May 22, 1922|
Brooklyn, New York, United States
|Died||1976 (aged 53–54)|
|Elected||Hall of Fame, Society of Illustrators
Lorraine Fox (1922–1976) was an American illustrator and commercial artist who illustrated magazines, book covers, and advertisements. Among the magazines she illustrated for were Woman's Day, Good Housekeeping, Redbook, McCall's, and Cosmopolitan. She was inducted into the Society of Illustrators' Hall of Fame in 1979.
Fox was born in Brooklyn on May 22, 1922. She was the daughter of Theodore, an accountant, and Florence Gatto Fox.[a] Lorraine Fox's brother was the cartoonist and comic book artist Gill Fox, who gave Lorraine confidence to explore her artistic talents, and was inspired by Lorraine to create illustrations. Her mother cleaned houses to pay for her daughter's tuition to Pratt Institute.
Lorraine Fox graduated from Pratt Institute in 1944. She met fellow illustrator Bernard D'Andrea at Pratt and they inspired each other's talent. Beginning in 1961, she studied painting for four years at Brooklyn Museum Art School with Reuben Tam and her work took on a more mature and deeper emotional quality.
While working for Keiswetter Agency, Fox also produced freelance work for Seventeen and Better Homes and Gardens. Her works, including full illustrations and a regular column of drawings, appeared in Woman's Day.
In 1951, she married D'Andrea in New York. That year, she also joined the Charles E. Cooper studio with a collection of illustrators, including D'Andrea, Coby Whitmore, and Jon Whitcomb. According to The New School, it was "one of the most influential studios for photography and commercial art" at the time. Fox, one of the most notable female illustrators of the mid-20th century, illustrated books, book covers, advertisements, and she continued to illustrate for magazines, such as Good Housekeeping, Redbook, McCall's, and Cosmopolitan. Women illustrators were often hired to create illustrations of children. Initially children were portrayed as innocent, wholesome, and sometimes funny. By the mid 1900s, children could also be portrayed as naughty, like Norman Rockwell's Hunk Finn or Fox's dark, young Sherlock made in the 1960s. It became particularly difficult to remain competitive as an illustrator into the 1960s, but Fox was one of the artists, like Bernie Fuchs and Austin Briggs to create their own new and unique style.
Fox taught for a home-school art program at the Famous Artists School, along with other successful artists like Norman Rockwell, Al Capp and Bernard Fuchs. Student's submitted their works to professional illustrators, cartoonists, and painters, who critiqued them and returned comments and drawings to the students. From 1965 to 1976, Fox taught at Parsons School of Design. She often exhibited her works—made with oils, watercolors, or other media—with her husband at galleries and museums.
Murray Tinkelman, who was also an instructor at Parsons, said in a 1977 American Artist article that she was able to have a successful career as an illustrator when photography was a major form for illustration. Like Fox, Tinkelman studied under Reuban Tamand was employed at Charles E. Cooper studio. He admired her use of abstract shapes, color, and symbolism and was determined as an illustrator to be "the second best Lorraine Fox". Fox was described as "an elegant, quiet woman, highly imaginative, gifted in design and a standout artist in a field overbearingly populated by men" by journalist Don Stewart.
Fox died in 1976 of lung cancer.[b] In 1979, three years after her death, she became the first female inductee of the Society of Illustrators' Hall of Fame. The New School and Smithsonian American Art Museum / National Portrait Gallery Library maintain an artist file of documents related to her career. Her work was included in the "Here's Looking at You, Kid" exhibition from January 31 to March 31, 2012 at the Society of Illustrators' Museum.
- Better Homes and Gardens (author), Lorraine Fox (illustrator) (1953). Better Homes and Gardens Baby Book: A Handbook for Parents. New York: Meredith Publishing Company.
- Jennie Grossinger (author), Lorraine Fox (illustrator) (1958). The Art of Jewish Cooking. New York: Random House. ASIN B00IV9HO9W.
- Lorraine Fox (1960). The Nursery Book: Pictures. New York: McLoughlin Brothers. OCLC 15164112.
