Lorser Feitelson, 1952, Pasadena Art Museum
I. Lorser Feitelson
|Movement||Hard Edge painting, Modernist|
Lorser Feitelson (1898, Savannah, GA – 1978, Los Angeles, CA) was born in Savannah, Georgia, but was raised in New York City, where his family relocated shortly after his birth. Feiltelson rose to prominence on the West Coast as one of the founding fathers of Southern California-based Hard Edge painting.
Lorser Feitelson, along with his peers Karl Benjamin, Frederick Hammersley and John McLaughlin, was featured in the landmark 1959 exhibition Four Abstract Classicists at the San Francisco Museum of Art and later traveled to Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Curated by Los Angeles-based critic and curator Jules Langsner, the exhibition introduced the general public to the dazzling visual language created by a revolutionary group of painters. A revised version of this exhibition re-titled West Coast Hard Edge was presented in London at the Institute of Contemporary Arts and then in Belfast, Northern Ireland at Queens Court. The painting "Magical Space Forms" from 1951, reproduced below, was included in this exhibition.
Feitelson, along with his wife Helen Lundeberg and the aforementioned artists, pioneered a movement that has been celebrated by the Orange County Museum's nationally toured exhibition Birth of the Cool: California Art, Design and Culture at Midcentury. Additionally, contemporary art writer and scholar Dave Hickey, in his 2004 exhibition at the Otis College of Art and Design, christened Feitelson and the other Hard Edge painters as The Los Angeles School.
These artists made profound contributions to the development of American abstract painting. According to Hickey: “The New York School painters would create their idiom by internalizing abstraction, psychologizing it in the manner of Freud and Jung. The California painters take the opposite route by radically externalizing the surrealism of experience in the West. Their presumption, that surreality, visual anxiety and splendor have their roots in the physical and social world rather than the autonomous self, set art on the West Coast free from the rigor of concept and the regime of the personal that dominated American art in that moment. In the broader sense, this externalized vision granted artists the privilege of their sanity in a manic, narcissistic cultural moment and, in doing so, created the conditions out of which the language of art in Southern California art would evolve in the late twentieth century.”
Feitelson was raised in NYC and home-schooled in drawing by his art-loving father. As a child, he pored over the family's collection of international magazines and frequently visited the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Though his sketchbooks from those early years reveal a firm foundation in Old Master style draftsmanship, Feitelson rethought his approach to drawing after viewing the legendary International Exhibition of Modern Art in 1913 at the Armory.
The controversial work of Matisse, Duchamp and the Italian Futurists had a profound effect on the young artist. Feitelson began to produce a series of formally experimental figurative drawings and paintings. By 1916, the eighteen-year-old set up a studio in Greenwich Village and set out to establish himself as a painter.
Like all serious Modernist painters of the time, Feitelson wanted to continue his study/practice in Europe. He made his first journey to Paris in 1919 and enrolled as an independent student in life drawing at the Académie Colorossi. While in Paris, he also made numerous trips to Corsica, Italy, and sketches from his time there formed the basis for later works featuring peasants as subjects. After numerous trips to Europe, and before returning home to the States for good in 1927, Feitelson exhibited at Paris’ famous Salon d'Automne.
In November, 1927, Feitelson moved to Los Angeles and by 1930 was working in the Post Surrealist style. According to Lundeberg, who authored the pair's mission statement in response to the European Surrealist movement, Feitelson “wanted the utilization of association, the unconscious, to make a rational use of these subjective elements. Nothing of automatism about it. The name he had for this idea at first was ‘New Classicism ‘ or ‘Subjective Classicism.’ As Jules Langsner suggested in his catalogue for Post Surrealists and Other Moderns in 1935 at the Stanley Rose Gallery in Los Angeles, post-surrealism “affirms all that Surrealism negates.”
During this period, Feitelson was also assigned, with Stanton Macdonald-Wright, to oversee the WPA murals project on the West Coast. Though few examples of Feitelson's design are extant, the large-scale narrative requirements of the mural format are in evidence in some of his larger Post-surrealist works. Flight Over New York at Twilight and Eternal Recurrence are two powerful examples of Feitelson's technical acumen as well as his dynamic visual style.
