, including hosting and narrating the CTV's nature series Lorne Greene's New Wilderness, a show that promoted environmental awareness.
Greene was married twice, first to Rita Hands of Toronto (1938–1960, divorced). Some reports list the start of their marriage as 1940. They had two children, twins born in 1945: Charles Greene and Belinda Susan Bennett. His second wife was Nancy Deale (1961–1987, Greene's death), with whom he had one child, Gillian Dania Greene. In 1993, Gillian married director Sam Raimi, they had 5 children, Henry, Emma, Dashiell, and Oliver, the eldest of which, son Lorne Raimi, is named after her father.
The Ponderosa II House was built by Greene in 1960 in Mesa, Arizona. It is located at 602 S. Edgewater Drive. It is a replica of the Bonanza set house from the former Ponderosa Ranch in Incline Village, Nevada. It is listed in the Mesa Historic Property Register.
Greene died on 11 September 1987, aged 72, from complications from pneumonia, following ulcer surgery, in Santa Monica, California. He was interred at Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City.
Honours and awards
Greene was awarded an honorary doctor of laws degree by his alma mater, Queen's University, in 1971. He was the 1987 recipient of the Earle Grey Award for Lifetime Achievement at the Canadian Gemini Awards. He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1559 N. Vine Street.
- Churchill's Island (1941) as Narrator
- Warclouds in the Pacific (1941) as Narrator
- Inside Fighting China (1941) as Narrator
- Flight 6 (1944) as Narrator
- Othello (1953) (television) as Othello
- 1984 (short film, 1953) as O'Brien
- The Philip Morris Playhouse (one episode, 1953) as Joe
- Omnibus (one episode, 1953) as Ed Bailey
- Danger (one episode, 1954) as Stranger
- The Silver Chalice (1954) as Saint Peter
- Justice (one episode, 1954, "The Desperate One")
- You Are There (three episodes, 1954–1955) as Ludwig van Beethoven / Charles Stewart Parnell
- Tight Spot (1955) as Benjamin Costain
- Climax! (one episode, 1955) as Dr. Charles Saunders
- The Elgin Hour (one episode, 1955) as Vernon Dyall
- Studio 57 (one episode, 1955) as Gentry Morton
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents (one episode, 1956) as Mr. X
- Autumn Leaves (1956) as Mr. Hanson
- The Alcoa Hour (one episode, 1956) as Sheriff Gash
- Armstrong Circle Theatre (one episode, 1956) as Angelina
- The United States Steel Hour (one episode, 1956) as Dallas
- Kraft Television Theatre (one episode, 1957) as Colonel Matthews
- Playhouse 90 (one episode, 1957) as Lowell Williams
- Studio One (five episodes, 1953–1957)
- Peyton Place (1957) as Prosecutor
- The Hard Man (1957) as Rice Martin
- The Gift of Love (1958) as Grant Allan
- Suspicion (one episode, 1958) as Monty
- The Last of the Fast Guns (1958) as Michael O'Reilly
- Shirley Temple's Storybook (one episode, 1958) as King Bertrand
- The Buccaneer (1958) as Mercier
- The Trap (1959) as Davis
- Bonanza (417 episodes, 1959–1973) as Ben Cartwright
- The Third Man (one episode, 1959)
- The Gale Storm Show (one episode, 1959) as Constable Barnaby
- The Hangman (1959) as Marshal Clum Cummings
- Mike Hammer (two episodes, 1959) as Carl Kunard, Emmett Gates
- Bronco (one episode, 1959) as Capt. Amos Carr
- Wagon Train (one episode, 1959) as Christopher Webb
- Cheyenne (two episodes, 1960) as Colonel Bell
- The Errand Boy (1961) as Ben Cartwright – Cameo (uncredited)
- The Legend of Amaluk: An Arctic Odyssey (1972) as Narrator
- Tidal Wave (1973) as Ambassador Warren Richards
- Griff (12 episodes, 1973–1974) as Wade Griffin
- Earthquake (1974) as Sam Royce
- Nevada Smith (1975) as Jonas Cord
- The Moneychangers (1976) as George Quartermain
- Roots (two episodes, 1977) as John Reynolds
- SST: Death Flight (1977) as Marshall Cole
- The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries (two episodes, 1977) as Inspector Hans Stavlin
- The Trial of Lee Harvey Oswald (1977) as Matthew Arnold Watson
- Yabba Dabba Doo! The Happy World of Hanna-Barbera (1977) as Special Guest