- Lorraine Fox (illustrator); Shirly Jackson (author) (1963). 9 Magic Wishes. A Modern Masters Book for Children. New York: Crowell-Collier. OCLC 773899613.
- Lorraine Fox (illustrator); Mark VanDoren (author) (1966). Somebody Came. New York: Quist. OCLC 773898694.
- Her grandparents were immigrants from Ireland and Germany. Her father, Theodore Fox was the son of William Rohadinsky, who immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1887. The family—including William, Sr.; William, Jr.; Theodore; and Augusta—changed their surname from Rohadinsky to Fox in 1900.
- According to the primary source, the Social Security Death Index, Lorraine Dandrea, born May 22, 1922 in Brooklyn, New York, died in March 1976. Her permanent residence at the time was Great Neck, Nassau, New York.
- George Derby; James Terry White. The National Cyclopædia of American Biography: Being the History of the United States as Illustrated in the Lives of the Founders, Builders, and Defenders of the Republic, and of the Men and Women who are Doing the Work and Moulding the Thought of the Present Time. J. T. White. p. 133.
- "Hall of Fame - Lorraine Fox". Society of Illustrators. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- New York (State). Legislature. Assembly (1902). Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York. p. 1379.
- Jim Amash. "A Conversation with Gill Fox - Artist, Writer, and Editor (1940-43) of Quality Comics Group". Alter Ego. Archived from the original on September 12, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- "Guide to the Lorraine Fox offprints, transparencies, and tear sheets, 1964-1976". Kellen Design Archives. The New School. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- "Here's Looking at You Kid January 31, 2012 - March 31, 2012". Society of Illustrators. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- David Saunders (Fall 2011). "Walt Reed: A Life in Illustration" (PDF). Illustration. 9 (35): 85. Retrieved April 2, 2015. See also, Fall 2011 issue.
- Boy Scouts of America, Inc. (October 1970). Boys' Life. Boy Scouts of America, Inc. p. 23. ISSN 0006-8608.
- Boy Scouts of America, Inc. (October 1969). Boys' Life. Boy Scouts of America, Inc. p. 13. ISSN 0006-8608.
- Don Stewart (May 15, 2014). "A Life Told in Illustration: The Rockwell celebrates the "Golden Age" of Murray Tinkelman". The Recorder. Greenfield, Massachusetts. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- Jacquelyn Lewis (June 25, 2004). "A Man of Art". The Island Packet & The Beaufort Gazette. Bluffton, South Carolina: The McClatchy Company. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- "Lorraine Dandrea, Social Security issued before 1951 in New York", Social Security Death Index, Master File, Social Security Administration
- "Lorraine Fox". Art and Artist's Files. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
- Cosmopolitan. 151. Schlicht & Field. 1961. p. 6.; An article about Fox and D'Andrea
- Arpi Ermoyan (August 1, 2002). Society of Illustrators: Famous American Illustrators. Book Sales. ISBN 978-0-7858-1560-0.
- Famous Artists Annual. Hastings House. 1969. p. 176.
- Amy Geller (2010). Lure of the Naïve: An Exploration of the Naïve, Faux-naïf and Expressive Illustration Styles of James Thurber, Lorraine Fox, R.O. Blechman, Faith Ringgold, Sue Coe, Maira Kalman, and Roz Chast. Fashion Institute of Technology. Illustration.
- Ivy Press; Don Mangus; Scott Barber (March 1, 2005). Heritage Galleries and Auctioneers, 2005 Fine Arts Signature Catalog #620. Heritage Capital Corporation. pp. 23–26. ISBN 978-1-932899-70-2.
- Nassau Community College (1966). Lorraine Fox & Bernard D'Andrea: Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings : March 6, 1966, Nassau Community College, Garden City, New York. Nassau Community College.
- Walt Reed; Society of Illustrators (New York, N.Y.) (2001). The Illustrator in America, 1860-2000. The Society of Illustrators. pp. 312, 334, 342. ISBN 978-0-8230-2523-7.
- Murray Tinkelman (December 1977). "Lorraine Fox: Illustrator, Painter, Teacher, Alchemist". American Artist. 41 (425): 36.
|Example of her work, The New School Libraries Archive Collection|