Los Algodones

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Los Algodones
Border crossing into Los Algodones from Andrade, California
Border crossing into Los Algodones from Andrade, California
Los Algodones is located in Mexico
Los Algodones
Los Algodones
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 32°42′55″N 114°43′44″W / 32.71528°N 114.72889°W / 32.71528; -114.72889
Country Mexico
StateBaja California
MunicipalityMunicipality of Mexicali
Elevation
108 ft (33 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,474

Los Algodones, Baja California, is a small Mexican town located on the extreme northeastern tip of the municipality of Mexicali, approximately 16 km (9.9 mi) west of Yuma, Arizona, USA. Its official name is Vicente Guerrero, and it is informally known as Molar City, because of the large number of dentists that cater to Americans[1]. It reported a population of 5,474 as of the 2010 Mexican census. It also serves as a borough seat of its surrounding area.

Location[edit]

Los Algodones is the northernmost town in Mexico, and at its northeastern tip is the northernmost point in the state of Baja California, and in Latin America.

Situated near the borders of both southeastern California and southwestern Arizona, Los Algodones has become a popular tourist attraction in recent years due in part to inexpensive shopping and restaurants as well as inexpensive medical care and prescription medicines. The warm, dry climate of the area attracts a number of older tourists from across the United States and Canada who settle during the winter in the nearby towns of Yuma, Arizona and Winterhaven, California. Organized day trips from the Coachella Valley are popular among seniors as well.

From the U.S. side, Los Algodones is most easily reached via Interstate 8 and south a short distance (3.33 Km / 2.07 mi) along State Route 186/Andrade Road to the international border at Andrade, California. From Andrade, visitors park their vehicles and walk across the border, or they can drive across.

The exact geographical location is 32°42′55″N 114°43′44″W / 32.71528°N 114.72889°W / 32.71528; -114.72889 at an elevation of 110 feet/33.5 m above mean sea level.

Healthcare[edit]

The popularity of both inexpensive prescriptions and medical care catering to Canadian and U.S. senior citizens has prompted a virtual explosion of pharmacies, opticians and dental offices since the 1980s.[2][3] They have largely displaced many of the open-air shops and restaurants immediately across the border, and have effectively shifted the town's focus from tourism to medicine. Los Algodones has approximately 600 dentists who service uninsured Canadian and American health tourists who save 40 to 60 percent on dental services.[4] Nevertheless, a number of shops and restaurants remain, and Los Algodones capitalizes on the tourist trade with frequent fiestas throughout the year, most notably around the Christmas season.

Etymology[edit]

The Spanish-language name Los Algodones translates into English as "the cotton plants". The origin of the name is unknown.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Transportes Miguel Siga, a private bus company, provides service between Mexicali and Los Algodones.[6] Yuma County Area Transit provides service from Andrade to Yuma.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Los Algodones (Presa Morelos) 1951–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
34.0
(93.2)
45.0
(113.0)
48.0
(118.4)
47.0
(116.6)
49.0
(120.2)
50.0
(122.0)
48.0
(118.4)
48.0
(118.4)
45.0
(113.0)
43.5
(110.3)
32.0
(89.6)
50.0
(122.0)
Average high °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
22.9
(73.2)
26.2
(79.2)
29.7
(85.5)
34.8
(94.6)
39.0
(102.2)
41.4
(106.5)
41.0
(105.8)
38.1
(100.6)
32.5
(90.5)
25.4
(77.7)
20.3
(68.5)
31.0
(87.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
15.0
(59.0)
17.8
(64.0)
20.9
(69.6)
25.6
(78.1)
29.7
(85.5)
33.1
(91.6)
32.9
(91.2)
29.8
(85.6)
23.8
(74.8)
17.4
(63.3)
13.0
(55.4)
22.7
(72.9)
Average low °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
7.1
(44.8)
9.4
(48.9)
12.2
(54.0)
16.4
(61.5)
20.3
(68.5)
24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
21.5
(70.7)
15.1
(59.2)
9.4
(48.9)
5.8
(42.4)
14.4
(57.9)
Record low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
0.1
(32.2)
2.0
(35.6)
7.0
(44.6)
11.0
(51.8)
13.0
(55.4)
17.0
(62.6)
2.0
(35.6)
1.0
(33.8)
0.0
(32.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.7
(0.34)
6.0
(0.24)
4.7
(0.19)
2.0
(0.08)
0.5
(0.02)
0.3
(0.01)
3.3
(0.13)
8.9
(0.35)
5.5
(0.22)
5.7
(0.22)
4.9
(0.19)
12.3
(0.48)
62.8
(2.47)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.0 1.5 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.9 2.5 12.3
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "This tiny Mexican town has more than 350 dentists". Business Insider. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  2. ^ Robbins, Ted. "A Reason To Smile: Mexican Town Is A Destination For Dental Tourism". NPR. National Public Radio. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  3. ^ Judkins, Gabriel (June 2007). "Persistence of the U. S.--Mexico Border: Expansion of Medical-Tourism amid Trade Liberalization". Journal of Latin American Geography. 6 (2): 11–32. ISSN 1545-2476.
  4. ^ Young, Jeffrey (2019-11-14). "Welcome to Molar City, Mexico, The Dental Mecca America's Health Care Costs Built". HuffPost. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
  5. ^ Gyek, Juana M. (2006-08-14). "Mystery surrounds origin of town's name". The Sun.
  6. ^ Autobuses nuevos cubren la ruta desde el poblado Algodones a la zona
  7. ^ "Estado de Baja California-Estacion: Presa Morelos". Normales Climatologicas 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Presa Morelos (SMN) 1961–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.