- Happy Days (1977) as Special Guest Cameo
- The Bastard (1978) as Bishop Francis
- Battlestar Galactica (21 episodes, 1978–1979) as Commander Adama
- The Love Boat (three episodes, 1979–1982) as Buck Hamilton / Buddy Bowers
- Klondike Fever (1980) as Sam Steele
- Galactica 1980 (10 episodes, 1980) as Commander Adama
- Living Legend: The King of Rock and Roll (1980)
- Pink Lady (one episode, 1980)
- Vega$ (two episodes, 1980) as Emil Remick
- A Time for Miracles (1980) as Bishop John Carroll
- Aloha Paradise (one episode, 1981) as Businessman
- The Wizard of Oz (1982) as The Wizard (voice)
- Code Red (12 episodes, 1981–1982) as Battalion Chief Joe Rorchek
- Police Squad! (one episode, 1982) as Stabbed Man
- Heidi's Song (1982) as Grandfather (voice)
- The Nutcracker: A Fantasy on Ice (1983) as Himself / Narrator
- Highway to Heaven (one episode, 1985) as Fred Fusco
- Noah's Ark (1986) as Noah (voice)
- Vasectomy: A Delicate Matter (1986) as Theo Marshall
- The Alamo: Thirteen Days to Glory (1987) as General Sam Houston (final film role)
|1961||Robin Hood of El Dorado||—||MGM|
|1962||Bonanza Ponderosa Party Time||—||RCA|
|1963||Young at Heart||—|
|Christmas on the Ponderosa||—|
|1964||Peter and the Wolf||—|
|Welcome to the Ponderosa||35|
|Have a Happy Holiday||54|
|1966||Portrait of the West||—|
|CAN Country||CAN Pop||US
|US Country||US AC|
|1962||"My Sons My Sons"||—||—||—||—||—||Bonanza Ponderosa Party Time|
|1963||"I'm the Same Ole Me"||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
|1964||"Ringo"||—||1||1||21||1||Welcome to the Ponderosa|
|1965||"The Man"||3||—||72||—||—||The Man|
|"Ol' Tin Cup"||—||—||—||—||—||Welcome to the Ponderosa|
|1966||"Five Card Stud"||—||—||112||—||—||American West|
|"Daddy's Little Girl"||—||—||—||—||—||singles only|
|1969||"It's All in the Game"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1970||"Daddy (I'm Proud to Be Your Son)"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1976||"Spirit of America"||—||—||—||—||—|
- Lorne Hyman Greene per Social Security records, ancestry.com; accessed 6 October 2016.
- Bennett, Linda Greene (1 November 2004). My Father's Voice: The Biography of Lorne Greene (Paperback ed.). iUniverse, Inc. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-595-33283-0.
- Gareffa, Peter M. (June 1988). Newsmakers 1988. google.ca. ISBN 9780810322073. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Lorne Greene, TV Patriarch, Is Dead", The New York Times, 12 September 1987.
- [dead link]
- Last of the Wild (documentary, hosted by Lorne Greene) At Classic Themes.com
- "Bonanza's Canadian Lorne Greene | Bite Size Canada". Tkmorin.wordpress.com. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- "Lorne Greene's Ponderosa Replica Up for Sale in Mesa, Arizona". SecondShelters. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
- Weil, Martin (12 September 1987). "Former 'Bonanza' Star Lorne Greene Dies at 72". The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "Distinguished Residents of Hillside Memorial Park and Mortuary" (PDF). hillsidememorial.org. Hillside Memorial Park and Mortuary. 2011. p. 42. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "Order of Canada". Gg.ca. 30 April 2009. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
- "Queen's Encyclopedia". Qnc.queensu.ca. 7 November 1995. Archived from the original on 24 April 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
- "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- "2010 Krewe of Bacchus New Orleans Mardi Gras Parade Schedule 2010". Mardi Gras Parade Schedule. Retrieved 17 September 2009.
- "Lorne Greene – Postage Stamp". Google Search. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "Canada's Walk of Fame 2015 Inductees". Canadaswalkoffame.com. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- "The Nutcracker: A Fantasy on Ice". IMDb.com.
- Whitburn, Joel (2011). Top Pop Singles 1955–2010. Record Research, Inc. p. 376. ISBN 978-0-89820-188-8.