The Move to Abstraction
By the 1940s, Feitelson had developed the use of biomorphic or “Magical” forms. “In his Magical Forms, Feitelson began to paint more abstractly but retained the shallow space and modeling of his post surrealist work." These evolved into a more formalized visual language in the ‘Magical Space Forms’ series of the 1950s and 1960s and culminated in the elegant figurative minimalism of the ‘Ribbon’ paintings in the 1970s; “pure gesture that engages the viewer with the intimacy of an embrace.”
Gallery owner Joan Ankrum represented Feitelson and wife Helen Lundeberg for three years in the 1960s, until Feitelson claimed that she was using his work "as window dressing." Ankrum described him as a "brilliant, brilliant man," yet somewhat arrogant in personality and teaching style. Feitelson taught life drawing and history of art classes at what is now the Art Center College of Design, relocated to Pasadena, where he taught until his retirement in the late 1970s.
Representation and Collections
Louis Stern Fine Arts in West Hollywood represents the estate of Lorser Feitelson on behalf of the Feitelson/Lundeberg Art Foundation. Stern presented Feitelson's first concise retrospective with catalogue in 2003. Entitled Lorser Feitelson and the invention of Hard Edge Painting, 1945-1965, the exhibition met with significant critical acclaim and rekindled public interest in Feitelson's oeuvre. In 2006, New York's Washburn Gallery followed suit, presenting Lorser Feitelson - Los Angeles, the 1960s. This exhibition was also well received, and was reviewed in the New York Times and Art in America. Louis Stern mounted additional Feitelson exhibitions representing his early work in 2005, Lorser Feitelson – The Kinetic Series, and his final paintings in 2009, Lorser Feitelson – The Late Paintings.
As Louis Stern commented in his first publication, “Rarely does one have the privilege of exhibiting the work of an artist of such magnitude as Lorser Feitelson. His contributions as a scholar, teacher, lecturer, collector and pioneer of modern art are invaluable and I am honored to be part of his legacy.”
Lorser Feitelson's works are included in the permanent collections of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; the National Museum of American Art; Smithsonian Institution, Library of Congress and National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; the Whitney Museum of American Art, Museum of Modern Art and Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York; Columbus Museum of Art; Nora Eccles Harrison Museum of Art at Utah State University, Logan, UT and numerous other public and private collections. His work was most recently included in the J. Paul Getty Museum's Pacific Standard Time: Crosscurrents in L.A. Painting and Sculpture" in 2011.
- Dave Hickey, “The Los Angeles School”, Ben Maltz Gallery Invitation, Otis College of Art + Design, 2004
- Michael Duncan, "Lorser Feitelson’s Hard Edge Painting”, catalogue essay, Lorser Feitelson and the Invention of Hard Edge Painting 1945-1965, Louis Stern Fine Arts, 2003.
- Feitelson Arts Foundation, Lorser Feitelson The Kinetic Series – Works from 1916-1923, Louis Stern Fine Arts, 2005.
- Peter Selz, "The Kinetic Works by Lorser Feitelson", catalogue essay, Lorser Feitelson The Kinetic Series – Works from 1916-1923, Louis Stern Fine Arts, 2005.
- Helen Lundeberg, interviewed by Jan Butterfield, Los Angeles, 1980, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
- Jules Langsner, quoted in Joseph E. Young, “Helen Lundeberg: An American Independent,” Art International 15 (September) 1971.
- Frances Colpitt, Hard Edge Cool, catalogue essay, Birth of the Cool – California Art Design and Culture at Midcentury, Orange County Museum of Art, 2007.
- Frances Colpitt, Lorser Feitelson – The Late Paintings, catalogue essay, Louis Stern Fine Arts, 2009.
- Paul Karlstrom (1997–1998). "Oral history interview with Joan Ankrum, 1997 Nov. 5-1998 Feb. 4". Archives of American Art Oral History Program. Archives of American Art. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- Louis Stern, Lorser Feitelson and the Invention of Hard Edge Painting 1945-1965, acknowledgment, Louis Stern Fine Arts, 2003.
- Lorser Feitelson: Pioneer of Post-Surrealism and Hard Edge Abstraction, by Alisha Patrick
- Interview of Lorser Feitelson, part of Los Angeles Art Community - Group Portrait[permanent dead link] interview series, Center for Oral History Research, UCLA Library Special Collections, University of California, Los Angeles.
- Louis Stern Fine Arts - Lorser Feitelson
- Catalogue Raisonné project from Louis Stern Fine Arts, exclusive representative of the Lorser Feitelson estate